Christian Apologetics Study



For many years, Darwinian science illustrators depicted early humans as apelike and primitive. However, as paleo-anthropologists discover more information, their evidence points toward more advanced prehistoric human populations.

Today, the latest fossils shed light on human evolution and migration, primeval human fire usage for cooking, Stone Age human fire usage for tool making, micro-stratigraphic evidence for early human fire usage, human tools date earlier than previously believed, science theories for becoming Human, and Homo Erectus and Neanderthal populations language capabilities.

According to China Daily, recent findings in anthropology shed light on human migration and evolution. In the Southwest of China’s Yunnan province, science researchers discover the latest human fossils have primitive and modern anatomical features. They may someday answer questions about early human migration challenges and primate evolution complexity. Anthropologists name the ancient human remains the Red Deer Cave People. Their partial skulls and other bone fragments were dated around 12,900 years ago. The fossil remains were uncovered during the 1970s and 1980s, but they were left unstudied. A scientific team of anthropologists and other researchers from China and Australia rediscovered the fossils.

Professors Ji Xueping of the Yunnan Institute of Cultural Relics and Archeology and Darren Curnoe of the University of New South Wales led the team, which included researchers from six Chinese and five Australian institutions. The cavemen’s anatomical features surprised the researchers, which are distinct from modern humans. They appear different from many modern humans, whether they are alive today or living in Africa roughly 150,000 years ago,” according to Curnoe during an interview with the BBC.

According to anthropologists, the Red Deer Cave people possessed thick skull bones, round brain cases, and large brow ridges. These Stone Age people had flat and short faces under their brains and they had wide noses and prominent jawbones. They lack a modern human-like chin. Their brain cavity X-ray scans show they had modern frontal lobes. Their tools included quartz stone-cutters, hand hammers, stone hammers, pyramids, and antler made shovels, which provided clear evidence for a late paleo-lithic culture, according to archeologists.

As said by Ji Xueping, the Red Deer Cave people were probably an extinct human species. Their discovery proves human evolution complexity in East Asia. They have Homo sapiens trait due to Yunnan’s distinctive natural environment, which provided an isolated paradise and reduce speed of the evolutionary process.

As reported by Scientific American, Humans tamed fire about one million years ago, which may have triggered the evolution of cooking. Archaeological research and excavations in the Wonderwerk Cave site in South Africa’s Northern Cape Province have discovered charred animal remains, about one million years old, which preceded Neanderthal and modern human populations by many generations. The discovery was the most persuasive evidence offering support for the cooking theory, a hypothesis developed by Harvaed University’s Richard Wrangham. Wrangham argued that the invention of cooking accelerated human brain size evolution around two million years ago with Homo erectus populations. This finding demonstrates that Homo erectus people were more advanced than previously thought.

According to the Telegraph, science researchers discovered that Stone Age man used fire to make tools about 50,000 years earlier than many of them previously believed. Early modern humans commanded fire in an advanced and sophisticated manner for generations. Early modern humans going back 75,000 to 150,000 years ago in coastal South Africa began using fire to heat stone and change its properties; this process is known as heat treatment. Before this finding, the first use of heat treatment was theorized to have originated in Europe 25,000 years ago. The fire usage technique was falsely believed to have been invented generations following modern human ancestral migration from Africa and settlement in Europe and Asia. Today, researchers discover that human fire usage began in Africa before modern human proliferation worldwide.

As reported by PNAS, the fire control capability was the critical period in human evolutionary history; however, when humans first developed this ability still remains enigmatic. Micro-morphological and Fourier transform infrared micro-spectroscopy (mFTIR) analyses of intact sediments at the site of Wonderwerk Cave in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa, provided scientific evidence for burning taking place in caves during the early Acheulean occupation, approximately one million years ago. This finding remains one of the earliest evidence for burning in the human archaeological record.

According to the Huffington post, science researchers discover that the oldest Homo erectus tools found were earlier than previously believed. Homo erectus populations were creating and using advanced stone tools almost 2 million years ago, much earlier than previous science theories argued, according to archaeologists who exhumed new artifacts in northwest Kenya. Homo erectus people never export the technology behind their sophisticated tools (hand axes, picks and flakes) when the people migrated out of Africa, according to Nature this week.

As said by many anthropologists, Homo erectus people were taller and more robust than modern humans when they appeared roughly 2 million years ago and proliferated across Africa, Asia and parts of southern Europe before disappearing from the fossil record roughly 70,000 years ago. They were the direct ancestors of modern humans and Neanderthals; these people mastered fire and were the first to develop cutting and butchering instruments known as Acheulian tools.

According to the Institute of Human Origins, becoming human remains a mystery within the scientific community. The evolutionary questions associated with Homo Erectus, other human species, and modern humans are not completely answered. Many scholars believe that Homo erectus evolved from Homo habilis in East Africa. However, in Kenya, recent findings have increased Homo habilis’ temporal range, suggesting there were two species that overlapped in time and causing scientists to question the direct connection between Homo habilis and Homo erectus. However, many scientists concur that Homo heidelbergensis evolved from Homo erectus in Africa and proliferated across the Old World replacing many Homo Erectus populations, which was similar to how Homo sapiens replaced Homo heidelbergensis and Homo neanderthalensis 750, 000 years earlier.

According to Anya Luke-Killam’s paper on the Language Capabilities of Homo Erectus & Homo Neanderthalensis, although Homo Erectus and Neanderthal people have the human hyoid bone, which is necessary for either verbal or spoken communication, many within the scientific community question whether Homo erectus and Neanderthal humans could communicate like modern human

s. Homo erectus and Neanderthal brains were similar to modern humans. Some scientists have been slow to agree that Homo erectus and Neanderthals communicated just as well as modern humans because of their commitment to Darwinism. Analysis of Homo erectus and Neanderthal sophisticated tool production, artistic creations, sufficient brains, and a hyoid bone confirms that verbal communication was necessary for the development of their tools and art work.


Although recent scientific discoveries demonstrate that early humans were more similar to modern humans, the study of human origins remains a mystery within the scientific community because it is based upon the religious doctrine of Darwinism. While micro-evolution eloquently and scientifically demonstrates plant and animal variation through time, Darwinism or macro-evolution fails the test of the scientific method because this process has never been observed during life’s 3.5 billion year history on planet Earth. The belief in life originating from death, fishes evolving into amphibians, amphibians changing into reptiles, reptiles developing into mammals and birds, and apes transforming into humans originated from the religious and philosophical corruptions of Darwinism. Bear in mind, Darwinism contributed to the creation of concentration camps in Germany during the Second World War and the persecution of non-whites in Europe, South Africa, and North America for many years before the 21st century. The time has come for many believers in the Darwinian mythology to liberate themselves from the religious paradigm facilitating the continuation of a pseudo-scientific dark age because religion and philosophy have no place in real science.




For many years, Neanderthal people were falsely portrayed as brutish and primitive ape-men, but with every new science discovery, anthropologists learn that Neanderthals were completely human.For example, Neanderthal cave paintings found in southern Spain demonstrated Neanderthal creativity and humanity. The recent sequencing of the Neanderthal genome verified that Neanderthal blood flows in some modern humans living today.

According to Scientific American, recently excavated painted shells prove that Neanderthals were Homo sapiens’ mental equals. A painted shells discovery proves that Neanderthals employed symbolism, removing generations of pseudo-scientific beliefs that they were mentally inferior to modern humans. Recently found painted scallops and cockleshells in Spain are the first evidence that Neanderthals decorated themselves with jewelry. These findings confirm that humanity’s closest extinct relatives used symbolism, which represents a highly evolved intellectual capability unique to human beings.

The Daily Mail reported that 42,500-year-old seal paintings were found in a Spanish cave. The paintings are artistic images created by Neanderthal people. Neanderthals lived in the caves before becoming extinct about 30,000 years ago; they left behind their tools and skeletons. Later, early Homo sapiens used the same caves, painting on the walls and leaving pottery, tools, and their skeletons. Neanderthals, who were known to hunt seals, died out from competition with Homo sapiens, according to many science researchers. However, a few scientists argue that Neanderthals were wiped out by either global warming or post Ice Age climatic conditions. Before this recent discovery, the oldest art works in the world were dated about 32,000 years in the Chauvet Cave in southern France, according to many researchers.

According to Live Science, Humans and their Neanderthal relatives began diverging from a common human ancestor (Homo erectus) approximately 700,000 years ago, and the two groups split permanently some 350,000 years later, according to recent Neanderthal DNA analysis. By employing different research techniques, scientific teams separately sequenced DNA extracted from a 38,000-year-old Neanderthal femur found in a cave in Croatia. A group of researchers sequenced about one million base pairs, while the other group used 65,000 pairs of the genome. The achievements shed light on human evolution by paving the way for building a complete Neanderthal genome library.

Recent excavations and anatomical analysis have revealed that Neanderthals used tools, wore jewelry, buried their dead, cared for their sick, and spoke their language in much the same manner that people do today. Their brains were slightly larger than modern humans living today. The results from various new researchers confirm that Neanderthals were completely human. Neanderthal and modern human genomes are roughly 99.5 percent identical, differing by only about 3 million bases, according to Live Science.

According to Science Daily, science researchers have developed the first whole genome sequence in the 3 billion letters found in the Neanderthal genome, and the analysis show that up to 2 percent of the DNA in the genome of present-day humans outside of Africa originated in Neanderthals or in Neanderthals’ ancestors. The international research team, which includes researchers from the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), reported its findings a few years ago.


If Neanderthals were stupid, they could never have survived the extreme cold weather climatic conditions existing in North Africa, the Mideast, and Europe for many generations during the Ice Age. Neanderthals were some of the most physically impressive humans ever to walk the Earth. Many Neanderthal males were roughly 5 feet 4 inches tall and they weighed about 150 to 200 pounds, mostly muscle. Their bones and skulls were more dense and powerful than modern humans. Furthermore, bone analysis show that Neanderthal children reached sexual maturity by their late teens or early 20s, which is indicative of intellectual sophistication. Although they had extremely powerful physiques along with large brains, they died out mysteriously around 30,000 years ago. Therefore, as scientists research Neanderthal populations and liberate themselves from Darwinian presuppositions, they will discover the Neanderthals appropriate place in human history.




Today an increasing number of science researchers are rejecting Darwinism and evolutionism for the scientific theory of intelligent design because they are convinced that intelligent design offers a better and more scientific explanation than classic Darwinism. The intelligent design theory argues that all living organisms were created and designed by an “intelligent designer.” This narrative highlights the theory’s definition, history, and key persons. In this piece, we discuss the theory’s irreducible complexity and specified complexity arguments.


“The theory of intelligent design holds that certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not an undirected process such as natural selection.” Intelligent design is not scientific creationism because creationism begins with the Holy Scriptures and make scientific conclusion based on the Holy Bible, while intelligent design is based upon the weight of scientific evidence.

Biblical creation science argues that there was a sudden creation of the universe, where space, time, energy, and matter originated from God’s supernatural creative power (Genesis 1:1). Later, God created all living systems on Earth (Genesis chapters 1 and 2).  Mutations and natural selection lack ability to develop all living kinds from single organism.  Changes within the originally created plant and animal kinds occur only within fixed genetic limitations.  There is a separate ancestry for humans and apes. Earth’s geology can be explained by catastrophism, primarily by the occurrence of a worldwide flood.  Earth and living kinds had a relatively recent beginning (6000 or 7,000 years past).

Meanwhile, intelligent design argues that specified complexity and irreducible complexity are reliable indications of design. Biological systems exhibit specified complexity and use irreducibly complex subsystems. Naturalistic mechanisms or undirected causes do not suffice to explain origin of complexity. Intelligent design constitutes the best explanation for the origin of specified complexity and irreducible complexity in biological systems.

Intelligent design theorists believe that evidence for design has been observed in cosmology, physics, biology, and molecular biology.  In cosmology, evidence suggests the universe–including all matter, space, time, and energy–came suddenly into existence a finite time ago, contradicting the earlier picture of an eternal and self-existing material cosmos. In physics, evidence has shown that the universe is “finely-tuned” for the existence of life, suggesting the work, as Astrophysicist Fred Hoyle puts it, “of a super-intellect.” In biology, the presence of complex and functionally integrated machines has cast doubt on Darwinian mechanisms of self-assembly. In molecular biology, the presence of information encoded along the DNA molecule has suggested the activity of a prior designing intelligence.


In Europe, intelligent design theory began with the Greek philosophers a few centuries before Christ and some early church fathers in 3rd and 4th centuries after Christ and Rev. William Paley’s natural theology in the early 19th century. Paley argued that a watch is the product of an intelligent watchmaker and not the result of undirected natural processes. Organisms are the product of intelligence. Purposeful design originates from a purposeful designer. An important sign of design is complexity. Paley wrote: “In crossing a heath, suppose I pitched my foot against a stone and were asked how the stone came to be there, I might possibly answer that for anything I knew to the contrary it had lain there forever; nor would it, perhaps, be very easy to show the absurdity of this answer. But suppose I had found a watch upon the ground, and it should be inquired how the watch happened to be in that place, I should hardly think of the answer which I had before given, that for anything I knew the watch might have always been there.  Yet why should not this answer serve for the watch as well as for the stone?  For this reason, and none other, viz., that when we come to inspect the watch, we perceive what we could not discover in the stone, that its several parts were put together for a purpose.”


Modern intelligent design theory began with the work of Charles Thaxton, Walter Bradley, Michael Denton, Dean Kenyon, and Phillip Johnson. They believe that scientifically, Darwinism is an inadequate framework for biology and philosophically, Darwinism is hopelessly entangled with naturalism. Later, Michael Behe, William Dembski, Stephen Meyer, Paul Nelson, and Jonathan Wells proposed positive research program wherein intelligent causes become key for understanding the diversity and complexity of life. This collection of philosophers, physicists, astronomers, chemists, biologists, and linguists critiqued Darwinism and promoted the intelligent design theory in the early 1990s.  And Johnson’s Influence leads to 1996 Conference. This conference at Biola University brought scholars from around the world. The world learns of the Discovery Institute’s Center for the Renewal of Science and Culture (CRSC).

When Lehigh University biochemistry professor, Dr. Michael Behe’s 1996 book was reviewed in mainline science journals, Darwinists argued against his scientific conclusions, but they were unable to disprove his facts. Dr. Behe introduced the concept of irreducible complexity in his book, Darwin’s Black Box. Something is irreducibly complex if it is composed of two or more necessary parts. Remove one part and the function is not just impaired but destroyed.

According to Dr. Behe, a mousetrap is irreducibly complex. “An everyday example of an irreducibly complex system is the humble mousetrap. It consists of (1) a flat wooden platform or base; (2) a metal hammer, which crushes the mouse; (3) a spring with extended ends to power the hammer; (4) a catch that releases the spring; and (5) a metal bar that connects to the catch and holds the hammer back. You can’t catch a mouse with just a platform, then add a spring and catch a few more mice, then add a holding bar and catch a few more. All the pieces have to be in place before you catch any mice. By irreducibly complex I mean a single system composed of several well-matched, interacting parts that contribute to the basic function, wherein the removal of any one of the parts causes the system to effectively cease functioning An irreducibly complex system cannot be produced directly by slight, successive modifications of a precursor system, because any precursor to an irreducibly complex system that is missing a part is by definition nonfunctional”

Later, Dr. William Dembski publishes The Design Inference in 1999 with the prestigious Cambridge University Press. Dr. Dembski has earned doctorates in philosophy and mathematics from Princeton. Johnson, Behe, Dembski, and others are published widely, exposing the naturalistic bias of science and media, while Darwinists continue to repeat their tired, predictable science vs. religion arguments. Dr. Dembski’s work supported the theory that living organisms are too complicated to be the result of natural processes working independently. Based largely on the theories underlying information theory and concerned with measuring the complexity of structures and information contained in structures. Dr. Dembski’s theory developed the specified complexity argument.

Specified complexity is an information science and mathematical argument proposed by Dr. Dembski and employed by other intelligent design theorists to promote intelligent design. According to Dembski, the concept is intended to formalize a property that singles out patterns that are both specified and complex. Dembski. Dembski believes that specified complexity is a reliable marker of design by an intelligent agent, a central tenet to intelligent design which he argues for in opposition to the modern evolutionary theory. The concept of specified complexity is mathematically sound and has been the basis for further independent work in information theory, the theory of complex systems, or biology. Specified complexity is one of the two main arguments used by intelligent design science researchers, the other being irreducible complexity.

In Dembski’s terminology, a specified pattern is one that admits short descriptions, whereas a complex pattern is one that is unlikely to occur by random chance processes. Dembski argues that it is impossible for specified complexity to exist in patterns displayed by configurations formed by unguided processes. Dembski argues that because specified complex patterns can be found in living things, this evidence indicates some kind of guidance in their formation, which is indicative of intelligence. Dembski further argues that one can rigorously show by applying no free lunch theorems the inability of Dawinian algorithms to select or generate configurations of high specified complexity.


Paley’s classic design argument was only from a metaphysical notion for planned perfection, rather than a mathematical specified complexity form. His arguments for design lack the modern day design theorists’ rigor and precision and it had theological associations with classic Christian theism. While this argument is good for a metaphysical proposal, as a technical proposition it failed to withstand Darwin’s scientific mechanism for natural law and random chance. Paley’s arguments failed to dethrone Darwin’s analysis for biological “imperfection,” Darwin’s arguments for “dysteleology,” and the Darwinian mechanism explaining how evolution generated living systems with design appearance.

In the 21st century, we are having a completely different discussion. Intelligent design theory seeks to discovery complex objects that are specified to some pattern. This is the design arguments essence, and we can best detect design when we can exclude some rival hypothesis, resembling Darwinian evolution. Darwinism no longer triumphs over modern design arguments. Darwinism fails to explain the evolution of irreducible complex biological systems naturally and this fact represents the collapse of Darwinism temporary triumph over Paley, and the modern intelligent design argument. While Hume argued that there is insufficient analogy between biological design and human design, his outdated objection cannot withstand Behe and Dembski’s rigorous observations and quantifications for the information produced by an intelligent agent.


The Mystery of Life’s Origin, Charles Thaxton in 1984. A Theory in Crisis, Michael Denton in 1986. Darwin on Trial, Phillip Johnson in 1991. Creation Hypothesis, Dean Kenyon in 1994. Reason in the Balance, Phillip Johnson in 1995. Darwin’s Black Box, Michael Behe in 1996. The Design Inference, William Dembski in 1999. Icons of Evolution, Jonathan Wells in 2000. The Design Revolution, William Dembski in 2004.





Before the global worldwide Flood of Noah’s generation, the planet Earth was very different from the post-flood world that we observe today. According to the young Earth creation science researchers, the pre-flood Earth had a large human population in the billions. It was filled with tame animals. It had a thin crystalline water canopy shielding the planet from deadly radiation. It had a single supercontinent or landmass and a single super ocean. Its surface geography was less rugged with a more stable crust. And it had more edible and nutritious plants than the post-flood world. These superior environmental global conditions on Earth contributed to the longevity among human populations, which also facilitated the gigantism found among the pre-flood plant and animal fossil records.  These global conditions resulted in the  creation of an advanced pre-flood civilization decorated with megalithic architecture.


The pre-flood Earth probably had a large human population around five or 10 billion people. Many people imagine the primeval Earth with very few people, but there were probably about as many people on the Earth before the Flood as there are today – possibly even more. We should never be surprised at this estimation because pre-flood people were living an average of about 900 years, with each woman producing many children for centuries. Women probably did not reach menopause until age 500 years. A few calculations show that there were likely somewhere between five to 10 billion people alive on the pre-flood Earth, comparable to the seven plus billion people alive today.


The pre-flood animals were gigantic in size and many of them were tame creatures. In other words, there were few predatory beasts devouring herbivores. Few animals ate meat till after the great flood. It was only after the Flood that God said in Genesis. 9:3: “Every moving thing that lives shall be food for you. I have given you all things, even as the green herbs.” Some researchers believe that all animals became wild after the fall of Adam. However, when we  compare Genesis 1:29-30, where man and animals were given permission to eat plants, with Genesis 9:1-3, where man was given permission to eat meat as well, we learn that it was not until after the global flood that all animals became wild, for their own preservation.


The pre-flood world had a thin crystalline water canopy shielding living systems on the planet from deadly radiation. Genesis 1:6-7 says that during the second day of the Creation Week God separated the waters of the Earth from the waters below the atmosphere and the waters above the atmosphere (the “firmament”). The firmament describes the atmosphere or expanse existing between the Earth’s oceans  and the planet’s crystalline water canopy (waters above the firmament).  Today’s Earth is also enveloped by water vapor in the air, but if it all fell out as rain, it would rain for only a few hours. The crystalline water canopy  that covered the pre-flood Earth fell as rain for 40 days and 40 nights during the flood; therefore, we can see how substantial it must have been, though it still allowed man to view the heavenly bodies.

A somewhat comparable high-altitude atmospheric layer was discovered on the planet Venus, where a cloud layer surrounds that planet. While astronomers cannot observe the surface of Venus with Earth bound telescopes, space probes have found that the atmosphere underneath the cloud layer is relatively clear. Aside from the fact that Venus’ high-altitude layer is composed of sulfuric acid and is very foggy, we can imagine that this is somewhat similar to the transparent water vapor layer that covered the Earth before the Flood. This transparent pre-flood water vapor layer facilitated a warm hothouse effect. Pre-flood fossils have been recovered from all over the Earth, including the Arctic and the Antarctic, that show that before the great deluge the Earth was covered with a lush, luxuriant, tropical form of life. Even though according to Genesis 1:14, there were seasons, they were mild. The pre-flood climatic temperatures were about 77 degrees at daytime and 70 degrees at nigh-time and uniform everywhere.

Because the climate was uniform, there was no wind, whose sole purpose is to equalize temperature differences in the atmosphere. Because there was no wind, no dust was stirred up. Rain forms on dust particles, but with no wind, the atmosphere was dust free. Therefore there could have been no rain, whose droplets must form around dust particles. This is the scientific basis for the statement in Genesis 2:5-6 that says there was no rain before the great flood. Rather than rainfall, the Earth was watered by a gentle mist. There were no rainfall means no violent thunder storms, no deadly lightning strikes, no tornadoes, no hurricanes. With mild climate, snowfall and ice were absent as were ice storms, snow storms and blizzards. The pre-flood watering system was mild and tranquil, with no lack of water causing droughts or excess water causing floods.


The pre-flood world had a single supercontinent or landmass and single super ocean. All continents may well have been joined in one land mass. We can easily see on a globe how the continents could fit together like pieces of a jigsaw puzzle, illustrating that they were joined and then shattered during the flood and became completely divided into the seven major post-flood continents during the generation of Peleg (Genesis 10:25). A few ancient legends support this theory. The legend of Atlantis, describing a place that had an ideal climate and wonderful living conditions, is actually a corrupted description of the whole Earth before the great flood. Atlantis is described as being all one huge circular continent that is now lost under the Atlantic Ocean. The Atlanteans lived in a golden age of robust health, longevity and ease. However, the people became wicked, and Atlantis was swallowed up by the waves of the sea. It may well be that just as Atlantis was one continent; therefore, the Earth before the global flood was just one continent, which was lost under the worldwide flood waters. While the earliest extant version of the Atlantis legend was recorded by Plato in his Timeaus, Plato and other Greek philosophers got their legends from Babylon and Egypt, and the Babylonians knew of the great flood and of the pre-Flood world. The possibility of a single pre-flood supercontinent is implied in Genesis 1:9: “And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.” With the waters in one place, the continents were joined in a single place. Ancient maps showing a single world continent also seem to be corrupted memories of a pre-flood supercontinent continent.


The pre-flood surface was less rugged than it is today. It was less mountainous. The average depth of ocean water today is about 12,000 feet. Since virtually all the waters that were involved in the great flood are now in the oceans, and since everything on Earth was covered by the global flood waters, the mountains that were higher than 12,000 feet tall could not have been covered during the worldwide flood. Mt. Everest, the tallest mountain in the world, is 29,029 feet high; therefore, Mt. Everest could not have been covered by the global flood waters. However, the Holy Scriptures say that everything was completely covered. This means that mountains before the great flood were no taller than some 12,000 feet. Additionally, the crust of the Earth was more stable before the Flood. Proverbs 8:28 says that during the Creation Week God “strengthened the fountains of the deep.” This means that God placed large reservoirs of water deep below the surface of the Earth, and the surface (crust) was strengthened and made stable. Volcanoes, earthquakes, and other geological instability was absent before Noah’s flood. The Earth’s crust was not unstable till the first day of the great flood, when the “fountains of the great deep” broke up (Genesis 7:11). The waters gushed out and the crust of the Earth suddenly very unstable.

Modern volcanism and earthquakes are types of “residual catastrophism” remaining from the forces of the worldwide flood. Volcanoes, earthquakes and other modern tectonic activity are from the adjustment of the crust of the Earth, even now several thousand years later, from this extreme devastation. Astronomers have observed that on other heavenly bodies with solid surfaces, Mercury, Venus, Mars, and the moon, there is little to no crustal movement as there is on the Earth. This observation points to a unique structure in the Earth, made to support life (Isaiah 45:18) before it became upset in the global flood. This is not surprising because the ground itself was cursed by God when said: “And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast harkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life” (Genesis 3:17-18).


The pre-flood world had more gigantic, edible, and nutritious plants than post-flood world. Through the centuries, as genetic mutations have built up in plants, many are no longer good for food, and many have become nothing but weeds. But the Bible, in Genesis 1:29, indicates that every plant before the Flood was both edible and nutritious: “And God said, Behold, I have given you of every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of the tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.” Fossils show that before the worldwide deluge a larger abundance of plants than we can imagine flourished everywhere. In Genesis 1:12, all trees were fruit trees. Thus plants now existing only as weeds were once good for food. After the flood God allowed meat-eating partly to make up for “thorns and thistles” and other mutations making plants less useful for animal and mankind’s nutrition.


Genesis chapters four, five, and six offers an intriguing picture of life before the global worldwide flood. These chapters still remain the primary information we have about that first human civilization that was completely destroyed by the great deluge. Only from archaeological excavation dealing with post-Flood deposits and the few artifacts found deep in the fossiliferous rock strata of the Earth’s crust, can we find clues about the nature of life in that first world.

The first mighty civilization, which once thrived over much of the Earth, has been almost completely forgotten by many modern academics and science researchers. In recent years, the discovery of amazing artifacts gives us an insight into the remarkable technological skills of pre-flood humanity. While the scientific data remains controversial, the evidence convey that pre-flood people were far from brutish primitives that Darwinists believe them to be. The pre-flood world was substantially different from our world today.

According to Genesis chapters one and two, the Earth’s waters were stored “above the firmament (expanse),” in the form of a vast blanket or canopy of invisible water vapor – producing a marvelous “greenhouse effect.” This produced a uniformly mild, warm climate all year long with no wind or rainstorms. Lush vegetation and abundant animal life flourished. This canopy, with a radiation-filtering effect caused the gigantism and longevity that researchers observed in early plants and ancient animals. The existence of this pre-flood canopy was probably the key factor accounting for pre-flood patriarchal longevity (Genesis 5:5-27).  Additionally, the purity of the human genetic system and its bloodstream, with so few accumulated mutant genes, together with the primeval absence of disease-producing organisms served to maintain health and longevity.

According to Genesis chapter five, the patriarchs had many hundreds of years to beget sons and daughters. It is reasonable and very conservative to estimate the population at about seven billion at the time of the worldwide flood. During the first generation, all marriages were brother-sister unions. There were no mutant genes in the genetic systems; therefore, no harm would have resulted. Many generations after the great flood, during the time of Moses, mutations had accumulated, making such unions genetically dangerous – incestuous relationships thereafter became dangerous and was against the Mosaic laws.

Along with population increase, the technological and cultural levels of the pre-flood civilization seem to have been very high. Metal tools and implements of all kinds, and even musical instruments, were available to produce creature comforts, and to stimulate the emotional and esthetic senses. The pre-flood engineers were master builders in megalithic architecture. They built magnificent smooth pyramid and step pyramids with deep complex mathematical sophistication. Although the pyramids of Egypt and Babylon are post-flood achievements, they reflect pre-flood technology.  Therefore, pre-flood humanity’s achievements could have been used for good purposes, but they eventually became an end in themselves because they were used as a means of further rebellion against God.

RELATED SOURCES: The Genesis Record by Henry Morris. Halley’s Bible Handbook by Henry Halley; Three Views on Creation and Evolution by J.P. Morland & J.M. Reynolds; Understanding Creation by Mark Worthon & Hill Roberts; Understanding The Bible by Kendell H. Easley; The Dead Sea Scrolls by Craig A. Evans; Christian Apologetics by Doug Powell; Theories of the Universe by Gary F. Moring; String Theory by George Musser; The New Answers by Ken Ham; Biblical Creationism by Henry Morris; Genesis Conflict by Walter Veith, Unformed and Unfilled by Dr. Weston Fields; Creation by Dr. Grant Jeffrey; Starlight and Time by Dr. Russell Humphreys; Panorama of Creation by Dr. Carl Baugh; Speed of Light by Barry Setterfield.




Old earth creation science theory argues for the existence of deep time and it accepts mainstream scientific evidence about the age of the universe, earth, and life. This theory maintains that the earth and the universe were created by the God. This theory reinterprets the biblical descriptions for creation history in the book of Genesis in order to fit real-world facts presented by mainstream science. Although its believers frequently do not accept flood geology they generally do believe in some form of a biblical flood. Old earth creationists reject Darwinism, but embrace natural selection and genetic mutations as the facilitator of plant and animal variation.  Old earth creation science researchers believe that mainstream science does not conflict with the Genesis creation account.


According to many old earth creation science researchers, the word “day” has variable meanings. In 1:5 it is used as a term for light. In 1:8 and 1:13 it seems to mean a day of 24 hours. In 1:14 and 1:16 it seems to refer to a 12-hour day. In 2:4 it seems to cover the whole period of creation. In passages such as Joel 3:18, Acts 2:20, and John 16:23, “that day” seems to mean the whole Christian era. In passages such as 2 Timothy 1:12 the expression seems to refer to the era beyond the Lord’s Second Coming. And in Psalm 90:4 and 2 Peter 3:8, “With the Lord a day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like one day.”


The Holy Scriptures begin with the creation of the universe: “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” (Genesis 1:1 NIV). This single verse describes the actual transformation of invisible energy into all of the fundamental physical forms of matter (as summarized in Albert Einstein’s famous E=mc2 equation) that would be transformed into moons, planets, stars, galaxies, and everything else – including humankind. Cosmologists, Astronomers, and astrophysicists now estimate that this creation event took place approximately 10 to 15 billion years ago.

The next verse describes the earth following its creation and long after the creation of the universe: “Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and The Spirit of God was hovering over the waters” (Genesis 1:2 NIV). Astronomers and astrophysicists estimate the age of the earth to be around 5 to 4.5 billion years old – leaving an estimated 10 billion years between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2.

The universe as it exists was not produced by some cosmic accident. The conditions of creation were intricately planned and considered. A mindless uncontrolled “big bang” would result in destruction and chaos, not the life and order we now observe. On the other hand, a great initial expansion of physical matter that had just been transformed from pure energy, followed by orderly development (from natural laws put into force beforehand by the Creator: gravitational force, electromagnetic force, strong nuclear force, and weak nuclear force) of stars, galaxies and everything else, is reasonable, rational, and logical, according Biblical Scholar Dr. Wayne Blank. Therefore, what follows, in the “seven days,” is a description of the forming of substance already created in preparation for the creation of Humankind.


On the first day, God said “Let there be light” (Genesis 1:3 NIV). The sun was already shining brightly, but God made the earth’s thick new atmosphere allow diffuse light to penetrate to the surface. And so it was that the light was made separate from darkness. The first day of earth’s creation was literally the first “day” as someone on earth’s surface would experience it – a period of opaque light, and a period of darkness (Genesis 1:3-5 NIV).

We learn that God’s creative power is manifested by simply speaking. His first creative word called forth light in the midst of darkness. In John 1:1-2 we learn that the “Word” (Yeshua) was in the beginning, and that the “Word” was with God and was God. John further tells us that “through him [the Word] all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made” (John 1:3 NIV). God did not just make a physical universe: “God saw all that he had made, and it was very good” (Genesis 1:31 NIV). Whatever God makes is very good indeed, because the Word through which He created all things is the very essence of goodness, beauty, and light: “In him (Yeshua) was life, and that life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness” (John 1:4 NIV), now as it did at the very beginning of creation. This day was roughly four billion years long.


On the second day, God separated the waters. There was no liquid water, no oceans. All of the water was in the form of a vapor, a worldwide super-fog, extending a number of kilometers up from the very hot bare-rock earth’s surface. God’s “hovering over the waters” in verse 2 describes His being above that gaseous-water atmosphere, not a liquid ocean. God then caused most of the water to condense onto the cooling earth which simultaneously formed a whole-planet ocean and cleared the sky (Genesis 1:6-8 NIV). The expanse, called “sky,” is the atmosphere, or layer of air between the water-covered earth and the clouds above. This day was approximately three billion years long.


On the third day, God caused the first appearance of dry ground. The further cooling of the surface set in motion a process of natural contraction, uplifting and motion of the crust. The earth changed from a smooth one-level molten “cue ball” to a planet with an irregular surface with ocean basins and landmass. With dry ground available, the first plants were made to grow in great abundance (Genesis 1:9-13). Earth’s original landmass existed as a single super-continent before it became divided into seven major continents – Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America. This day was roughly two billion years long.


On the fourth day, God allowed the sun, moon, and stars to appear. Before this day, the sun, moon, and stars were invisible. God transformed the upper atmosphere from a translucent sky into a transparent sky.    The sun, moon, and stars were to “serve as signs to mark the seasons, months, and days.” The sun measured the day (sunset to sunset), the moon measured the month (new moon to new moon), and the stars measured the seasons (Genesis 1:14-19 NIV). The appearance of the sun and the moon on the Fourth day was not a new creation. They had existed in beginning (Genesis 1:1 NIV). The words translated “made” in the 16th verse is not the same word as is translated “created” in verse one, and does not imply a “creative” act. What is meant here is that the clouds broke away and permitted the sun and moon to be seen, and that from that time they were appointed to measure the days, and years, and seasons as we have them today. This day was about one billion years long.


On the fifth day, God created flying creatures for the sky and marine animals for the ocean. This day’s work included the primeval fishes, amphibians, reptiles, mammals, and birds. The fossil record show that these creatures were larger in size probably because they lived longer in an environment designed for maximum genetic expression. God created many other life forms during the Fifth Day, but only the fishes and birds are mentioned. God blessed them and said, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth.” (Genesis 1:20-23 NKJV). Here is the first time we come across the word “CREATE” since we read of the original creation of the earth in verse one. This day was about 500 million years in duration.


On the sixth day, God created land animals and humankind. This day’s work included the creation of reptiles, mammals, flightless birds, along with sauropod and theropod dinosaurs. God reveals that each living creature on the land is created “according to their kind.” This refutes the notion that all species of animals evolved from a single, common, primeval organism. It supports the scientific evidence that living creatures have adapted over time to their environment, while there is no convincing evidence that one species of animal has evolved into another. God created humankind in His own image. God saw everything that He had made, and it was “good” (1:4, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25, 31). It is interesting to note that God declared all that he had made on the sixth day “very good” perhaps to stress the relative significance of this day in comparison to the prior days. This day was roughly 250 million years in duration.


On the Seventh Day, God concluded His work on creation; and He RESTED, not because God was tired, but because the seventh day of the creation week was a type of the Sabbath. This appears clear from Exodus 20:11 because Moses wrote that “For in six days the Lord made heaven and Earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the SEVENTH day; wherefore the Lord blessed the SABBATH day, and hallowed it.” According to the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Septuagint version of the bible, this passage says that God CEASE from working, which indicates that God was never tired, but that God only stopped working on the seventh day.


Today, many Christians embrace the Old Earth Creation theory. This theory proposes that the six creation days represent long time periods, epoch history, and lengthy geologic ages, but not 24-hour days. This theory is really the evolution doctrine wearing creation science clothing. This theory is designed to accommodate the geologic ages and it is too compatible with evolutionary religious dogma. This theory remains decorated with numerous biblical and scientific difficulties. This theory fails to accommodate the necessary symbiotic interdependent-relationships among plants (created on the third day), birds (created on the fifth day), and insects (created on the sixth day).

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Darwinism and evolutionism. Finally, we must remember that Moses wrote in Exodus 20:11 that in six days God created the Heavens and Earth and all physical existence.


Creation; Dr. Grant R. Jeffrey; 2003. Genesis One; Dr. Gerald Schroeder With Zola Levitt; 1998. Genesis and The Big Bang; Gerald L. Schroeder, Ph.D.;1992. Starlight and Time; D. Russell Humphreys, Ph.D.; 1990. Rethinking Genesis; Duane Garrett; 2000. The English Septuagint Version, Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton; 1851. The New King James Version; Thomas Nelson; 1982. The Signature of God; Grant R. Jeffrey; 2010. Three Views on Creation and Evolution; J.P. Morland & John Mark Reynolds; 1999. Unveiling Mysteries of the Bible; Grant. R. Jeffrey; 2002.




Today, there is much belief in the likelihood of life existing on other planets. Many astronomers are “listening” for a “message” from outer space. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, great excitement was stirred up by the media over some microscopic speck of dust on a meteor, which some scientist declared proved life existed on Mars and other planets.

Many Christian either reject the belief in the possibility of extraterrestrial life for some vague theological reason, while a few Christians believe in life in outer space because of information found in the Holy Scriptures.

The Bible teaches its readers that God created heavenly angels and that some angels rebel and continue to exist in rebellion (Ezekiel 28 and Isaiah 14). In Isaiah 14:12-14 we read “How you have fallen from heaven, O morning star, son of the dawn! You have been cast down to the earth, you who once laid low the nations! You said in your heart, “I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God; I will sit enthroned on the mount of assembly, on the utmost heights of the sacred mountain. I will ascend above the tops of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.” Therefore, it may not be unreasonable to assume that some extraterrestrial influence was responsible for a destruction of the original pre-flood planet earth.

The Bible says much about “this visited planet.” It seems that before Noah’s flood, evil’s spread upon the earth was encouraged by “extraterrestrial visitors” from outer space for we read, “When men began to increase in number on the earth and daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were beautiful, and they married any of them they chose. Then the LORD said, “My Spirit will not contend with man forever, for he is mortal; his days will be a hundred and twenty years.” The Nephilim were on the earth in those days–and also afterward–when the sons of God went to the daughters of men and had children by them. They were the heroes of old, men of renown. The LORD saw how great man’s wickedness on the earth had become, and that every inclination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil all the time.” Gen.6:1-5.

Here we find beings called “The sons of God”; the first suggestion of a shortened life-span; and the Nephilim. “The Nephilim were on the earth in those days–and also afterward-” Notice “those days” before the flood, “and also afterwards” and we shall indeed “also” find them on this side of the flood. The Hebrew word Nephilim means “The Fallen Ones”, not just in a spiritual sense but that they literally “fell down from above”, descended from the sky. Gen.6:4. This passage suggests that the Nephilim either originated from another solar system or other dimension.

The actual word “Nephilim” only occurs three times in Scripture, we learn in Josh.14:15 that a certain “Arba” “was the greatest man among the Anakim” and in 15:13 that he was “the father of Anak”. In Num.13:33 we learn that the sons of Anak are descended from the Nephilim. This is the “also afterwards” – well after the flood that had destroyed “all flesh”, yet these descendants of the Nephilim are present again.  There is no logic in the claim some make, that they were descendants of Seth.

They were a large and great people or “giants” as King James Version (KJV) Bible translates them. Actually, the whole of the “promised land” seemed to have been taken over by these peoples at a very early time with the Rephaim in the north, then the Zuzim and the Emim, with the Horim in the south. Og and his kingdom of Bashan are often mentioned, was the northern area, the area of the Rephaim or Giants. We are also given the dimensions of some of their equipment and furniture that confirms that “giants” means their physical size and not a title of respect for their prowess.

All these groups seem to have been related, but were named variously, by the “human” population. The descendants of Adam in accordance with God’s plans gradually over-threw and destroyed “the giants”. The Ammonites over-throw the Zuzim and the Moabites the Emim while Edom embraced the mountains of the Horim. Gen.14:5; Deu.2:10 and 11. The name Emim was given by the Moabites and meant “The Terrible”. These hybrid races, obviously an abomination and in rebellion to the divine purpose, also received special attention from the Lord that led to their final extermination, see Deu.2:21 and 22. Thus, it seems that even though all the beings on earth were destroyed by the Noah’s Flood before more of their kind visited humanity on earth again after the flood to try again to continue their evil purpose.

The two “Goliaths” of Scripture were of these people. Goliath of Gath whom David slew while still a youth, was roughly 10 feet tall. 1 Sam.17:4-7. Then there was a lesser known Goliath the Gittite who had a brother, Lahmi, “the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam”. 1 Chron.20:4-8. There was also another character at this time, unnamed, but we are told he had “six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot” v.6. We are then told that all these fellows “descended from the giants in Gath”. v.8. Therefore, they were all relatives and it seems with Gath as some sort of “headquarters”.

The reference in 2 Samuel is a parallel account to the one in 1 Chron.20:4-8, in fact it almost reads word for word. These accounts speak of several battles and the “giants” encountered, their names are Saph or Sippai whom Sibbecai the Hushathite killed. Another, Ishbi-Benob whose bronze spearhead weighed about 3.5 kilograms, Abishai son of Zeruiah slew. The other Goliath and his brother Lahmi who “had a spear with a shaft like a weaver’s rod”, Elhanan slew, according to the Samuel record. 2 Sam.21:22 says “These four were born to the giants in Gath, and they fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants.” Also mentioned in 2 Sam.21:20 the “huge man” with “six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot”.

If we study “context” rather than the “texts” we will not be misled. On the occasion of the slaying of the second Goliath, David was King about the time he “numbered Israel”, the next recorded event. 1 Chron.21:1-8. In David’s earlier, better known encounter with Goliath of Gath, he was still a shepherd boy, as mentioned earlier.

Another well know biblical “giant” was Og, king of Bashan, referred to earlier. Og gets notable mention 22 times from Numbers to the Psalms. We learn in Deut.3:11 that he was, by this time, “the only (northern) survivor of the giants” (Gath was in the south), and that Og’s “bedstead was an iron bedstead” and super “King Size” “it’s length was 9 cubits (13.5 feet) and it’s width 4 cubits (6 feet), which indicates that King Og was probably 12 feet tall. His repeated mention in the narrative and victory poems suggests that he was an extraordinarily formidable foe in combat.

The one “common denominator” of all these beings was their great size, physical prowess and opposition to God’s plans. In the first account in Genesis 6 the term “sons of God” and what they were called, seems to indicate the extra-terrestrial origin of the “Nephilim”. A lengthily account in the apocryphal Book of Enoch, quoted in part by Jude v.6,14,15 and another reference by Peter, 2 Pe.2:4,5, already quoted above, leaves little doubt that the term “sons of God” in Gen.6:1-4 refers to beings of human form, but not of the descendants of Adam, who bred into the human race. Their off-spring “were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown” verse four. The very next verse indicates great wickedness on the earth due to the influence of these “visitors” who “came down” and their offspring.

Considering in more detail the suggestion that the Nephilim were “not of this planet” is that Gen.6:4 records that “the Nephilim were on the earth in those days and also afterwards, when the sons of God came into the daughters of men and they bore children to them.” Now “those days” were the days before the flood of Noah and it was the sinfulness of those days that caused the Lord to say “I will blot out man whom I have created from the face of the land…” v.7, and God said He would destroy “all flesh in which is the breath of life, from under heaven, everything that is on the earth shall perish.” v.17. Long after that event we find in Num.13:33 that the Nephilim are here again. “And we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers and so we were in their sight.” Their presence in the Promised Land caused enough fear and doubt in the Israelite camp to cost them another 40 years in the wilderness because many of these giants were roughly 12 feet tall, according to archaeological finds.

As mentioned earlier, after Israel was established these hybrid beings were methodically destroyed.  It was as though they represented a threat to the descendants of Adam, which I suggest, in fact, they did.  The story of David and Goliath was only one example of removing that threat. As a result of the fall and the corruption of humanity in God’s “likeness and image”, God made Satan a promise, “I will put enmity between you and the woman and between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, and you shall bruise him on the heel.” Gen.3:15. We will later make a short study of Genealogies and the laws of marriage God imposed to further illustrate this point, but for now let us say that the subsequent later contamination of the human race by inter-marriage with Satan’s seed may have been an effective way of attempting to circumvent the divine judgment.

Looking at Gen.6 may help us see more than mere conjecture in that thought. The Bible says that “Noah found favor in the eyes of the Lord.” The reason is interesting. According to the New International Version (NIV) Bible: “But Noah found favor in the eyes of the LORD. This is the account of Noah. Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time, and he walked with God.” Gen.6:8,9

“This is the account of Noah” more correctly reads, “These are the records of the generations of Noah.” Now if you go back to chapter 5 you will see to what this statement refers. Noah’s pedigree is carefully listed all the way from Adam to Noah and his three sons. It is interesting that at the end of a most precisely dated and detailed record of births and deaths, Noah is suddenly the father of 3 sons in his 500th year. What is important here and the one thing of which we can be sure. Noah is a true descendant of Adam, able to trace his ancestry, his family tree, by accurate record back to the father of the race. He was “perfect in his generations”. “Noah was a righteous man,” This is his only Character Reference. Not repeated 3 times as some teach. “Blameless in his time”; This is the Key. If we look at another equally valid rendering of this statement it can read “complete”, “perfect” or “having integrity” in his generations” note the plural, “generations” as in the KJV. Noah had a truly human family tree, it contained no hybrids of the Nephilim.

Noah “walked with God.” This was his Lifestyle. He walked with God and believed God but was human, remember how he “slipped” after the flood? Gen.9:20-24.  The word “blameless” in phrase 3 is a poor choice as Noah’s righteousness and walk is clearly stated in phrases 2 and 4 however, phrase 3 points us to phrase 1 and the previous chapter, Noah had a “perfect” pedigree. The record of his “generations” was complete, had integrity, no alien mixtures. The ideas of perfection and completeness would hardly be applied to his character no matter how upright he may have been, he was human as we have already mentioned.  Again, the word “time” is not a good translation of the Heb. “dor” which contains the idea of “posterity” and is translated “generations” (pedigree) over 100 times in the KJV.

Thus, the correct meaning of the passage is that Noah was set apart from the rest of mankind for the following reasons: first, Noah had uncorrupted human DNA or genes; second, He was a righteous man; third, “walked with God”.

To preserve the Human genetic “blood-line” and the validity of the “promise” to Satan, drastic steps were necessary. Noah and his family had to be taken away from the contagion of the evil genes that were contaminating mankind and inviting God’s judgment, the destruction of “all flesh”. We know the story of how this was accomplished and if we read the very detailed record of Genesis chapters 6, 7, and 8 we will need a vivid imagination indeed to believe that this was just a local flood as some expositors would suggest. Both Messiah Yeshua and Peter apparently believed the record. Read Matt.24:38, 39; Lu.17:26,27; 1 Pe.3:20; 2 Pe.2:5. Peter says twice that only 8 survived.

After the flood there was almost a replay of the instructions given at Eden, with God giving Noah “dominion”. Read Gen.9:1-19 “be fruitful and multiply: populate the earth abundantly and multiply in it”.

A long time has passed, over 1000 years, in Num.13:33 The Nephilim are here again. It is hard to explain this “Return of the Nephilim” other than that they were extra-terrestrial in their origins and that their presence among the “children of Adam” brought about biological changes that distinguished these “offspring” from the rest of humankind at the time. Those were the giants, “the mighty men of old, men of renown.” Gen.6:4.

There seemed to be no “continuing presence” as this “second invasion” was systematically stamped out and the evidence suggests – as far as we can tell, when this second attempt was destroyed the tactics were changed. There are some who believe descendants of the Nephilim still exist in the North and South Poles deep underground.

It is of little consequence as once God’s Son was born of true Human descent on His human side, the overthrow of Satan, as promised in Eden, was assured. The Seed of the woman shall crush the serpent’s head. Yeshua, on the cross, declared, “It is finished!”.

Finally, after the Victory of Calvary and the Resurrection of the foretold Savior/Messiah, the fulfillment of the “promise” given in Eden was inevitable. This does not mean that evil beings not privy to the innermost secrets of God’s plans might not try again, perhaps in many different ways to corrupt and mislead mankind further. If there is any truth in the many reports of “Encounters of a Third Kind” we need to beware and remember the Nephilim. They came down, from the sky. They were the original “alien intrusion” of this planet during the pre-flood and early post-flood eras. A few eschatologists argue that the Nephilim hybrids are appearing today as normal size human beings with superior intelligence and this will continue until Messiah Yeshua returns to fight them at Armageddon.


King James Version Bible; 2000. New King James Version Bible; 2000. New International Version Bible; 2000. Who were the Giants?;  Keith Relf and others; 2001.The Book Of Enoch. The Book Of Jubilees. The Book of Jasher.




“A champion named Goliath, who was from Gath, came out of the Philistine camp. His height was six cubits and a span. He had a bronze helmet on his head and wore a coat of scale armor of bronze weighing five thousand shekels on his legs he wore bronze greaves, and a bronze javelin was slung on his back. His spear shaft was like a weaver’s rod, and its iron point weighed six hundred shekels.His shield bearer went ahead of him.” (1-Samuel 17:4-8).

According to the Holy Scriptures, Goliath was three meters tall (9 feet 9 inches tall). However, liberal scholars and secular academics say they have found ”older” versions of the Holy Bible that said goliath was only over two meters tall (6 feet 9 inches tall); therefore, which version of the truth should we believe?

Analysis of the historical evidence derived from the Holy Scriptures, Septuagint, Dead Sea Scrolls, and Flavius Josephus indicates Goliath was approximately nine feet tall. Goliath was a gigantic soldier from Gath, in Philistia, who, as representative of the Philistines, challenged the Israelites to send a champion warrior against him so that the issue of the war between the two tribes might be settled by a battle of champions. Goliath was a skilled warrior who probably killed many men in single combat because the biblical writers describe him as a champion warrior. Goliath was killed by a stone thrown from David’s sling, the youthful champion of the Israelites and their greatest warrior king (1 Samuel 17:50). Elsewhere in the Old Testament Hebrew Scriptures, Goliath’s brother was also a giant and he was killed by Elhanan, who was an Israelite warrior in the service of David (see 2 Samuel 21:19,1 Chronicles 20:5).

According to the Septuagint Greek Bible of 275 BC, the Dead Sea Scrolls narratives of 200 BC, and the writings of historian Flavious Josephus of AD 100, the height of Goliath was “four cubits and a span, which makes the giant warrior about six feet nine inches tall assuming that all ancient cubits were only 18 inches in length and all spans were exactly nine inches long or a half a cubit in length. However, many of these ancient sources based their measurements upon the 24 inch cubit. Therefore, four 24 inch cubits would equal eight feet and one span would equal 12 inches, which makes Goliath about nine feet tall.

Additionally, many modern English Bibles were translated from the Hebrew Masoretic Bible in tenth century CE. The Masoretic Bible used an 18 inch cubit for most of its measurements. Hence, six cubits would equal nine feet and one span would equal nine inches. Thus, the weight of biblical and historical evidence indicates that Goliath was somewhere between nine feet and nine feet nine inches in height. Therefore, the Masoretic Hebrew Bible concurs with earlier versions of the Holy Scriptures.

According to some medical professionals, Goliath probably suffered from pituitary gigantism. Many people who have this disease can reach heights around 7’6” and 8’6.” If people with pituitary gigantism are not treated with modern medicine, they can grow to a hieght above nine feet. Many pitutary giants are healthy and strong in their 20s and 30s, but become very weak by their early 40s and usually die in their mid-40s or early 50s. Andre’ the Giant (7 feet 5 inches), Leonid Staknyd (7 feet 7 inches), and Robert Wadlow (8 feet 11 inches) are good examples of pituitary Giants. However, today many healthy people who are genetic giants grow to be taller than 7 feet such as Shakiel O’Neal (7 feet 1 inches), Yao Ming (7 feet 5 inches), Neil Fingleton (7 feet 7 inches); therefore, it is possible that Goliath was a genetic giant and not a pituitary giant.


The biblical cubit was derived from a unit of linear measure used by many ancient and medieval peoples. The cubit originated in Egypt about 3000 BC; it thereafter appeared everywhere throughout the ancient world. The cubit, generally was usually somewhere between 18 to 24 inches in length because it was based on the length of the arm from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger and was considered the equivalent of 6 palms or 2 spans. The Egyptian cubit was usually larger and about 24 inches long.


Halley’s Bible Handbook; Henry H. Halley; 1965. The Bible; Jim Bell and Stan Campbell; 1999. The Complete Guide To The Bible; Stephen Miller; 2007. The Complete Guide To Bible Prophecy; Stephen Miller; 2010.




The Holy Bible says much about the Supernatural Universe. We should all learn what the Bible reveals about the “Supernatural Universe.” There is a relationship between the “Natural” Universe and the “Spirit” Universe. However, the dividing line is our “physical” bodies. The three heavens (2 Corinthians 12:2-4) are decorated with Spirit Beings. The Holy Scriptures reveal two angelic groups, good and evil. They are described as Seraphim, Cherubim, Principalities, Powers, Age Rulers of Darkness, Wicked Spirits, (Ephesians. 6:12), Thrones, Dominions, (Colossians 1:16) Fallen Angels, (2 Peter. 2:4) Spirits in Prison, (1Peter. 3:18-20) Demons, and Seducing Spirits (1 Timothy 4:1).

The Seraphim have three pair of wings. They are the Lord of Hosts’ attendants and they call attention to His holiness (Isaiah 6:1-3). While The Cherubim or living creatures, as described in Ezekiel 1:4-6 and Ezekiel 10:1-3 have only two pair of wings, they have four faces on their head, the front face of a man, the right side of a lion, the left side of an ox (calf), and the back of an eagle. They also have the “hand of a man” under their wings on each of their four sides. They are the guardians of God’s throne.

The Four Beasts or Living Creatures found in Revelation 4:6-8 differ from the living creatures described by Ezekiel, in that each Beast instead of having four faces has but one. The first Beast has the face of a lion, the second that of a calf, the third that of a man, and the fourth that of a flying eagle, and each “Beast” has “six wings” and “eyes before and behind.” The mention of a “Rainbow” by both Ezekiel and John (Ez. 1:28, Rev. 4:3) identifies the two visions as relating to the Throne of God.

The Seraphim and Cherubim and angels, and all other heavenly supernatural beings are created beings. They did not exist from all eternity (Colossians 1:16). God first created billions and probably trillions of angels to occupy the supernatural dimensions paralleling the physical universe. In other words, angels are many in number (Hebrews12:22). They are “mighty in power” but they are not omnipotent (2Thesselonians 1:7). They excel in supernatural and natural physical strength. For example, one angel destroyed 185, 000 warriors of the Assyrian Army during a single night of battle. An angel rolled away the stone from Messiah Yeshua’s tomb, and one angel will bind Satan and cast him into the Bottomless Pit, located in the spiritual dimension of the Earth’s center. They are beings of light (Luke 9:26), and have great wisdom and knowledge, but they are not omniscient. They neither marry nor are given in marriage (Matthew. 22:30); however, this fact does not mean that they are “sexless” and have no reproductive and procreative capability. All the angels in the Holy Scriptures are described as men, and they were originally created in massive numbers because they are immortal (Luke 20:36). Therefore, they have no need for procreation, but the fact that they have such power seems confirmed in Genesis 6:1-4, where we are told that the “Sons of God” (angels), had intercourse with the “daughters of men (human women), ” and the result was a hybrid race of violent gigantic warriors, which caused God to send the global flood. From this we see that the angels-can sin.

The Angels are Ministering Spirits to them who are heirs of salvation, (Hebrews 1:13; Hebrews 1:14), and they are the executioners of God’s wrath on the wicked (2Thessalonians. 1:7-8). They will gather the elect of Israel from the four corners of the Earth, (Matthew 24:31), and are commissioned to supply the physical needs of God’s people ( Matthew 4,11;1Kings 19:4-6).

Demons are not angels. They are “disembodied Nephilim spirits beings who were destroyed during the global flood. This is plausible theory because they seek to re-embody themselves in human beings. When a person becomes possessed by these beings, they reflect the strength, power, and intellect of these demonic pre-flood beings. Demons are wicked, unclean, vicious, and have power to derange both mind and body (Matthew 12:22; Isaiah: 22; Luke 4:35; Luke 8:26-28; Luke 9:42). They are the “Familiar Spirits” of the Old Testament, and the “Seducing Spirits” of which Paul warned Timothy. 1Timothy 4:1.


There are three prominent angels spoken of in the Holy Bible: Michael, Gabriel, and Satan.  Michael is mentioned three times in Daniel (Daniel 10:13, Daniel 10:21; Daniel 12:1), where he is called a “Prince” who stands for Daniel’s Jewish people. He is called in Jude 9 the Archangel. In Revelation 12:7, he is seen commanding the Angelic “Army of Heaven. His work seems to be to deliver God’s people, particularly the Jews, from Satan’s destructive power, and finally to oust the great adversary of God and man from the Second Heaven, and cast the enemy down to the Earth (Revelation 12:7-9). He also has something to do with the dead’s resurrection, for he is associated with the “Resurrection mentioned in Daniel 12:1, Daniel 12:2, and he contested with the Devil about Moses’ resurrection, (Jude 9) and the “voice” of the Archangel that will be heard when the dead in Messiah Yeshua will rise, (1Thessalonians 4:16), will be the Michael’s voice, for he is the only Archangel mentioned in the Bible. Furthermore, within the apocryphal Book of Enoch, Michael is one of four (Enoch 9:1; 40:9) or of seven (20:1-7) special angels or “archangels.” In Enoch, in the War Scroll (of the Dead Sea Scrolls), and in other inter-testamental literature, Michael regularly is presented either as the champion of the cause of the righteous or as the patron angel of Israel.

Gabriel is mentioned by name in the Holy Scriptures. Gabriel appeared in human form to Daniel to reveal to him the meaning of a vision, to show what would transpire on the Day of Judgment, and to give Daniel wisdom and understanding (Daniel 8:16;9:21-22). In the New Testament Gabriel appeared to Zechariah the priest as he served in the temple, to announce the birth of Zechariah’s son, John the Baptist (Luke 1:11-20). Six months later Gabriel appeared to Mary to announce that she would become the mother of Jesus, the long-awaited Messiah (1:26-33). Gabriel is commonly called an archangel but is not referred to that way in the Bible. There is an abundance of material about Gabriel in the non-canonical writings (not included in the Christian Bible) of the Jews. In the books of Enoch Gabriel is pictured as one of the four chief angels, along with Michael, Raphael, and Uriel (1 Enoch 40:3). He is one of the holy angels (1 Enoch 20:7) who looks down from heaven and is an intercessor (Enoch 9:1; 40:6; 21:3). He is to destroy the wicked (1 Enoch 9:9-10) and cast them into the furnace (1 Enoch 54:6) and is set over all powers (1 Enoch 40:9). Michael sits at God’s right hand, and Gabriel sits on the left (2 Enoch 24:1). Michael, as guardian angel of Israel (see Daniel 12:1) and a high priest of heaven, is more occupied with affairs in heaven, but Gabriel is God’s messenger who goes from heaven to execute God’s will on earth. His position in heaven is lofty, for he said of himself to Zacharias “I am Gabriel that Stand in the Presence of God.”

We mention Satan last not because he is the least of the three angels, for in many ways he is the greatest among them, but because of his evil character. He is the source of all the anarchy and rebellion in the Universe. Satan is a spirit being who is the enemy of God. Satan wants to stop God’s plans and tempt people to disobey God’s commands. Satan is seldom mentioned in the Old Testament. He is described as an angel who acts as the heavenly prosecutor (Job 1:6-12, 2:1-7 and Zechariah 3:1-2). He is called “the satan” or “the accuser,” and there is nothing in the context to indicate that the angel is evil. It is not until the late Old Testament period that Satan appears as a tempter. In 1 Chronicles 21:1, the story of 2 Samuel 24:1 is retold with Satan described as an evil figure. Some people think Lucifer in Isaiah 14:12 is a reference to Satan, but the context is clearly referring to the king of Babylon. Because of this, it is unlikely that any reference to Satan was intended. Because he is not mentioned that often, the Old Testament does not have a developed doctrine of Satan. However, the Old Testament does contain the raw material that was the source of later doctrines.

The Jews further developed the idea of Satan during the period between the Old and New Testaments. They also called him Belial, Mastema, and Sammael. Three different conceptions of Satan appear during this time. First, the Satan of the Old Testament reappears in the roles of tempting people, of accusing them in heaven before God, and of hindering God’s saving plan (Jubilees 11:5; Jubilees 17:16, Assumption of Moses 17 and 1 Enoch 40:7). Second, the Dead Sea Scrolls describe Satan as the leader of the evil forces and a spirit who attacks the righteous. This belief was probably influenced by the concept of the evil god in the Zoroastrian religion. However, unlike the Zoroastrian idea, the Dead Sea Scrolls never present two gods battling against each other. Instead, one God created both Belial and the Prince of Light, who is sure to win in the end, for God is with him. Third, in some of these writings, Satan is often identified with Old Testament stories where his name was absent. For instance, he lusted after Eve and therefore caused the fall (Wisdom of Solomon 2:24), he controls the angels who fell in Genesis 6:1-4 (Jubilees 10:5-8; 19:28), and he is a fallen angel himself (2 Enoch 29:4).

The New Testament has a developed portrayal of Satan, and he comes with a whole list of names. These include Satan, the devil, Belial, Beelzebul, the Adversary, the Dragon, the Enemy, the Serpent, the Tester, and the Wicked One. Satan is often described as the ruler of a host of angels (Matthew 25:41) and the controller of the world (Luke 4:6, Acts 26:18, 2 Corinthians 4:4), who especially governs all people who are not Christians (Mark 4:15, John 8:44, Acts 13:10 and Colossians 1:13). He is opposed to God, and he wants to alienate all people from God. Because of this, he is an especially dangerous enemy of Christians (Luke 8:33, 1 Corinthians 7:5 and 1 Peter 5:8). Christians must resist him and see through his cunning (2 Corinthians 2:11, Ephesians 6:11 and James 4:7). Satan works his evil will by tempting people (John 13:2 and Acts 5:3), by hindering God’s workers (1 Thessalonians 2:18), by accusing Christians before God (Revelation 12:10), and by controlling the evil people who resist the message of the gospel (2 Thessalonians 2:9, Revelation 2:9, 13 and 13:2).

Finally, the New Testament teaches us that Satan, who has been evil from the beginning (1 John 3:8), has now been defeated because of Yeshua’s life, ministry, death, burial, and resurrection (Luke 10:18, Matthew 20-28,  and Revelation 12 ). While Satan is still a dangerous enemy, Yeshua himself prays for us and has given us the powerful weapons of prayer, faith, and his blood. Satan can still cause physical illness when God allows him to (2 Corinthians 12:7), and people can be delivered over to him for punishment (1 Corinthians 5:5 and 1 Timothy 1:20). However, Satan will always be under God’s control, and the Bible tells us that God will eventually destroy him (Romans 16:20 and Revelation 20:10).


Halley’s Bible Handbook by Henry Halley; Three Views on Creation and Evolution by J.P. Morland & J.M. Reynolds; Understanding Creation by Mark Worthon & Hill Roberts; Understanding The Bible by Kendell H. Easley; The Dead Sea Scrolls by Craig A. Evans; Christian Apologetics by Doug Powell. Dispensational Truth by Rev. Clarence Larkin.





According to the most ancient historians, a prince named Acmon, Maneus’ son, led the nation of Gomarian Sacae giants that seized Cappadocia and Pontus. Not many years after these conquests he passed over the river Halis and made incursions into Greater Phrygia. Following his land grabs in Asia Minor, Acmon and his tall subjects built at least two cities, Themicyra, on the southern shores of the Black Sea, and Acmonia, near the river Thermodon. The first historians also declare that the Gomarian giants who followed Acmon into Asia Minor worshipped him as the “Most High” god, and in both Cappadocia and Phrygia they consecrated woods and groves to him.


Ahiman was one of three giant brothers whose great stature so terrified ten of the men Moses sent to spy out Canaan that they later persuaded the Hebrews not to attack. The three brothers apparently ruled the Anakim nation from Hebron, which was later captured by Caleb. Of the three, ancient rabbinical tradition holds that Ahiman was the most feared.


The Amorites, probably the most numerous people in Canaan at the time of Israel’s invasion, were near giants in both stature and strength. Their hugeness is confirmed by these words that the prophet Amos later wrote: “Thus says the Lord, ‘… It was I who destroyed the Amorite before them, though his height was like the height of cedars and he was strong as the oaks.'”


After Debir fell to them, Joshua’s legions attacked and completely destroyed nearby Anab, which the giant Anakim occupied. The city’s name still survives today as Khirbet Anab, which is located about thirteen miles southwest of Hebron.


Deuteronomy 3:4 states that the Argob, which Jair seized from the giant King Og, contained sixty cities built by the huge Rephaim. To those who never saw it, it seemed incredible that an oval-shaped district only twenty-two miles long and fourteen wide could accommodate that many cities. But archaeologists and other travelers to that region can still vouch for it. For the ruins, even after all these centuries, not only remain, but, in fact, still stand in a great state of preservation. “The streets,” observes Cyril Graham, “are perfect, the walls perfect, and, what seems more astonishing, the stone doors are still hanging on their hinges. . . . Some of these gates are large enough to admit of a camel passing through them, and the doors are of proportionate dimensions, some of the stones of which they are formed being eighteen inches in thickness. The roofs also are formed of huge stone slabs resting on the massive walls.

All betoken the workmanship of a race endowed with powers far exceeding those of ordinary men; and [all] give credibility to the supposition that we have in them the dwellings of the giant race that occupied that district before it was invaded by the Israelites. We could not help being impressed with the belief that had we never known anything of the early portion of Scripture history before visiting this country, we should have been forced to the conclusion that its original inhabitants, the people who had constructed those cities, were not only a powerful and mighty nation, but individuals of greater strength than ourselves.”


Benaiah, one of David’s mighty men, reportedly killed two Ariels from Moab. Ariels, according to the King James Version, were “lion-like men,” that is, their human features still retained some resemblance to the lion. This may have been due to genetic manipulation by fallen angels.  “Benaiah was the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man from Kabzeel, who had done many deeds. He had killed two lion-like heroes (men) of Moab. He also had gone down and killed a lion in the midst of a pit on a snowy day. 21 And he killed an Egyptian, a spectacular man. The Egyptian had a spear in his hand; so he went down to him with a staff, wrested the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand, and killed him with his own spear” (2 Samuel 23:20-21).

Arioch, the Giant King: King of Ellasar, who with three other kings captured five cities and took a number of prisoners, including Abraham’s nephew Lot (Genesis 14:1-16). Because of his great height he was called Arioch, which is derived from arik and means “tall among the giants.” Nebuchadnezzar’s captain of the guard (KJV) or chief executioner, who took Daniel to the Babylonian king to interpret his dream (Daniel 2:14-25). Because of his great height he was called Arioch, which is derived from arik and means “tall among the giants.”


The Raphaim were a mighty people tall in stature living in Palestine during the days of Abraham. The Rephaim, along with the Zuzim, Emim, and Horite peoples, were defeated by Kedorlaomer and his allied armies (Genesis 14:5). They were one of nine nations living in Palestine at the time when the Lord promised to give the land to Abraham’s descendants (15:20). The ancient Rephaim were called the Emim by the Moabites and the Zamzummin by the Ammonites; they were comparable in size and number to the giant Anakim (Deuteronomy 2:11, 20). Og, king of Bashan, represented the last of the Rephaim. He was later killed and his kingdom dispossessed by the Israelites under Moses (Deuteronomy 3:11; Joshua 12:4; 13:12). Perhaps the giants among the Philistines were descendants of the Rephaim (2 Samuel 21; 1 Chronicles 20).


Geographical landmark forming part of the common boundary of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin (KJV “the valley of the giants” in Joshua 15:8; 18:16); a broad valley in the southwestern outskirts of Jerusalem thought to be frequented by giants like the Anakim and the Nephilim. During David’s reign, after hearing that he had been anointed king, the Philistine armies came up from the coast to search for him in the Valley of Rephaim (2 Samuel 5:18-22; 1 Chronicles 14:9). This valley joined the Wadi Serar, which led down to the Philistine coast and was a fertile area where grain was grown (Isaiah 17:5).


Biblical Mysteries; Donald P. Ryan, Ph.D.; 2000. The Bible; Jim Bell and Stan Campbell; 1999.The Book of Enoch; R.H. Charles; 1997.The Book of Jasher; Dr. David Browns; 200.The Complete Guide to The Bible; Stephen M. Miller; 2007.The Complete Guide to Bible Prophecy; Stephen M. Miller; 2010.




The Antediluvian Age describes the pre-flood period. This period extends from the creation week (Genesis 1:2-31; Genesis 2:1-4) to the Great Flood (Genesis 7). This age lasted for roughly 10 generations. This era has been referred to by Christian eschatology experts and dispensation researchers as the age of human conscience. In other words, this period shows what humankind will do when guided only by his or her conscience. Adam and Eve, the first two human beings, had no conscience before the “the spiritual fall of humanity” (Genesis 3). Conscience is the knowledge of good and evil, and this Adam and Eve did not have until they ate of the fruit of the forbidden tree. While conscience may produce fear and remorse, it will not keep men from doing wrong, for conscience imparts no “power.”

The Lord God probably explained to Adam and Eve the significance of a “Bloody Sacrifice” for sin, but it is a remarkable fact that Adam is not mentioned in the Scriptures as offering such a sacrifice, neither is he mentioned among the list of Old Testament Hebrew Scriptural worthies recorded in Hebrews chapter 11. The list begins with Abel, who is the first one mentioned as offering up a “bloody” sacrifice. This could be a silent hint that Adam and Eve were still unrepentant long after their exclusion from the Garden?

Adam and Eve had no children before their spiritual fall. The fact that, they were created for this reproductive purpose is clear from the words God spoke to them following their creation, when He blessed them and said: “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the Earth” (Genesis 1:28). How soon after the expulsion from the Garden the first child was born to Adam and Eve we are not told. Human reproduction probably began immediately. The first child mention was a son, name Cain. The name means “gotten” or “acquired” and implies that Eve took him for the “Promised Seed.” She seems to have been disappointed, and when Abel was born she called him “vapor.” It does not follow that Abel was the second child. There may have been a number of children, both sons and daughters, born between Cain and Abel (Genesis 5:4). Cain and Abel are “Representative” men: one of the wicked line, and the other of the righteous line from Adam.

God’s curse imposed on Eve reads: “I will greatly multiply thy conception” (Genesis 3:15-16). This means that births were not only frequent, but painful as several children were born during the same time. The human race multiplied rapidly during the early pre-flood years, and for some time after the Flood.  Intermarriages among relatives and children of the same family were not forbidden until after the Flood. Genetic problems never developed among the sons and daughters of humanity because the pre-flood human beings were genetically perfect and the planet Earth was perfectly designed for optimum genetic expression during the early pre-flood generations.

Cain and Abel were not children when Cain killed Abel. They were probably over 100 years of age. Abel was a “keeper of sheep” not his father’s, but his own. He was a grown man and a cattle owner. Cain was an agriculturist and the possessor of large estates. We read that Adam was 130 years old when he begat Seth (Genesis 5:3). Seth was probably born soon after the death of Abel (Genesis 4:25). This would make Abel over 100 years of age at his death.

The death of Abel was probably due to a religious dispute between Cain and Abel on the merits of religious offerings. Abel claimed that a “Bloody Sacrifice” was necessary. Cain claimed that an offering of “works” taken from the soil which God had cursed was sufficient. They put the matter to a test. God accepted Abel’s offering and rejected Cain’s, probably answering as on Mt. Carmel by fire.

This angered Cain. He did not kill Abel that day. The Lord remonstrated with Cain and reminded him that there was still time to bring a “sin offering.” The expression “sin lay at the door” (Genesis 4:7) may be translated a “sin offering lay at the door”. But Cain would not listen and nursed his anger, possibly for a long time. One day, while alone in the field, Cain brought the subject up again, for we read that Cain talked with Abel about the matter (Genesis 4:8), and Cain’s anger became uncontrollable and he arose from the ground where they were sitting and killed his brother. The whole thing was a scheme of Satan’s to destroy Abel, through whom the “Promised Seed” was to come. That Abel was childless, at least did not have a son to succeed him, this is clear from the fact that Seth took his place.


Satan was the instigator of Abel’s murder and he was the author of Cain’s “Religion” spoken of by Jude as “The Way of Cain” (Jude 1:11).  Here we see the origination of all pagan religions. When Cain fled he took his wife with him. He did not get his wife in the land of Nod, he “knew her” there. In other words, she there conceived and bore Cain’s son, Enoch. This was not the same Enoch who was translated because he came from Seth’s line.

After the birth of Enoch, Cain began to build a city. Here we have the beginning of the city building activities. Among the Cain’s descendants were Jubal, the inventor of musical instruments, and Tubal-Cain, was a builder and worker in brass and iron. The antediluvians used their perfectly designed brains to improve and advance a “pagan civilization.” We must remember that during the antediluvian age humankind lived longer than 70 or 80 years we see in the 21st century, but some of them lived on for nearly 1000 years because their pre-flood environment was perfectly designed for optimum genetic expression, which facilitated gigantism and longevity in humans, animals, insects, and plants. This means that pre-flood humanity was mentally and physically superior to post-flood humankind. Their immense accumulation of knowledge, experience, and skill contributed to an amazing advancement in the arts and sciences that resulted in various technological inventions with great rapidity.

The pre-flood world was decorated with gigantic megalithic structures. The building of Noah’s gigantic ark illustrates pre-flood humanity’s capabilities. We have the echoes of this advance pre-flood civilization in the construction of the post-flood Tower of Babel (a gigantic step pyramid), and later Egypt’s Great Pyramid, which involved in its construction an advance knowledge of higher mathematics and astronomy the world has never  surpassed.

The outcome of that brilliant but godless pagan civilization was to promote the rapid human population increase. “Then men began to ‘multiply’ on the face of the earth”(Genesis 6:1). As a result the godly descendants of Seth were, by intermarriage, swallowed up by the godless descendants of Cain, and as the sequel shows, only eight persons were fit to be saved from that foaming sea of sin in the Ark that Noah built. In the midst of this godless and pagan civilization a startling event occurred: “the sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were beautiful; and they took wives for themselves of all whom they chose” (Genesis 6:2).

This polygamous relation was not between the “Sons of Seth” and the “Daughters of Cain,” an amalgamation of the godly and wicked people of that day, as some suppose, but it has a far deeper meaning. The expression “daughters of MEN” includes the daughters of Seth as well as the daughters of Cain, which are human females. However, the expression “Sons of God” mean beings that were different from the humankind.

The title “Sons of God” has not the same meaning in the Old Testament Hebrew Scriptures that it has in the New Testament Christian Scriptures. In the New Testament Christian Scriptures, the words “Sons of God” only apply to people who have become the “Sons of God” by the New Birth (Bible Believing Christians), according to John 1:12; Romans. 8:14-16; Galatians. 4:6; 1-John 3:1-2.

However, in the Old Testament Hebrew Scriptures the words applies to the angelic beings. The words “Sons of God” is employed twice in the Book of Genesis (Genesis 6:2-4) and three times in the Book of Job (Job 1:6, Job 2:1, Job 38:7). A “Son of God” describes a being brought into existence by God’s direct creative act. This was how God created the angels, and how God created Adam. But Adam’s natural descendants are not direct special creations of God. Adam was created in the “likeness of God” (Genesis 5:1), but his descendants were born in his likeness, for we read in Genesis 5:3, that Adam “BEGAT a son in his own likeness, after his image.” Therefore all men born of Adam and his descendants by natural generation are the “SONS OF MEN,” and it is only when a man or woman becomes “BORN AGAIN” (John 3:3-5) is he or she a “NEW CREATION” that they can become the “SONS and DAUGHTERS OF GOD,” according to the New Testament Christian Scriptures.

Now the “Sons of God” of Genesis 6:2, Genesis 6:4, could not be the “Sons of Seth” as some claim, because the “Sons of Seth” were only human males, and could only be called “Sons of MEN” not “Sons of GOD.” This proves clearly that the “Sons of God” of Genesis 6:2, Genesis 6:4, were ANGELS, and not godly descendants of Seth.

The objection to the angelic interpretation originates from Messiah Yeshua’s statement saying that “The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage. But those who are counted worthy to attain that age, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage; nor can they die anymore, for they are equal to the angels and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection” (Luke 20:34-36). While the passage implies that the angels “do not marry, ” it does not say that they are “sexless, ” for that would convey the idea that the righteous at the resurrection would also be sexless, a doctrine abhorrent to the belief that husbands and wives and brothers and sisters shall know each other “as such” in the other world.

What the passage does teach is that angels do not multiply by natural or supernatural procreation. Angels were created in large masses during the past and because they never die there is no necessity for reproductive sexual activity among them. Secondly, the bible only describes male angels, but no female angels probably because God only created male angels.  Marriage is a human institution God invented to prevent the extinction of the human race by death. What Messiah sought to teach the Sadducees was that as the resurrection would make men and women immortal there would be no occasion for the marriage relation in heaven.

However, sexual intercourse between angels and human beings is taught in Book of Genesis. We have only to turn to the Epistles of Peter and Jude for confirmation. “God spared not the ‘angels’ that sinned, but cast them down to hell (Tartarus), and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment.” 2Pet. 2:4-6. “The ‘angels’ which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains in darkness unto the judgment of the great day.” Jude 6-7. The angels here mentioned cannot be Satan’s angels, for his angels are “free.” They are not “reserved in everlasting chains in darkness, ” but are to be cast into the “Lake of Fire” (Gehenna), prepared for the Devil and his angels, when he is cast in. Matt. 25:41. These angels then must be a special class of angels, condemned for some particular sin, and when we read the context to these two passages the character of that sin is evident.

It was the sin of “Fornication and Going After ‘Strange Flesh.”‘ Jude 7. The “time” of the sin is given as just before the flood. 2Pet. 2:5. It is the same sin that caused the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, whose inhabitants demanded of Lot, the surrender of the two Angels that he had received into his home, that they might “know them, ” that is have carnal intercourse with them. 2Pet. 2:6-8. Jude 7. Gen. 19:5. The Scriptures clearly teach that angels can assume fleshly bodies and eat and drink with men. Gen. 18:1-3. So the difficulty vanishes when we see that the “Sons of God” assumed human bodies and AS MEN married the “Daughters of Men.” What the “First Estate” was that they lost we do not know. They may have been some of the angels who had already left their “first estate” of holiness and subjection to God to follow the lead of Satan. But we must not forget that as far as we know, the Garden of Eden was not destroyed until the Flood, and of the descendants of Adam doubtless lived in the vicinity, the “Heavenly Watchers, ” or keepers of the Garden, the “Sons of God” (Cherubim), Gen. 3:24, would, from time to time, see the “Daughters of Men, ” and that they left their own “Habitation” (the Garden) and mingled with the “Daughters of Men, ” thus going after “STRANGE FLESH, ” and thus losing their “First Estate” as angelic beings and guardians of the Garden.

Another argument for the support of this view is the fact that the progeny of this union was a gigantic race of “MIGHTY MEN “MEN OF RENOWN.” Genesis 6:4. Now the “godly descendants” of men have married “ungodly women, ” but their offspring have never been such “monstrosities” as the offspring of the “Sons of God” and the “Daughters of Men” of Noah’s day. The word translated “giant” means the “Fallen Ones” or the “Nephilim.” It is clear that those “Mighty Men” and “Men of Renown, ” were not the ordinary offspring of humankind, or else why did they not appear before? The “sons of Seth” and the “daughters of Cain” had doubtless often intermarried before this, but there were no such children born to them. In this irruption of angelic beings into the world of men we have the source or origin whence the classic writers of antiquity obtained their notions concerning the loves of the gods and demi-gods, and the legends of beings half human and half divine. These angels who lost their “First Estate” are the “Spirits in Prison” of whom Peter speaks in 1-Peter 3:18-20, and to whom Messiah preached, not in person, but by the Holy Spirit, through Noah, in the days before the Flood.

The outcome of this invasion of the earth by the denizens of the air was the Flood, by which the contour and elevation of the Antediluvian Earth was changed, thus wiping out the Garden of Eden. This brought to an end the “Antediluvian Age.”

In the Antediluvian Age mankind was treated as a whole. There were no nations. That Age is called in Acts 17:30, the “TIMES OF IGNORANCE, ” and is contrasted with the “Times that are NOW, ” and we are told that in that Age God “WINKED AT” what He could not “OVERLOOK” in the Legal Age. Conscience was then the standard of human conduct it was the standard by which men accused or excused themselves’ Rom. 2:15. The Sinaitic Law was not given until after the Exodus, being without Law there was no legal standard for sin, for “by the Law is the KNOWLEDGE OF SIN.” Rom. 3:20. But they were without “excuse, ” for God was very near to mankind in those days, and His voice was heard in rebuke, as to Cain (Gen. 4:14), in communion with Enoch (Gen. 5:22-24), or in counsel as with Noah. Gen. 6:3. They were therefore not without a knowledge of God, but they glorified Him not, and God “gave them over to VILE AFFECTIONS.” Their daughters to cohabit with “Fallen Angels.” The character of that age is vividly disclosed in Rom. 1:20-22. In it man proved rather to be “UNGODLY” than a sinner. , The principles which governed God’s administration of those TIMES OF IGNORANCE” would not be appropriate then in the days of Moses, when God revealed His will in “The Law.” We must then distinguish these two ages as being one “WITHOUT LAW, ” and the other “UNDER LAW.’ This therefore would affect the “Basis of judgment” in these periods. This distinction is brought out clearly in Rom. 2:12.

“For as many as have sinned ‘WITHOUT LAW’ shall also PERISH WITHOUT LAW, and as many as have sinned ‘IN THE LAW’ shall be JUDGED BY THE LAW.”

This clearly shows us that “ignorance of the Law” is no excuse and will not save us from punishment. This “Principle of Judgement” will prevail at the “Great White Throne judgment, ” when the inhabitants of both the Antediluvian and Legal ages will be judged, and doubtless will be the “Principle of judgment” for those living in this present Gospel Dispensation, for there are two classes of persons on the earth today-(1) Those who sin without knowing of God through the Gospel, and (2) Those who know of the Gospel but who have not obeyed it. 2Thes. 1:7-9.

While there was no “WRITTEN LAW” in the age before the Flood, there was an “UNWRITTEN LAW, ‘ and when the Gentiles who have not the Law, do “BY NATURE” the things contained in the Law, they show that they have the Law WRITTEN IN THEIR HEART, for not the hearers of the Law are just (justified) before God, but the “DOERS, ” or those who keep it. Rom. 2:11-13. This answers the question as to the salvation of the Heathen without the written or spoken Gospel. If they by nature seek after God, and show by their faith and conduct, according to their light, like Cornelius (Acts 10:1-3) that in their heart they have received Him, who dare say they will not be saved? But this does not excuse us from taking the Gospel to them.

Finally, the characteristics of the “Antediluvian Dispensation, ” as outlined by the late Dr. A. T. Pierson, were, “First, an advance in fullness and clearness of revelation; then gradual spiritual decline; then conformity to the world, ending with amalgamation with the world; then a gigantic civilization, brilliant but godless; then parallel development of evil and good; then an ‘Apostasy, ‘ and finally a CATASTROPHE.”




The Book of Enoch has been attributed to the prophet Enoch mentioned in Genesis chapter 5, Hebrews chapter 11, and Jude chapter 1. The Holy Scriptures mentions two Enochs.  The first Enoch was the eldest son of Cain, who built a city east of Eden in the land of Nod, and called it “after the name of his son Enoch.” This is the first “city” mentioned in Scripture. The second Enoch was the son of Jared, and father of Methuselah. The second Enoch wrote the Book of Enoch, according to the oral and written traditions.

Enoch’s father was one hundred and sixty-two years old when he was born. After the birth of Methuselah, Enoch “walked with God three hundred years,” when he was translated without experiencing physical death. His whole life on Earth was three hundred and sixty-five years. He was the “seventh from Adam”, as distinguished from the son of Cain, the third from Adam. He is spoken of in the catalogue of Old Testament worthies in the Epistle to the Hebrews. When he was translated, only Adam, so far as recorded, had as yet died a natural death, and Noah was not yet born. Mention is made of Enoch’s prophesying only in Jude 1:14.

The Book of Enoch is a collection of apocalyptic writings the lengthiest work included in the                                             Pseudepigrapha. The book is ascribed pseudonymously to the Hebrew patriarch Enoch. It is also called the Ethiopic Enoch, because it is preserved in its entirety only in Ethiopic, a Semitic language formerly spoken in Ethiopia. This book is a collection of distinct sections written by different authors at various times during the Second and First centuries BC. Scholars have concluded that the original collection was written either in Hebrew or in Aramaic. Soon afterward, it was translated into Greek. The Ethiopic translation is thought to have been made from the Greek about AD 500. Portions of the Ethiopic Enoch survive in Greek, Latin, and Aramaic, the last discovered at Qumrân, in Jordan.

The book consists of seven sections. The first section introduces the underlying theme of the book, God’s coming judgment. The second section recounts the plight of the fallen angels and Enoch’s journey into the places of final punishment and reward. The third section predicts the coming of the Messiah, who will pronounce judgment on all angels and humans. It also describes the future heavenly kingdom of God. The fourth section contains revelations about the heavenly bodies-for example, the disorders that will occur among them when the last evil days are at hand. The fifth section contains Enoch’s visions of a flood sent to punish the world for its wickedness and of the establishment afterward of the messianic kingdom. The sixth section consoles the righteous, admonishing them to remain faithful, and condemns the unjust, predicting their end. In this section, all human history is divided by Enoch into ten unequal weeks (symbolizing ten epochs), each one characterized by a special person or event-for example, the fourth week is typified by Moses; the seventh week, by a universal degeneration. In the tenth, and culminating, week, the old heaven is to be replaced by a new and eternal one. The final section speaks again of the flood, of the recurrence afterward of wickedness, and of the punishments and rewards to come when the Messiah establishes his reign.

The early Christians esteemed the Book of Enoch highly; it is quoted in the book of Jude, verses 14 and 15. Except for these infrequent references to it, however, little was known about the work until three complete manuscripts in Ethiopic were discovered in northeastern Africa in the late 18th century. Like other apocalyptic writings, the Book of Enoch describes the vindication of the persecuted righteous by divine judgment; the primordial rebellion of the angels is reflected in the oppression of the poor by the rich and mighty. This emphasis on the distinction between the righteous and the sinners suggests that the book originated with the Qumrân community, although certain characteristic traits of the Qumrân writings-references to the Jerusalem temple, a pronounced dualism, and use of the term elect-are all absent.


The Book of Enoch is an elaboration of the history of fallen angels and Nephilim giants found in the Book of Genesis (Genesis 6:4). The Book of Enoch focuses on the fallen angels and their creation of the Nephilim. The Nephilim were an early group of gigantic human hybrid race, mentioned in the Old Testament Hebrew Scriptures. The Greek Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Scriptures translated the name “Nephilim” as “giants,” and other versions followed this rendering, including the King James Version (KJV). Modern translations usually designated them as Nephilim, thus identifying them with the Anakim  and the Rephaim who were reputed to be large physically. Finally, the Book of Enoch warns the final generation of humanity that the fallen angels will return to earth during the end times.


The Holy Bible; The Bible by Jim Bell and Stan Campbell ;Learn The Bible in 24 Hours by Dr. ChuckMissler ;The Bible by Stan Campbell and James S. Bell, Jr ;The Last Days by Richard H. Perry ; and The Book of Revelations by Dr. Larry R. Helyer, PhD, and Richard Wagner; The Complete Guide to the Bible by Stephen M. Miller, The Complete Guide to Bible Prophecy by Stephen M. Miller.




According to Revelation 16:18, “the thunder crashed and rolled, and lightning flashed. And a great earthquake struck—the worst since people were placed on the earth.”

Many times God’s judgment on humanity and His visitations are described using the language and imagery of earthquakes and are often seen as a sign of the end of time. At times the whole universe is described as being shaken by God. According to Matthew 24, Luke 21, Mark 13, and Revelation 6, violent earth quakes are describe as one of the signs preceding the Day of the Lord.


The shaking or trembling of the earth caused by volcanic activity, earthquakes occur frequently in certain areas of the Middle East. The regions around the Dead Sea and the Sea of Galilee are volcanic in nature. The primary centers of earthquakes in ancient Israel are upper Galilee, the Samaritan country near Shechem, and the western edge of the Judean Mountains near Lydda.The Hebrew word for “earthquake” indicates a great noise or a tremendous roaring. This suggests that the people living in the Middle East were impressed with the rumbling connected with earthquakes


The Bible mentions that earthquakes occurred during the following events: at Mount Sinai, when God gave the law to Moses; during the wilderness wandering of the Israelites, when Korah and his followers rebelled against Moses and were destroyed as punishment for their rebellion; during a fight between the Philistines and Jonathan and his armor bearer; after Elijah killed the prophets of Baal and fled from Jezebel’s wrath, before God spoke to him; during the reign of King Uzziah. The earth shook and the rocks split at the death of Yeshua on Calvary. Another earthquake took place at the resurrection of Yeshua. When Paul and Silas were in jail at Philippi, an earthquake shook the foundations of the prison. Earthquakes are predicted for the “Day of the Lord” and the end of the age.


The 2011 earthquake in Japan was awesome and has the potential to destroy the Japanese economy. Japan has a greater debt problem than the US. This earthquake is going to greatly reduce tax revenue while, at the same time, driving up the debt to try and rebuild. While this author does not see any direct connection between this earthquake and Japan’s policy towards Israel, this earthquake may have occurred because Japan’s official policy toward Israel is to support a Palestinian state.

According to eschatology researcher Dr. John Mc Ternan, New Zealand was hit with its worst earthquake in recent history partly because of its support for homosexuality in the Church and its government policy against Israel, the 2011 earthquake caused one of its major cities to be destroyed. It appears that God has been using earthquakes to judge anti-Semitism, sexual immorality, and homosexuality  in certain nations. While God cares about homosexuals and we as believers should never hate people who are homosexuals, the biblical fact is that abortion, homosexuality, and being against the Israeli state are sins that inspire God to send judgments upon these nations. The 2011 geophysical activities are consistent with Old Testament style judgments upon unrighteous nations.


The world is now convulsing with earthquakes, natural disasters, and dying economies. Before the Day of the LORD arrives, things are not going to get better and in all areas it is going to get worse. This is why the Christian community should stay focused on Messiah Yeshua and His coming for His church. When Messiah Yeshua returns with His church, He is going to stand on the Mount of Olives. This will trigger the great earthquake mentioned in Revelation 16. It appears that the massive earthquakes we are now seeing are only foreshadows of what is coming within the near future.


Earthquake Bible Code Matrix; Eliot Elwar; 2011; Biblical Mysteries by Dr. Donald P. Ryan; The Holy Bible; The Last Days by Richard H. Perry; International Prophecy Conference 2009 and 2010; The Late Great United States by Mark Hitchcock; As America Has Done to Israel by John McTernan; Coming Storm by prophet John Paul Jackson; The Coming shift by prophet Larry Randolf; Final Warning by Dr. Grant Jeffrey; and Prophetic commentary by Perry Stone.




“When Enoch had lived 65 years, he became the father of Methuselah. After he became the father of Methuselah, Enoch walked faithfully with God 300 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Enoch lived a total of 365 years. Enoch walked faithfully with God; then he was no more, because God took him away.” (Genesis 5:21-24).

According to the Holy Scriptures, Enoch was the son of Jared and father of Methuselah. He was taken up to the Third Heaven where God dwells without dying (Gen. 5:18) because Enoch lived in such close fellowship with God that he was translated into God’s presence before living into Noah’s evil generation. Hebrews 11:5 attributes his translation to faith. According to Jude 14, he prophesied about Messiah Yeshua’s second coming to earth.  Enoch gave his 10 week prophecy about human destiny before he departed to Heaven. His 10 week prophecy is found in the book of Enoch chapters 91:13-17 and 93:1-13 and his forecast is very similar to the apocalyptic writings found in the books of Revelation, Daniel, Ezekiel, Isaiah, Barnabas, and Obadiah.

“And after that Enoch both gave and began to recount from the books. And Enoch said: ‘Concerning the children of righteousness and concerning the elect of the world, And concerning the plant of uprightness, I will speak these things, Yea, I Enoch will declare (them) unto you, my sons: According to that which appeared to me in the heavenly vision, And which I have known through the word of the holy angels, And have learnt from the heavenly tablets.” (Enoch 93:1,2).

Enoch’s 10 week Prophecy reveals human history in 7000 years. This study will use the date of Adam’s birth, the date of Christ’s birth, and after Christ’s time on earth as a reference for AA=After Adam, BC= Before Christ, and AD= After Christ’s birth. God’s week is not man’s week because a man’s day is counted from 70 to 100 years lengths, which is man’s life duration, according to Psalm 90. Therefore, Enoch’s weeks are seven periods, where one week equals 700 years, and 10 weeks covering 7000 years of human history. All 7000 years predicts human history, before evil is finally defeated and annihilated.

Enoch received this vision from angels and from heavenly tablets, the same way Moses got the law. (Exodus 12:12; Galatians 3:19) At the time it was already in “the books”. All this is in regard either to the world’s elects or Messiah Yeshua, and the plant of uprightness, or Abraham. The children of righteousness are the saints.  (John 1:29; Roman 8: 12-23)

FIRST WEEK: 1-700 AA (4,000-3,300 BC)

“And Enoch began to recount from the books and said: ‘I was born the seventh in the first week, while judgment and righteousness still endured.” (Enoch 93:3).

The first prophetic week began with the creation of humankind in 4000 BC and it concluded in 3,300 BC. Enoch was born 622 years After Adam’s (AA) creation, which means he was born in the year 3,378 BC. Enoch was the seventh descendent from Adam. Again as stated earlier, seven days equal 100 years and each equals 700 years for one week. Therefore, the 10 weeks reveals 7000 years after Adam, which is the period that this prophecy covers. This means the weeks began with Adam’s birth.

The fact that judgment and righteousness continued to endure during the first week of human history indicates that people lived peacefully. This era was before the sons of God decided to procreate a hybrid human race with many human females. This was the most peaceful era in human history because both mankind and all animal life forms ate a vegetarian diet, which contributed to their long lifespan. The warfare tactics, techniques, and procedures were not known among the human families and dangerous beast did not kill each other. This was the age when all dinosaurs feasted on plants.

SECOND WEEK: 700-1400 AA (3,300-2,600 BC)

“And after me there shall arise in the second week great wickedness, and deceit shall have sprung up; and in it there shall be the first end. And in it a man shall be saved; and after it is ended unrighteousness shall grow up, And a law shall be made for the sinners.” (Enoch 93:4).

The second prophetic week began in 3,300 BC and concluded in 2,600 BC. This era discusses Enoch, Noah, and the fallen angels. Enoch was taken to heaven when he was 365 years old in 3,013 BC when wickedness began to corrupt the families of humanity. Enoch, who represents a type of the “pre-Tribulation Translated Saint,” was caught out “before” the Flood, and the Flood is a type of the Tribulation where Noah and his family represent the “Jewish and Gentile communities who will be preserved through the Tribulation judgments.

Noah was born in 2,944 BC about 365 years after the fallen angels began producing the race of nephilim giants by sexual relations with human females. Noah was the man saved during this prophetic week. The ark dimensions reported by Russian and Turkish soldiers who found Noah’s Ark on Mount Ararat, during 1916 AD, indicates Noah was probably a normal size man about 6-feet tall because the Ark was about 525 feet long, 52.5 feet high, and 87.5 feet wide, which represents the cubit of a man around 6-feet to 6-feet 2-inches tall. However, the nephilim giants were roughly 9-feet to 36-feet tall and they were all violent, sexually hyperactive, and extremely intelligent. The nephilim giants waged war continually to consume the bodies of their enemies. The nephilim giants were involved in sexual violence, sodomy, necrophilia, zoophilia, and fornication. Additionally, the nephilim giants were the builders of many pre-flood pyramid civilizations.

Enoch’s second prophetic week highlights the irruption of angelic beings into the world of men.  We have the source or origin when the antiquity’s classic writers obtained their notions concerning the gods and demi-gods love for earthly women. Their stories describe the legends of beings half human and half divine. These angels who lost their “First Estate” are the “Spirits in Prison” of whom Peter speaks in 1Peter 3:18-20. The outcome of this fallen angelic invasion of the earth by the supernatural beings of the air was the global Flood, by which the contour and elevation of the pre-flood earth was changed, thus wiping out the Garden of Eden. This brought to an end the Pre-flood Age. This part of the book of Enoch parallels Genesis chapter six.

THIRD WEEK: 1400-2100 AA (2600-1900 BC)

“And after that in the third week at its close a man shall be elected as the plant of righteous judgment, and his posterity shall become the plant of righteousness for evermore.” (Enoch 93:5).

The third prophetic week began in 2600 BC before ending in 1900 BC. During this period, the global flood and the Tower of Babel occurred, but these major events are ignored in Enoch’s prophecy while he goes directly to the closing of the third week, when Abraham, “the plant of righteous judgment was born and elected by God during 2083 AA (1917 BC) before the end of the third week. As the prophet predicts, Abraham was elected just at the close of the third week. The global flood occurred in 1656 AA (2344 BC) and the Tower of Babel dispersion happened in 1756 AA (2444 BC) during the third day of the third prophetic week. Abraham’s descendant is Yeshua who is the “plant or righteousness for evermore”

FOURTH WEEK: 2100-2800 AA (1900-1200 BC)

“And after that in the fourth week, at its close, visions of the holy and righteous shall be seen, and a law for all generations and an enclosure shall be made for them.” (Enoch 93:6).

The fourth prophetic week began in 1900 BC before ending in 1200 BC. Enoch’s prophecy is a direct allusion to the Mosaic Law that was given to Moses in 2550 AA (1450 BC). Noah’s law was given for the sinners, while Moses law was given for all generations. Enoch 93:6 alludes to the visions given to Moses and the Israelites in the desert and how God revealed himself to them and showed them His power. The enclosure may refer to the call for the covenant between Israel and God, it might refer only to the eternally in force principles of God’s laws, or it may refer to the Sacred and Holy Ark of the Covenant.

The Ark of the Covenant was the most important piece of furniture in the wilderness tabernacle. The tabernacle was the tent or meeting place between God and man. The Lord told Moses to build it. The word for ark can also mean “chest” or “coffin”. It is not the same word used for Noah’s ark. The ark that Moses had Bezalel make was a chest made of acacia wood. The chest measured approximately 45 by 27 by 27 inches. It was covered inside and out with gold. Poles were slid through its two pairs of rings to make it portable. The ark also served as a container for the two tablets of the covenant given to Moses. The tablets were also called the “testimony.” That is why the ark was sometimes called the “ark of the testimony.” A pot of manna was placed in the ark. Manna was the miraculous food provided by God. The ark also contained Aaron’s rod that had sprouted.

The lid of the ark was called the “mercy seat” or “place of mercy”. It was a piece of gold fitting over the top of the ark. It held its own importance. Annually the high priest was to make atonement for the people of Israel. He would sprinkle the mercy seat with the blood of bulls and goats. In fact, the English expression “mercy seat” is related to the word for “atone.” The lid was called a “seat” because the Lord was considered as enthroned between two cherubim. The Lord spoke to Moses from between the cherubim. The ark was sometimes referred to simply as the ark. At other times it was called the “ark of the covenant”. The Israelites were thus reminded that the ark’s holiness derived from the holy law of God contained inside it. That name also showed the Israelites that they needed to follow the commands God had given in his “covenant.”

Those commands were given by the God of the covenant. He had rescued Israel from slavery in Egypt and had promised to be the ever-present God of his people. Hence the ark was most widely known as the “ark of the covenant.” Sometimes that name was extended to “the Ark of the LORD’s covenant”. At times the ark was called “the Ark of God.” It was a visible sign that the invisible God was dwelling in Israel’s midst. It had a devastating and often deadly “holiness.” The people of Beth-shemesh were severely punished after they had treated the ark without proper respect. A man named Uzzah was killed by the Lord when he touched it with his hand to keep it from tumbling to the ground from a cart. The ark was dangerous to touch because it was the very symbol of God’s presence. For this reason God commanded that the ark be placed in the Holy of Holies. It was to be separated from the rest of the tabernacle by a heavy veil. No sinful person could look upon the glory of God above the ark and live.

FIFTH WEEK: 2800-3500 AA (1200-500 BC)

“And after that in the fifth week, at its close, the house of glory and dominion shall be built forever.” (Enoch 93:7).

The fifth prophetic week began in 1200 BC and concluded in 500 BC. During this period, the first temple was built near the beginning of the fifth week (2999 AA or 1001 BC) and the second temple was built near the same week’s conclusion (3489 AA or 511 BC). God’s Temple is an eternal house that will be rebuilt because it has been established forever. For the Jews the temple was a place to worship and make sacrifices to God, whom they called Yahweh. When the Jews were traveling to the Promised Land after being released from Egypt, they were instructed by God to build a movable temple called a tabernacle so that they would have a place of worship wherever they made camp. Later, Solomon built a more permanent temple for worshiping God. The people saw the tabernacle and the temple as the place where God’s Spirit dwelled. The temple was destroyed and rebuilt several times in history. When Jesus came he taught that the “temple of God” was more than a building. Our bodies are temples of God because he dwells in us through our faith in Christ.

SIXTH WEEK: 3500-4200 AA (500 BC -200 AD)

“And after that in the sixth week all who live in it shall be blinded, and the hearts of all of them shall godlessly forsake wisdom. And in it a man shall ascend; and at its close the house of dominion shall be burnt with fire, and the whole race of the chosen root shall be dispersed.” (Enoch 93:8).

The sixth prophetic week began in 500 BC and ended in 200 AD. During this era, the people of Israel lost their faith in God and their purity in worshipping God was lost during this time. The people who lived in the God’s glory house “were blinded.” During this period, Messiah Yeshua was born, but many religious leaders did not realize and recognize that He was the prophesied Jewish and gentile Messiah. Messiah Yeshua was born in 4000 AA (1 BC), He was baptized in 4028 (28 AD), and He conquered death and ascended to Heaven in 4032 AA (32 AD). Before the end of the sixth week, the Jewish Second Temple (House of Glory) was destroyed by the Romans in 70 AD (4070 AA) and the Jewish community (The chosen root) were dispersed worldwide in 4135 AA (135 AD). The whole race refers to the fact that the non-Jewish Israelites (10 tribes) had already been dispersed, but in this week they were dispersed in its entirety.

SEVENTH WEEK:  4200-4900 (200 AD – 900 AD)

“And after that in the seventh week shall an apostate generation arise, and many shall be its deeds, and all its deeds shall be apostate. And at its close shall be elected the elect righteous of the eternal plant of righteousness, to receive sevenfold instruction concerning all His creation. [For who is there of all the children of men that is able to hear the voice of the Holy One without being troubled? And who can think His thoughts? And who is there that can behold all the works of heaven? And how should there be one who could behold the heaven, and who is there that could understand the things of heaven and see a soul or a spirit and could tell thereof, or ascend and see all their ends and think them or do like them? And who is there of all men that could know what is the breadth and the length of the earth, and to whom has been shown the measure of all of them? Or is there anyone who could discern the length of the heaven and how great is its height, and upon what it is founded, and how great is the number of the stars, and where all the luminaries rest?].” (Enoch 93:9-11).

The seventh prophetic week began in 200 AD before concluding in 900 AD. During this period, Christian purity was lost after the second century AD and an apostate Pseudo-Christian religious tradition arose. In other words, paganism entered the Church and the Apostolic religious teaching disappeared. The Gnostics, Greek religious traditions, and Greco-Roman philosophy persuaded many Christians to leave the fundamental and traditional interpretation of the gospel, to create elaborate false doctrines with no biblical and logical bases. Enoch’s prophecy talks about the deeds. The actions of the false Christians were apostate in nature. True Christianity became hard to find. Therefore, the prophet shows by His words that the fulfillment of this prophecy is a heavenly one. No person among the children of humanity can understand and see what is going on in the heavens. Additionally, this period includes the dark ages when ignorance dominated large portions of the world, but Abraham’s Jewish descendants will be given wisdom and understanding for their protection against anti-Jewish hatred during their dispersion.

EIGHTH WEEK: 4900-5600 AA (900-1600 AD)

“And after that there shall be another, the eighth week that of righteousness and a sword shall be given to it that a righteous judgment may be executed on the oppressors, and sinners shall be delivered into the hands of the righteous. And at its close they shall acquire houses through their righteousness, and a house shall be built for the Great King in glory for evermore, and all mankind shall look to the path of uprightness.” (Enoch 91:12-13).

The eighth prophetic week began in 900 AD and ended in 1600 AD. During this period, Christian Europe experience great positive changes and increased in power and gained great global influence.  A sword was given to Christian Europe, who, in the name of Jesus (Yeshua) fought against the Muslims who were the oppressors of Christians during the Medieval Era. Historians count nine Christian crusades into the Middle East beginning in 1095 AD to 1271 AD, and after that the Northern crusades and in 1492 AD with the discovery of America, which was a greater crusade of Christianity that greatly empowered Christianity worldwide. This method of spreading Christianity is far from the Christian principles taught by Messiah, but these crusades were certainly allowed by God, and the name of Jesus (Yeshua) was made known to non-Christians worldwide.

Toward the close of this era, the enlightenment began among Christians in the names of the Cathars, Waldensians, John Hus, Jerome of Prague, John Wicklef, William Tyndale, and in 1517 with the ignition of the protestant reform by Martin Luther. All these events greatly established the house of the Great King, which will last forever. “Mankind looked to the path of uprightness”, the bible was “re-discovered” where Christians began looking upon the bible as the source of enlightenment. The North, Central, and South America were conquered by Christian nations, and a big house or much land was acquired by them. “Their righteousness” seems to allude to the Christian Faith and not the quality of being a good Christian by believers or these people. Enoch’s eighth week prophecy parallels Revelation chapters two and three.

NINTH WEEK: 5600-630 AA (1600-2300 AD)

“And after that, in the ninth week, the righteous judgment shall be revealed to the whole world, and all the works of the godless shall vanish from all the earth, and the world shall be written down for destruction.” (Enoch 91: 14).

The ninth prophetic week began in 1600 AD and will conclude in 2300 AD. This period means that we are living in current history and prophecy. It is during this period that the judgment shall be revealed worldwide.  This prophecy is a direct allusion to the second coming of Messiah Yeshua and His judgment; the Millennial Kingdom, which involves the restoration of all things and Messiah Yeshua’s revelation.

During this time, the world is judged and written down for destruction. Those disapproved will be destroyed. The whole world, of course means the living and the dead, because it is during this time when the resurrection takes place. At the present time we are in the beginning of the fourth day of this ninth week. Therefore, more things must still happen before evil is destroyed.

We should expect for the near future that “the works of the godless will vanish from earth” and that “this present age will end because of messiah Yeshua’s Revelation when the “righteous judgment poor out upon the world.  This part of Enoch’s prophecy parallels Jude 14, Matthew 24; Luke 21; Mark 13; Psalm 83; Obadiah 1:15-21; Ezekiel chapters 35, 36, 37, 38, and 39; Revelation chapters three to 20; and Daniel chapters 10, 11, and 12.

TENTH WEEK: 6300-7000 AA (2300 -3000 AD)

“And after this, in the tenth week in the seventh part, there shall be the great eternal judgment, in which He will execute vengeance amongst the angels. And the first heaven shall depart and pass away, and a new heaven shall appear, and all the powers of the heavens shall give sevenfold light. And after that there will be many weeks without number for ever, and all shall be in goodness and righteousness, and sin shall no more be mentioned forever.” (Enoch 91:15-17).

The 10th prophetic week will begin in 2300 AD and conclude in 3000 AD. Enoch’s 10th prophetic week begins 300 years into Messiah’s 1000 year Kingdom on Earth. In other words, Enoch only saw 700 years  of Messiah Yeshua’s 1000 year kingdom on Earth.  When Messiah’s Millennial Kingdom ends on the Seventh Day, according to Barnabas and John’s eschatology, this event will parallel Enoch’s10th week. Satan and his angels are executed for eternity and a new heaven and earth are created, where there is no more place for wickedness, forever, exactly as the Bible says. Enoch’s 10th week of prophecy parallels the writings found in Barnabas chapter 15, Revelation chapters 20 and 21, and Isaiah chapters 65 and 66. Thus, Enoch saw the future in 10 weeks where each day represented 700 years, while Barnabas and John and Isaiah saw the future in one week where each day represented 1000 years.

Finally, readers must understand that Enoch’s 10 week prophecy represents a general time frame for the fulfillment of human history, but never an exact time frame for the culmination of prophecy. Therefore, each prophetic week maybe longer or shorter in duration because the ancient world does not count time the same way the modern world does.


The fact that Enoch was a true prophet has never been doubted by religious Jews or bible believing Christians. However, the recorded prophecies in the Book of Enoch have been rejected or even banned by many Christian Churches and Jewish organizations because they are unable to determine the inspirational quality of the book. However, by examining secular history, biblical prophecy, and comparing it with Enoch’s eschatology, we can see that portions of Enoch’s visions were truthful, historical, inspired, and prophetic.

Enoch‘s prophecy reflects the days of Noah, while forecasting the tribulation and beyond. Remember, Messiah Yeshua said “As the days of Noah were, so will the coming of the Son of Man be. For as in the days that were before the Flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage (this passage refers to the marriage of the “Sons of God” and the “Daughters of Men”), until the day that Noah entered into the Ark, and knew not until the Flood came and took them all away; so will also the coming of the Son of Man be.” Matthew. 24:37-39.

Noah Days and this present 21st century generation include the following characteristics: First, there was a tendency to Worship God Simply as Creator, and Not as Yahweh God requiring atonement for sin and holy living. Second, there was a rapid advancement in civilization, technology, science, and in the arts. Third, there were sexual unions between the righteous and unrighteous. Fourth, there was a vast increase of population and congestion of population into the great cities. Fifth, there was undue prominence of sexual immorality with a focus on the female sexual anatomy. Sixth, there were unlawful sexual activities with the fallen angels and human females. Finally, there was worldwide rejection of the preaching and prophesying of Enoch and Noah, which parallels the modern rejection of the preaching of the gospel and prophecy today. Therefore, readers of this article should accept Messiah Yeshua as their Lord and savior to escape the coming evil days.


Author Eliot Elwar. DVD Enoch Commentary; JR Church and Gary Stearman; 2011. The Book of Enoch; RH Charles Oxford; 1850. The New King James Version; Thomas Nelson; 1982. The Septuagint English Version: Sir Lancerlot; 1850.




Is Pope Francis the Peter the Roman of Medieval Eschatology?

While Pope Francis appears to be a nice and gentle spiritual leader, some biblical eschatology researchers fear that he is the Peter the Roman of St. Malachi’s famous prophecy. A few biblical eschatologists are concerned about Pope Francis’Jesuit roots.

Tom Horn, who is a biblical eschatology researcher and co-author with Chris Putman of the book “Petrus Romanus: The Final Pope is Here,” said Bergoglio’s selection was a “fantastic fulfillment of prophecy.” He predicted Pope Benedict XVI would be the first pontiff in nearly 600 years to resign and he believes the election of Jorge Mario Bergoglio as the 266th Roman Catholic pontiff lines up with a medieval prophecy that would make him the “final pope” before the End Times, according to World Net Daily.

Jorge Mario Bergoglio selected for himself the name Francis I after the celebrated patron saint of Italy, St. Francis of Assisi. However, the Pope is never a Franciscan. He is a Jesuit, the first member of the Jesus Society to be elected to the papacy. He is the first religious order member to become pope since 1831, when the conclave elected Gregory XVI, a Camaldolese Benedictine monk, according to Alberto Riva of International Business Times.

Analysis: Pope Jorge Mario Bergolio

Pope Jorge Mario Bergolio fits the characteristics of the final pope that many Catholic and Protestant eschatologists believe will be the false prophet described in Revelation 13, according to eschatology researcher Tom Horn. Pope Francis is an Italian from Argentina where his mother and father were Italian immigrants. He originated from the Jesuit Order which is a psychologically astonishing fulfillment of St. Malachi’s prophecy. This was the order created specifically to destroy Protestantism during the Reformation and many years after. The Jesuits are a group of powerful, intellectual, and spiritual leaders. They are very special to the Catholic Popes and they were feared by many protestant Christians, a few Catholic Christians, and other religious groups because of their cunning and ruthless nature. They have taken a special pledge to defend the Catholic Church and its doctrines by any means necessary, according to many protestant eschatology experts. If this Pope is St. Malachi’s 112th Pope, then he will be the leader that will destroy orthodox and protestant Christianity, while waging a losing war against the anti-Messiah of biblical prophecy (Revelation 13-14 and Daniel 10-11), according many biblical eschatology experts.

Pope Francis will probably be the man who will destroy the atheism movement sweeping across Europe and America. Pope Francis will preach and teach an ecumenical doctrine, he will become an ally with the Anti-Messiah before the anti-Messiah declares war against the Catholic Church, according to many prophecy scholars. Pope Francis will probably be gifted with supernatural powers, according to eschatology expert Tom Horn’s biblical prophetic analysis of the false prophet of Revelation 13 and elsewhere in God’s Holy Scriptures. Hopefully, this Pope is a good man and not the false prophet of Revelation 13.




Pope Benedict XVI announced his retirement from the papacy in February 2013. The Pope’s sudden retirement reminds many biblical eschatology experts of St. Malachi’s famous prophecies for the 112 Catholic popes.

When Pope Benedict XVI retired on Thursday, 28 February 2013, he became the first pope to abdicate since Gregory XII in 1415. Thousands of pilgrims gathered in St Peter’s Square in the Vatican for Pope Benedict’s final general audience on Wednesday 27 February 2013. His successor will be chosen in a conclave to take place in March 2013, according to BBC news.

St. Malachi’s Career

St. Malachi was an Irish prelate and reformer, St. Patrick’s greatest successor, born in Armagh in 1094. Ordained a priest in 1119, he became vicar of Armagh before resigning to enter the monastery of Lismore under the Benedictine rule. He became Bishop of Down and later Bishop of Connor. However, opposition to the succession forced him out by 1127, and he became Abbot of Iveragh. While he was subsequently appointed archbishop of Armagh, he was unable completely dispel rival claims to the see until 1137. With his reputation clear, he resigned and returned home, living a monastic existence. He was later appointed papal legate for Ireland. He restored ecclesiastical discipline in Ireland, unified the church there, and brought about the utilization of the Roman liturgy rather than the Celtic. He died in 1148 and he was canonized in 1199, according to New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia.

St. Malachi was known as a great prophet. While visiting Rome in 1139 AD, he received a dramatic vision showing him all the Popes from his era to time’s end. Only one Pope will follow Pope Benedict XVI, according to St. Malachi’s visions. St. Malachi possessed levitation powers, healing gifts, and clairvoyant visions. While on his way to the Vatican to assume the papal post legate for Ireland, he fell into a deep mystical trance where he saw the future of papal history stretching from the successor to Innocent II and extending through centuries to the last of the line, identified as Peter the Roman. Malachi assigned brief descriptions in Latin to every pope when he wrote down his visions. His descriptions usually refer to a family name, birthplace, coat-of-arms, or office held before election to the papacy. A few of the phrases contained multiple prophecies, written with ingenious word play, according to many eschatology experts and the New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia.

His papal predictions through the centuries have appeared to be amazingly accurate, even prophesying his own death, according to eschatology researcher Hal Lindsey and others. The 112 popes and their characteristics are listed from 1143 AD to either the world’s end or Catholicism as we know it, when the truth reveals the mystery about human creation and destiny. St. Malachi’s final words were: “Rome, the seat of the Vatican, will be destroyed and the dreadful Judge will judge the people.” Analysis of Malachi’s final 10 popes reveals an almost eerie precision.

Pope Pius X

St. Malachi predicted that Pope Pius X would as burning fire. This Pope showed a burning passion for the Church’s spiritual renewal. This pope was born in the Venetia’s Italian region and he became Mantua’s bishop in 1884 and Venice’s patriarch in 1893. He was elected pope in 1903 and soon became known both for his piety and for his staunch religious and political conservatism. Pius suppressed the Catholic intellectual movement known as Modernism, while opposing the political movement for social reform known as Christian Democracy. He worked to organize the laity for collaboration in the Church’s apostolic work, and he reformed the Catholic liturgy. His decision to systematize canon law led to the new code publication in 1917, which became effective in 1918, according to New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia.

Pope Benedict XV

St. Malachi prophesied that Pope Benedict XV would see religion laid waste. During this Pope’s reign, communism and atheism move into Russia and religious life for many was laid waste. The First World War involved the deaths of millions of Christians who were killed by an anti-God government system because of their spiritual beliefs. Benedict XV was ordained a priest in 1878 and he entered the papal diplomatic service. He was made Archbishop of Bologna in 1907 and cardinal in 1914. Elected pope a month after the outbreak of the First World War, he tried to follow a policy of strict neutrality and concentrated the church’s efforts on relief. He later made positive efforts toward reestablishing peace, though his principal attempt in 1917 to mediate the war was unsuccessful, according to New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia.

Pope Pius XI

St. Malachi forecast that Pope Pius XI would have unshakable faith. This Pope faced tremendous pressure from fascist and sinister powers in Germany and Italy, while he was an outspoken communism and fascism critic, which enraged Hitler. He became an archbishop in 1827, a cardinal in 1840, and pope on the death of Gregory XVI. He set out to make liberal reforms, but the revolutionary fervor in 1848 terrified him into extreme conservatism. He proclaimed the Immaculate Conception dogma and convened the First Vatican Council, which promulgated the papal infallibility doctrine. After losing temporal power to Victor Emmanuel II upon Italian unification, he regarded himself as a “prisoner in the Vatican” and refused any contact with the Italian government. Pius’s career was the long and successful. He was beatified in 2000 by Pope John Paul II, according to New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia.

Pope Pius XII

St. Malachi foretold that Pope Pius XII would be an angelic shepherd. This Pope had an affinity for the spiritual world and received visions which have not been made public yet. Pius XII emerged as a great Pope in the 20th century and he was a true angelic Pastor to the flock, according to many Catholics. Before succeeding Pius XI in 1939, he served in the papal diplomatic service and as secretary of state to the Holy See. While he was active in humanitarian work with prisoners and refugees during the Second World War, he has been criticized by some for not having done more to either prevent or fight against the Holocaust. During the postwar era, he was a defender of persecuted Catholics in communist nations. Known for his austere conservatism, he in 1950 defined the Virgin’s bodily Assumption dogma, according to New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia.

Pope John XXIII

St. Malachi predicted that Pope John XXIII would become a pastor and mariner to the world. Pope John XXIII studied theology in Rome, was ordained a priest in 1904, and held various church offices. He was named papal to newly liberated France in 1944, where he successfully revived Vatican sympathy. Made a cardinal in 1953, he was elected pope following the death of Pius XII. While he was expected to be little more than a caretaker for the office due to his advanced age, he became the 20th century’s major reforming pope. He called the Second Vatican Council in 1962, where he invited Eastern Orthodox, and Protestant observers to join Catholic delegates because he was eager to lead the Catholic Church into the modern era. He attempted to repair the damage relationship with the Jewish community. The council went on to make major reformations in Catholic liturgy and administration, although John died before its conclusion. An energetic world peace advocate, he became a popular pope in the 20th century. By 2000, Pope John Paul II beatified him, according to New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia.

Pope Paul VI

St. Malachi prophesied that Pope Paul VI would be the flower of flowers. Paul’s coat-of-arms depicts three fleurs-de-lis, corresponding to Malachi’s vision. Pope Paul VI was educated at Brescia and ordained in 1920, he continued his studies in Rome, earning degrees in civil and canon law. He was a church diplomat for much of his career, until he was named archbishop of Milan in 1954. He became a cardinal in 1958, and in 1963 he was elected pope. Paul VI presided over the final sessions of the Second Vatican Council and appointed commissions to carry out its reforms, including revisions in the mass. He also relaxed rules on fasting, removed a few questionable saints from the church’s calendar, and enforced conservative positions on birth control and clerical celibacy. He promoted ecumenism and was the first pope to travel widely, visiting Israel, India, Asia, and Latin America, according to New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia.

Pope John Paul I

St. Malachi foretold that the moon would symbolize Pope John Paul I’s spiritual career. John Paul I was elected Pope on 26 August 1078, when there was a half moon. Before his ascendency to the papacy, he was born in in northeastern Italy. He grew up in Murano, near Venice, where his father was a glassblower. Ordained a priest in 1935, Luciani taught theology at the Gregorian Seminary in Belluno. He became Vittorio Veneto’s bishop in 1958 and Venice’s patriarch in 1969. While he was a member of the Congregation for the Sacraments and Divine Worship, he remained essentially a pastoral figure rather than a curial bureaucrat. He was elected supreme pontiff following Paul VI’s death in August 1978. In homage to his two immediate predecessors he chose the name John Paul, thus becoming the first pope to take a double papal name. He died in Rome September 28, 1978, after a short time in office, according to New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia.

Pope John Paul II

St. Malachi predicted that Pope John Paul II would become the sun’s laborer. Pope John Paul II was the most traveled Pope in history. He circled the Earth many times, preaching to huge audiences everywhere he traveled. He survived an assassination attempt. He has written a book which has enjoyed a large circulation. Like the sun which never ceases to labor and provides light daily, this Pope has been ceaseless. He was born on 18 May 1920. On this date in the morning there was almost a complete sun eclipse over Europe. Like the rising sun he came from the East (Poland). While his ecumenical efforts, including meetings with the Jewish community, Muslim groups, and Eastern Orthodox Christian leaders, were widely praised, John Paul II was often criticized for his traditionalist and conservative Christian views on gender issues and sexuality, according to New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia, according to New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia.

Pope Benedict XVI

St. Malachi predicted that Pope Benedict XVI would be the Glory of the Olive and he believed that this Pope will originate from that order. Prior to his unexpected ascendancy to the papacy, Pope Benedict XVI was ordained in 1951 and received a theology doctorate from the University of Munich in 1953. Afterwards, he pursued a career as a theologian, teacher, and Christian philosopher at different universities. During the Second Vatican Council, he served as an expert adviser and an advocate for reformation. He was appointed Munich’s archbishop in 1977; a few months later he became a cardinal. As prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith from 1981 to 2005, he enforced doctrinal uniformity in the church and served as a close adviser of Pope John Paul II. He was faced with many challenges when he became pope, including a decline in church attendance and in the number of new priests, deep divisions over the direction of the church, and the lingering effects of a sexual-abuse scandal involving priests in worldwide. His sudden and unexpected retirement confirmed many eschatological predictions about his short reign as Pope following John Paul II, according to New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia.

Peter the Roman

St. Malachi predicted that Peter the Roman will become the 112th pope. St. Malachi stated that during the final era of persecution executed upon Roman Catholics and Christians, Peter the Roman will feed his flock amid many tribulations; after which the seven-hilled city will be destroyed by the dreadful Judge who will judge the people.

With the sudden retirement of Pope Benedict XVI who is the 111th pope, the 112th pope could become the final Pope who will live into the tribulation period. This could mean that we have a limited time frame before the unfolding of the apocalypse and the tribulation hour with the 112th pope, according to Catholic and protestant eschatology experts. Pope Benedict’s retirement from office means the new pope will likely be the Peter the Roman of St. Malachi’s vision. The name Peter the Roman may not necessarily be the final pope’s actual real name, but this could be a description of the new pope’s spiritual character. A few analysts believe that the Catholic Church is about to embrace paganism. This will be a New Age type of paganism. While the current pope, Benedict XVI, has kept the New Agers within the church under his conservative control, his retirement means that the New Agers within the Catholic Church will take it over. The previous pope, John Paul ll, was deeply involved in pagan religious traditions because he was trying to unite all religions. Pope Benedict was more conservative.

According to eschatology researcher Tom Horn, because of Malachi’s prophecy, it is worth keeping an eye on what happens to the Catholic Church under the new pope. The two issues we should analyze closely are how the pope deals with the Arab-Israeli issues and the advancement of the New Age influence within the Church. Finally, if St. Malachi’s vision came from God, then we have a short time before the tribulation begins followed by Messiah’s return to planet Earth during the tribulation’s end, according to many biblical eschatology researchers. With Pope Benedict’s retirement, the 112th pope will have sufficient time to establish himself as the new pope. The 112th pope will teach and preach an ecumenical and globalist religious doctrine before and during the tribulation period. During his reign, the Catholic Church will reach its greatest power before its complete destruction by the Anti-Messiah, according to many eschatology experts.