Christian Apologetics Study

THE GENESIS OLD EARTH CREATION THEORY

Dec
13

Old earth creation science theory argues for the existence of deep time and it accepts mainstream scientific evidence about the age of the universe, earth, and life. This theory maintains that the earth and the universe were created by the God. This theory reinterprets the biblical descriptions for creation history in the book of Genesis in order to fit real-world facts presented by mainstream science. Although its believers frequently do not accept flood geology they generally do believe in some form of a biblical flood. Old earth creationists reject Darwinism, but embrace natural selection and genetic mutations as the facilitator of plant and animal variation.  Old earth creation science researchers believe that mainstream science does not conflict with the Genesis creation account.

THE SEVEN CREATION DAYS

According to many old earth creation science researchers, the word “day” has variable meanings. In 1:5 it is used as a term for light. In 1:8 and 1:13 it seems to mean a day of 24 hours. In 1:14 and 1:16 it seems to refer to a 12-hour day. In 2:4 it seems to cover the whole period of creation. In passages such as Joel 3:18, Acts 2:20, and John 16:23, “that day” seems to mean the whole Christian era. In passages such as 2 Timothy 1:12 the expression seems to refer to the era beyond the Lord’s Second Coming. And in Psalm 90:4 and 2 Peter 3:8, “With the Lord a day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like one day.”

CREATION OF THE UNIVERSE

The Holy Scriptures begin with the creation of the universe: “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” (Genesis 1:1 NIV). This single verse describes the actual transformation of invisible energy into all of the fundamental physical forms of matter (as summarized in Albert Einstein’s famous E=mc2 equation) that would be transformed into moons, planets, stars, galaxies, and everything else – including humankind. Cosmologists, Astronomers, and astrophysicists now estimate that this creation event took place approximately 10 to 15 billion years ago.

The next verse describes the earth following its creation and long after the creation of the universe: “Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and The Spirit of God was hovering over the waters” (Genesis 1:2 NIV). Astronomers and astrophysicists estimate the age of the earth to be around 5 to 4.5 billion years old – leaving an estimated 10 billion years between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2.

The universe as it exists was not produced by some cosmic accident. The conditions of creation were intricately planned and considered. A mindless uncontrolled “big bang” would result in destruction and chaos, not the life and order we now observe. On the other hand, a great initial expansion of physical matter that had just been transformed from pure energy, followed by orderly development (from natural laws put into force beforehand by the Creator: gravitational force, electromagnetic force, strong nuclear force, and weak nuclear force) of stars, galaxies and everything else, is reasonable, rational, and logical, according Biblical Scholar Dr. Wayne Blank. Therefore, what follows, in the “seven days,” is a description of the forming of substance already created in preparation for the creation of Humankind.

THE FIRST DAY

On the first day, God said “Let there be light” (Genesis 1:3 NIV). The sun was already shining brightly, but God made the earth’s thick new atmosphere allow diffuse light to penetrate to the surface. And so it was that the light was made separate from darkness. The first day of earth’s creation was literally the first “day” as someone on earth’s surface would experience it – a period of opaque light, and a period of darkness (Genesis 1:3-5 NIV).

We learn that God’s creative power is manifested by simply speaking. His first creative word called forth light in the midst of darkness. In John 1:1-2 we learn that the “Word” (Yeshua) was in the beginning, and that the “Word” was with God and was God. John further tells us that “through him [the Word] all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made” (John 1:3 NIV). God did not just make a physical universe: “God saw all that he had made, and it was very good” (Genesis 1:31 NIV). Whatever God makes is very good indeed, because the Word through which He created all things is the very essence of goodness, beauty, and light: “In him (Yeshua) was life, and that life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness” (John 1:4 NIV), now as it did at the very beginning of creation. This day was roughly four billion years long.

THE SECOND DAY

On the second day, God separated the waters. There was no liquid water, no oceans. All of the water was in the form of a vapor, a worldwide super-fog, extending a number of kilometers up from the very hot bare-rock earth’s surface. God’s “hovering over the waters” in verse 2 describes His being above that gaseous-water atmosphere, not a liquid ocean. God then caused most of the water to condense onto the cooling earth which simultaneously formed a whole-planet ocean and cleared the sky (Genesis 1:6-8 NIV). The expanse, called “sky,” is the atmosphere, or layer of air between the water-covered earth and the clouds above. This day was approximately three billion years long.

THE THIRD DAY

On the third day, God caused the first appearance of dry ground. The further cooling of the surface set in motion a process of natural contraction, uplifting and motion of the crust. The earth changed from a smooth one-level molten “cue ball” to a planet with an irregular surface with ocean basins and landmass. With dry ground available, the first plants were made to grow in great abundance (Genesis 1:9-13). Earth’s original landmass existed as a single super-continent before it became divided into seven major continents – Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America. This day was roughly two billion years long.

THE FOURTH DAY

On the fourth day, God allowed the sun, moon, and stars to appear. Before this day, the sun, moon, and stars were invisible. God transformed the upper atmosphere from a translucent sky into a transparent sky.    The sun, moon, and stars were to “serve as signs to mark the seasons, months, and days.” The sun measured the day (sunset to sunset), the moon measured the month (new moon to new moon), and the stars measured the seasons (Genesis 1:14-19 NIV). The appearance of the sun and the moon on the Fourth day was not a new creation. They had existed in beginning (Genesis 1:1 NIV). The words translated “made” in the 16th verse is not the same word as is translated “created” in verse one, and does not imply a “creative” act. What is meant here is that the clouds broke away and permitted the sun and moon to be seen, and that from that time they were appointed to measure the days, and years, and seasons as we have them today. This day was about one billion years long.

THE FIFTH DAY

On the fifth day, God created flying creatures for the sky and marine animals for the ocean. This day’s work included the primeval fishes, amphibians, reptiles, mammals, and birds. The fossil record show that these creatures were larger in size probably because they lived longer in an environment designed for maximum genetic expression. God created many other life forms during the Fifth Day, but only the fishes and birds are mentioned. God blessed them and said, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth.” (Genesis 1:20-23 NKJV). Here is the first time we come across the word “CREATE” since we read of the original creation of the earth in verse one. This day was about 500 million years in duration.

THE SIXTH DAY

On the sixth day, God created land animals and humankind. This day’s work included the creation of reptiles, mammals, flightless birds, along with sauropod and theropod dinosaurs. God reveals that each living creature on the land is created “according to their kind.” This refutes the notion that all species of animals evolved from a single, common, primeval organism. It supports the scientific evidence that living creatures have adapted over time to their environment, while there is no convincing evidence that one species of animal has evolved into another. God created humankind in His own image. God saw everything that He had made, and it was “good” (1:4, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25, 31). It is interesting to note that God declared all that he had made on the sixth day “very good” perhaps to stress the relative significance of this day in comparison to the prior days. This day was roughly 250 million years in duration.

THE SEVENTH DAY

On the Seventh Day, God concluded His work on creation; and He RESTED, not because God was tired, but because the seventh day of the creation week was a type of the Sabbath. This appears clear from Exodus 20:11 because Moses wrote that “For in six days the Lord made heaven and Earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the SEVENTH day; wherefore the Lord blessed the SABBATH day, and hallowed it.” According to the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Septuagint version of the bible, this passage says that God CEASE from working, which indicates that God was never tired, but that God only stopped working on the seventh day.

ANALYSIS OF THE OLD EARTH CREATION SCIENCE THEORY

Today, many Christians embrace the Old Earth Creation theory. This theory proposes that the six creation days represent long time periods, epoch history, and lengthy geologic ages, but not 24-hour days. This theory is really the evolution doctrine wearing creation science clothing. This theory is designed to accommodate the geologic ages and it is too compatible with evolutionary religious dogma. This theory remains decorated with numerous biblical and scientific difficulties. This theory fails to accommodate the necessary symbiotic interdependent-relationships among plants (created on the third day), birds (created on the fifth day), and insects (created on the sixth day).

The 
immediate 
context 
of 
Genesis
 and
 the fact that 
when 
the word “day”
is 
used
 as
 a
 numerical
 adjective
 it 
always
 refers 
to 
a 
literal 24‐hour day 
and this fact seems 
to 
weaken the 
old Earth creation
 theory.
  It 
is
 difficult 
to
 understand
 why 
God would 
need 
billions and millions of
 years
 to
 create hu
mankind,
 unless 
He
 did
 it 
through 
the
 an evolutionary 
process.
 If 
this
 is
 the
 case, 
then
 the
 Bible 
refutes
 any
 idea 
of 
the 
theistic 
evolution 
of humanity 
(Matthew.
19:14; 1 
Corinthians.
11:8; 
Genesis.
2:7; 
I 
Corinthians.
15:39). This 
theory
 plays
 down
 the
 majesty 
and 
supernatural
 character of 
God.
 When ever 
a
 miracle 
was 
done 
in 
the
 Bible 
it
 was 
instantaneous 
and complete. 
An 
immediate 
act 
of 
creation
 brings 
much
 more 
glory 
to 
God.
 The 
language
 of 
Genesis 
chapter one 
seems 
to
 support 
instant 
creation 
rather 
than ’
long
 periods 
of 
time. For example, Moses wrote:  
“God created”
(Genesis. 1:1),
“God 
said, 
let 
there
 be”
(Genesis. 1:6),
“God
 made”
(Genesis. 1:7),
“Let 
the 
Earth
 bring 


forth”
(Genesis. 1:11),
etc.
 This 
old Earth theory capitulates
 a 
great
 deal
 to 
uniformitarian 
geology 
and it 
often 
allows science 
to 
govern 
the 
interpretations of the Holy Scriptures.
 This 
theory 
only
 leaves
 the
 door 
open
 to 
Darwinism and evolutionism. Finally, we must remember that Moses wrote in Exodus 20:11 that in six days God created the Heavens and Earth and all physical existence.

RELATED SOURCES

Creation; Dr. Grant R. Jeffrey; 2003. Genesis One; Dr. Gerald Schroeder With Zola Levitt; 1998. Genesis and The Big Bang; Gerald L. Schroeder, Ph.D.;1992. Starlight and Time; D. Russell Humphreys, Ph.D.; 1990. Rethinking Genesis; Duane Garrett; 2000. The English Septuagint Version, Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton; 1851. The New King James Version; Thomas Nelson; 1982. The Signature of God; Grant R. Jeffrey; 2010. Three Views on Creation and Evolution; J.P. Morland & John Mark Reynolds; 1999. Unveiling Mysteries of the Bible; Grant. R. Jeffrey; 2002.

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