Christian Apologetics Study



Today, many within the secular scientific community have largely dismissed the Genesis flood as Hebrew mythology or a local flood event because they believe that there is no hard evidence for a global flood during Earth’s history. However, scientific investigations in crustal physics and plate tectonics have demonstrated to researchers that a more spherical planet Earth with less high mountains could have been flooded, with the ensuing volcanic, hydraulic, and geo-physical activities altering the planet Earth’s surface, according to many global flood theorists. These scientific explanations have annihilated many Darwinian arguments against the global flood theory, but the idea of “local flood” has remained because Darwinists, evolutionists, atheists, agnostics, and liberal critics are against any evidence that supports the existence of an omniscient, omnipresent, and omnipotent God that judges sinful humanity. Therefore, bible believing creation scientists who embrace the global flood theory argue that a cataclysmic global flood destroyed primeval humanity and land animals on the planet Earth, except for the people and animals occupying a wooden vessel about 4,500 years ago, according to their study of the biblical record, creation science theories, geologic data, and Earth’s mysteries.


The Holy Scriptures teach that the flood was a global hydraulic catastrophe because of the depth and duration of the great flood. The flood waters covered the mountains to a depth of at least the draft of Noah’s Ark (Genesis 7:19-20). Today’s mountains in the Ararat region include Mount Ararat which rises to 17,000 feet in elevation. The flood lasted for a year, peaking 150 days after it started (Genesis 7:11, 8:3-4), then it began to abate. A year-long mountain-covering flood is not a local flood.

The biblical flood was global because of the physical causes for the worldwide deluge. The Bible explains that the breaking open of “all the fountains of the great deep” and the “windows of heaven” (Genesis 7:11) were the primary causes. The “deep” is the ocean; thus the “great deep” could hardly be the cause of a limited local flood. The “windows” seem to refer to the “waters above the (atmospheric) firmament” (Genesis 1:7). These were global causes, producing a global effect.

The biblical flood was worldwide because of the need for Noah to build an Ark. Noah was given many years of warning, long enough to walk anywhere on Earth. The animals also would have lived globally and so could have migrated anywhere. There was no need for an Ark if the great flood was local. The Ark’s size, big enough to carry two (or seven for some) of each land dwelling, air-breathing animal, testifies for a global flood. If Noah used 21 inches for his cubit, then the Ark was 525 feet in length, 52.5 feet height, and 87.5 feet in width.  Therefore, building such a huge ship for a local flood for which there was ample warning would be ludicrous.

The biblical flood was a global event because it involves the destruction of all humanity living outside the Ark of Noah.  The flood’s primary purpose was to destroy sinful mankind. While the Earth’s pre-flood population is not given, reasonable assumptions based on Biblical data for average family size, life spans, and age of parent at time of first-born yield a population far in excess of the maximum Mesopotamian population. The Earth was “filled with violence” (Genesis 6:11–13), and while this may have included animal violence, it certainly included human violence. An Earth filled with violence would necessitate an Earth filled with a population of roughly 10 billion people. A local flood could not destroy so vast a population of humanity. Not only were violent inhabitants under condemnation, the Earth itself was to be destroyed (Genesis 6:13). The word for “Earth” was the same word as used in the creation account (Genesis 1:1). Surely it means the planet, not just a local area.

God’s promise Noah to never flood the entire world again supports the global flood theory. At the end of the flood, God promised that there would never again be such a flood (Genesis 9:15). However, Earth’s history shows that there have been many floods, even regional floods, especially in Mesopotamia, since Noah’s day. If this was merely a local flood, then God broke His promise, and the rainbow covenant means nothing.

Messiah Yeshua’s testimony supports the global flood theory. Messiah compared the days immediately prior to His second coming to the days prior to the great flood of Noah’s days. He reminded us that “the flood came and destroyed them all” (Luke 17:27). The coming judgment will be similarly extensive. If the flood in Noah’s day was local, people living outside the area survived, even though they, too, were sinners. This gives great hope to end-time sinners. Will they be able to escape the coming fiery judgment on sin?

The Testimony of Peter supports the global flood theory. Peter wrote of the coming judgment of the entire heavens and earth (II Peter 3:3–13). He based his argument on the historical facts that the creation was of the entire earth and that the Flood overflowed the entire earth, causing it to perish. If the Flood was only local, does this imply that only a portion of the earth will “melt with fervent heat”? Furthermore, the entire creation will be fully renewed, replaced by “a new heavens and a new earth”. The local flood idea produces theological nonsense.


Global flood scientific theories support a global hydraulic catastrophic event (global flood) about 4,500 years ago. There are many worldwide traditions derived from native populations of a global flood, according to many cultural anthropologists. Early civilization appears to have originated in the region of Ararat and Babylon, according to current archaeological evidence. The genealogical records of many European kings can be traced back to Noah’s son Japheth. Population growth statistics analysis confirms that there appears to have been zero population during the time of the flood’s conclusion. This indicates the global demise of humans by a great flood.

Human paleontological evidence exists even in the earliest geologic ‘ages’ where human footprints have been found in Cambrian, Carboniferous, and Cretaceous rocks. When rock layers were laid down by a global flood, human remains and artifacts would have been preserved in these rock layers. When human remains and artifacts are discovered by evolutionary scientists working in these rock layers, the data is classified as an anomaly because it discredits their belief in Darwinism. The most ancient human artifacts date to the post-flood era. This indicates that most of the pre-flood hardware was buried beyond reach by a huge geophysical and massive hydraulic catastrophe.

Calculations by creation researchers have demonstrated that there is nearly the same amount of organic material present around the globe as there would have been if all the fossils were still alive. This indicates the termination of many life forms in a single global event. Paleontological evidence indicates that the early Planet Earth had a warm and humid climate. This is consistent with the destruction of the old atmosphere by the processes of geophysical and Hydraulic activities as described in the Genesis record. The ice age period began rapidly because this glacial era required a cataclysmic hydraulic and geophysical episode, such as a global flood to cause so rapid climatic transformation.

Evidence for the global flood is found in many geological formations such as rifts, folds, faults, thrusts, and others. These geological formations were created during a cataclysmic global event. Creation science researchers have identified that the world’s folded beds of sediment have no compression breakages, indicating that they were contorted while they were still liquid. For this activity to happen on a global scale and on sediment thousands of meters thick, it would have required a catastrophic global hydraulic event.

Rocks of different geologic ‘ages’ have similar physical features indicating that they could have been created by a single worldwide event, such as a global hydraulic event. There is an absence of physical evidence that indicates a time change between rocks of ‘successive ages’. Sedimentary rock layers worldwide appear to have been laid down very quickly, as by a global hydraulic event. Globally, there is an almost complete absence of any evidence of animal and plant root activity within the tiny layers of sediment. Slowly deposited layers should show this activity, hydraulic deposits wouldn’t. All types of rocks such as limestone, shale, granite, and others occur in all geologic ‘ages’. This indicates a common formation on a global scale – the situation that would have been created by the mixing of sediment in a global hydraulic event. Many geological processes have a recent geological date. If the long-age evolutionary time scale is ignored, these processes would have occurred in the very recent past and as a result of the hydraulic cataclysm. Recent volcanic rocks are distributed widely.

The uplift and movement of mountain ranges were recent, according to creation science chronology. If the long-age evolutionary time scale is understood to be more recent, these processes would have occurred in the very recent past and as a result of the hydraulic cataclysm. There is a lack of correlation between radiometric ‘ages’ and assumed paleontological ‘ages’. A global hydraulic event could easily create an illusion of geologic ‘ages’. The consequent conflict between dating methods confirms the illusion.

Fossil ‘graveyards’ are found worldwide, and in rocks of all ‘ages’. Only a catastrophic global hydraulic event could achieve this. The burial of fossil deposits worldwide had to have occurred in a catastrophic event. Only massive hydraulic event could bury in such a fashion. Marine fossils can be found on the crests of mountains. Apart from mountain uplifting, this can also be explained as the marine animals being washed there and then buried. A global hydraulic event could do this. There is a worldwide distribution of most of the fossil types, indicating transportation on a global scale by a global hydraulic event. Fossils from different ‘ages’ are often found mixed. This indicates a huge mixing of animal bones that is not consistent with a local flood. Worldwide, fossils from different ‘ages’ are often found in the wrong order. This indicates a global mixing of fossils as a consequence of a global hydraulic event. Supposed evolutionary fossil sequences often parallel the ecological zones occurring today. If a global hydraulic event mixed organisms from different areas, it would create the illusion of a fossil sequence over time.

Dinosaurs and many other prehistoric creatures died out suddenly. A catastrophe such as a global hydraulic event could have produced this result. Polystrate fossils, which are vertical fossil tree trunks, are found worldwide indicating turbulent or rapid deposition. A global hydraulic event would be required to do this worldwide. Polystrate fossils also form when water-logged timber sinks in a large body of water. A year of global hydraulic events could produce worldwide polystrate fossils formed in this way. Animal tracks and other ephemeral markings have been preserved throughout the geological column. Rapid covering of these markings is required for this preservation worldwide and by a global hydraulic event.

Meteorites are basically absent from the geologic column. With the large number of meteorites hitting the Planet Earth each year, they should be very plentiful throughout the sedimentary rocks – unless much of the world’s sedimentary rocks were laid down in one year. Sedimentary rocks contain fossil ripple-marks and raindrop imprints, but no hail imprints. A global hydraulic event, not caused by storms, would not leave hail imprint marks. Furthermore, some desert areas show evidence of ‘recent’ water bodies. Water from a recent global hydraulic event would remain in large pools for some time before evaporating.

There is evidence of a recent drastic rise in sea level. A global hydraulic event could easily have created this feature. Raised shorelines are found worldwide indicating a time when the world had a different sea level and more land mass. A consistent interpretation of this is that a global hydraulic event altered the levels of the oceans and seas. Mountain-high water level marks found throughout the world are consistent with the recession of a global hydraulic event. River terraces are found worldwide. There is a universal occurrence of rivers in valleys too large for the present stream. Slow erosion over millions of years could not have created these valleys as the mountains would have eroded, keeping pace with the valley erosion. The drainage of global flood waters from the land surface could easily create such wide valleys in a short period of time.

Only modern sediments show any evidence of surface drainage systems. If the majority of the world’s sedimentary rocks were laid down by a global flood there would not be any sign of drainage erosion except for the top layers eroded during the recession of the flood waters off the land. Hydrologic evidence points to the rapid deposition of sedimentary rock layers. Therefore, the thousands of meters of sediment must have been deposited by a catastrophic global flood. Hydrologic evidence points to the world’s sedimentary rocks being deposited in one continuous episode. All the layers could have been laid down by a single event, such as a global flood.

Finally, hydrologic experiments show that flowing sediment automatically settles out in distinct layers. Therefore, sedimentary rock layers can be just as easily explained as flood debris, as slow deposition. There is a worldwide occurrence of deep alluvial deposits and sedimentary rocks consistent with a huge global flood. There is a near-random deposition of formational sequences. Nowhere in the world is it possible to see the complete geologic column as a single structure. It is always found in bits and pieces, and mostly with pieces missing. Globally, a worldwide flood could create the illusion of a geologic column. The oldest organisms still alive on Planet Earth today, the Californian Redwoods, Sequoias and Bristlecone Pines, are roughly 4,500 years old. Nothing is older than the date of Noah’s flood, according to many global flood theorists.


The geologic data supports a global flood event around 4,500 years ago.  The geologic column does not represent the slow evolution of life over many ages, as the evolution model alleges, but rather the rapid destruction and burial of life in one age, in accordance with the creation model. The Earth’s crust is almost completely covered with stratified rock, laid down by volcanic or aquatic action. This is exactly what one would expect from a universal flood that covered the entire Earth. Instead of assuming that the geologic column was laid down over long periods of time, Creation scientists argue it was deposited rapidly and catastrophically. Instead of saying that the fossil record sequences demonstrate evolution, flood geologists affirm it demonstrates the burial of life in distinct ecological zones. The fossil record different life forms in different places, not unlike what we observe today.

The Paleozoic Era show the plant and animal life forms captured in the sedimentary layers when the global flood waters were rising rapidly during the first 50 days of the great flood. The Paleozoic Era was a time of great change on Earth. This era commenced with the breakup of Earth’s supercontinent called Pangaea. This era comprised the Precambrian (Bacteria, Algae, and Jellyfish), Cambrian (Invertebrate animals, Brachiopods, Trilobites), Ordovician (Bony Fishes), Silurian (land animals), Devonian (seed plants cartilage fish), Mississippian (crinoids), Pennsylvanians (Insects), and Permian (reptiles).

The Mesozoic Era shows the plant and animal life forms captured in the sedimentary layers when the global flood waters continued rising worldwide. The Mesozoic Era lasted for another 50 days, and is divided into three periods, the Triassic, the Jurassic, and the Cretaceous. All pre-flood land dwelling dinosaurs drowned during this period.  And elements of the Cenozoic era show plant and animals captured in sedimentary layers when the global flood waters completely covered the entire Earth for another 50 days. The Cenozoic Era is generally divided into three periods: the Paleogene, the Neogene, and the Quaternary. However, the era has been traditionally divided into the Tertiary and Quaternary periods. Paleogene and Neogene eras lasted for another 50 days, while the Quaternary era begins the post-flood period around 4,500 years ago.


When we recognize that Noah’s Flood was the most devastating event in the planet Earth’s history that involved crustal breakup, violent eruptions, and entire submersion of all land masses under water with the devastation and entombment of land animals and human life, we begin to understand that Noah’s Flood offers the key to understanding the planet Earth’s primeval past because the global flood event explains seven mysteries about planet Earth’s past and present. The Genesis flood explains the distribution of the planet Earth’s continents, its topography, its deserts, its forests, and its cold regions. The Genesis flood explains why there are stratified rock layers, canyons, river systems, and petrified rock. The Genesis explains why there are prehistoric life forms preserved in fossils. The Genesis flood explains where the supply of coal originated. The Genesis flood explains the causation of Ice ages in planet Earth’s history. The Genesis Flood explains the origins of human and animal distribution. Finally, the Genesis Flood explains the origination of civilizations, cultures, races and languages.


The Holy Scripture supports the global flood theory for several reasons. First, there was a need for the ark to save a remnant of humanity and animal life. If the flood were local, then all of the effort to build the ark would have been unnecessary. Noah could have just traveled to another region instead of building an ark. Second, pre-flood humanity lived on a single super-continent sometimes called Pangaea; therefore, humankind was distributed worldwide before the flood. Cain settled in the land of Nod, which could have been thousands of kilometers away from the Middle East region. Third, the great flood forecast the coming judgments describe in biblical passages of 2-Peter 3:8, Isaiah 24,  Daniel chapters 9, 10, 11, and 12, and Revelation chapters 6 to 19, 20, and 21.  The comparison made between the historical flood judgment and the coming judgments, which states that as God once destroyed the world by a flood he will likewise do

it by fire.  Fourth, if the flood were local it would mean that God lied to Noah when He promised to never send another destructive flood because there have of course been many local destructive floods since caused by tsunamis, hurricanes, and rain water. Finally, many flood traditions found in the history of every ancient civilization and culture describe a global flood where everyone died and only a few people with animals survived in an ocean vessel.


Creation Scientists Answer Their Critics; Duane T Gish, Ph.D., 1993. Creation; Dr. Grant Jeffrey; 2003. In The Beginning: Compelling Evidence for Creation and the Flood; Dr. Walter Brown; 2008. Unveiling Mysteries of the Bible; Dr. Grant Jeffrey; 2002. Panorama of Creation; Carl E. Baugh, Ph.D.; 1992. The Collapse of Evolution; Scott M. Huse; 1995. The Great Dinosaur Mystery: Ken Ham; 2009. The Lie Evolution; Ken Ham; 2009.The New Answers Book2; Ken Ham; 2008. The Genesis Flood; Dr. John C. Whitcomb and Dr. Henry Morris; 2011. Unmasking Evolution; Laurence D Smart; 1995. Why Do Men Believe Evolution Against All Odds; Carl E. Baugh, Ph.D.; 1999.




The Heliocentric Creation Theory argues that the creation week’s first day began in Genesis 1:2-3 following God’s original creation of the Heavens and the Earth as described in Genesis 1:1. The planet Earth existed as a water-covered planet for and unknown time (Genesis 1:2). In other words, God first created the physical universe of galaxies, stars, planets, and moons before creating the planet Earth. God later renovated the Earth’s surface before placing life on the planet Earth around six or seven thousand years ago. This modern creation theory teaches that the Creation Week days were normal solar days. This theory says that the universe and planet Earth were created during the dateless pass, but life on planet Earth was created approximately 6,000 or 7,000 years ago. This theory argues that portions of the Holy Scriptures employ the language of visual appearance, but never the language of precise scientific description; therefore, after Genesis 1:1 and beginning in Genesis 1:2, the creation history is told from the perspective of the Earth’s surface or from a geocentric orientation.

Many biblical scholars and creation scientists embrace the Genesis Heliocentric Creation Theory because this theory appears to be consistent with biblical interpretations and modern scientific explanations about the order of creation. Their basic assumptions argue that the universe was already there with all the heavenly bodies. They believe the sun is located at the center of the solar system with planets revolving around the sun.  The Earth is rotating on its axis and revolving around the sun just as it is today. However, the land mass was submerged in water, and there was a dark envelope over the Earth’s surface environment.

This theory rejects the belief in the re-creation of the planet Earth after Genesis 1:1-2, while it teaches the renovation of the planet Earth following the Earth’s original creation in Genesis 1:1. This theory rejects antheistic Darwinism, philosophical naturalism, secular materialism, theistic evolutionism, old Earth progressive creationism, young Earth geocentric creationism. The following information offers an explanation of the heliocentric creation theory’s interpretation of the Genesis creation account.


Heliocentrism is supported by creation science researchers as Dr, Chuck Missler, Barry Setterfield, Dr. Robert Gentry, Dr. Danny Faultner, Dr. Russell Humphreys , and Dr. Jason Lisle. Heliocentrism is the astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the center of the Solar System. The evidence primarily used to support heliocentrism include:

  • Foucault’s pendulum demonstrates the rotation of the Earth; without such rotation there is no reason for the pendulum to rotate its plane of swing.
  • A non-rotating Earth would require the outer planets and the stars to be moving at excessive (trans-light) speeds. Measurements of relative motion between the Earth and the nearer planets indicate that the other planets are not moving fast enough for the Earth to be stationary.
  • Differences in escape velocity at the poles vs the equator wouldn’t exist on a non-rotating planet. Similarly, satellites in geostationary orbit would be motionless over a non-rotating planet, and would simply fall down.
  • The Coriolis effect would not exist on a stationary Earth.
  • Earthquakes, including those induced by placing explosives in geological fault-lines, can produce measurable changes in the Earth’s rotation. If the Earth is in fact stationary, this would mean that events on Earth can instantaneously affect the motions of stars many many light-years away.
  • The orbit of the Earth around the sun is used as a baseline for measuring distance to stars using the parallax method – if the Earth was stationary this ought not to be possible.
  • The relative frequency of shooting stars before and after midnight indicates that the Earth is both rotating and moving through space.
  • The red shift measured in stars’ spectra changes in an annual cycle; if the Earth is not circling the sun, then stars must be constantly accelerating and decelerating in the universe.


Before the creation week began, God created the universe: “In the beginning God created the Heavens and the Earth” (Genesis 1:1 NIV). This single verse describes the actual transformation of invisible energy into all of the fundamental physical forms of matter (as summarized in Albert Einstein’s famous E=MC2 equation) that would be transformed into moons, planets, stars, galaxies, and everything else – including humankind.  The next verse describes the Earth following its creation and sometime after the creation of the universe: “Now the Earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and The Spirit of God was hovering over the waters” (Genesis 1:2 NIV).

The universe as it exists was not produced by some cosmic accident. The conditions of creation were intricately planned and considered. A mindless uncontrolled “big bang” would result in destruction and chaos, not the life and order we now observe. On the other hand, a great initial expansion of physical matter that had just been transformed from pure energy, followed by orderly development (from natural laws put into force beforehand by the Creator: gravitational force, electromagnetic force, strong nuclear force, and weak nuclear force) of stars, galaxies and everything else, is reasonable, rational, and logical. Therefore, what follows, in the “seven days,” is a description of the forming of substance already created in preparation for the creation of humankind.


The first creation day on Earth began when God said “Let there be light” (Genesis 1:3 NIV). The sun was already shining brightly, but God made the Earth’s thick new atmosphere allow diffuse light to penetrate to the surface. And so it was that the light was made separate from darkness. The first day of Earth’s creation was literally the first “day” as someone on Earth’s surface would experience it – a period of opaque light, and a period of darkness (Genesis 1:3-5 NIV).

We learn that God’s creative power is manifested by simply speaking. His first creative word called forth light in the midst of darkness. In John 1:1-2 we learn that the “Word” (Yeshua) was in the beginning, and that the “Word” was with God and was God. John further tells us that “through him [the Word] all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made” (John 1:3 NIV). God did not just make a physical universe: “God saw all that he had made, and it was very good” (Genesis 1:31 NIV). Whatever God makes is very good indeed, because the Word through which He created all things is the very essence of goodness, beauty, and light: “In him (Yeshua) was life, and that life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness” (John 1:4 NIV), now as it did at the very beginning of creation.


On the second day, God separated the waters. There was no liquid water, no oceans. All of the water was in the form of a vapor, a worldwide super-fog, extending a number of kilometers up from the very hot bare-rock earth’s surface. God’s “hovering over the waters” in verse 2 describes His being above that gaseous-water atmosphere, not a liquid ocean. God then caused most of the water to condense onto the cooling earth which simultaneously formed a whole-planet ocean and cleared the sky (Genesis 1:6-8 NIV). The expanse, called “sky,” is the atmosphere, or layer of air between the water-covered Earth and the clouds above.

Today many creation scientists believe that God created a transparent crystalline water canopy surrounding the whole water covered Earth, while other biblical scholars and creation science researchers believe that the Hebrew word for firmament or expanse is an example of phenomenological language, where things are described not in scientific verifiable terminology, but merely as they appear to the common observer. If the canopy theory is correct, then this fact explains why plants and animals experience gigantism and longevity during the pre-flood generations.


On the third day, God formed a super-continent and a super-ocean. The further cooling of the surface set in motion a process of natural contraction, uplifting and motion of the crust. The Earth changed from a smooth water covered ball into a planet with an irregular surface with ocean basins and landmass. With dry ground available, the first plants were made to grow in great abundance (Genesis 1:9-13). Earth’s original landmass existed as a single super-continent before it became divided into seven major continents (Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America) following the worldwide flood (Genesis 10:25).  In other words, God caused the land masses to rise and this caused the waters to recede into one large ocean around it. The Earth’s crust is a shell of rock, and land masses are granite ‘blocks’ imbedded in the basaltic rocks beneath. The words “Let the waters gather to one place” indicates that God formed one super-ocean. This means that all the post-flood fragmented land masses were once joined together into a single landmass, forming a pre-flood super-continent. This was the first Earth God had created (Revelation 21:1-2). Because we are not told exactly how God made plant life, God could have supernaturally placed the seeds in the soil before commanding them grow supernaturally in an instant.


On the fourth day, God allowed the sun, moon, and stars to appear. Before this day, the sun, moon, and stars were invisible. God transformed the upper atmosphere from a translucent sky into a transparent sky.    The sun, moon, and stars were to “serve as signs to mark the seasons, months, and days.” The sun measured the day (sunset to sunset), the moon measured the month (new moon to new moon), and the stars measured the seasons (Genesis 1:14-19 NIV). The appearance of the sun and the moon on the Fourth day was not a new creation. They had existed in beginning (Genesis 1:1 NIV). The words translated “made” in the 16th verse is not the same word as is translated “created” in verse one, and does not imply a “creative” act. What is meant here is that the clouds broke away and permitted the sun and moon to be seen, and from that time they were appointed to measure the days, and years, and seasons as we have them today.  If light speed has remained constant since the beginning (Genesis 1:1), then these stars were there for millions and even billions of years ago because light takes millions and even billions of years to reach the Earth from the distant stars when traveling at 300,000 (186,282 miles per second) kilometers per second. However, if light speed was faster in the past than its current speed today, then it could have reach the Earth in thousands of years.


On the fifth day, God created flying creatures for the sky and marine animals for the ocean. This day’s work included the primeval fishes, amphibians, reptiles, mammals, and birds. The fossil record show that these creatures were larger in size probably because they lived longer in an environment designed for maximum genetic expression. God created many other life forms during the Fifth Day, but only the fishes and birds are mentioned. God blessed them and said, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth.” (Genesis 1:20-23 NKJV). Here is the first time we come across the word “CREATE” since we read of the original creation of the earth in verse one.


On the sixth day, God created land animals and humankind. This day’s work included the creation of reptiles, mammals, flightless birds, along with sauropod and theropod dinosaurs. God reveals that each living creature on the land is created “according to their kind.” This refutes the notion that all species of animals evolved from a single, common, primeval organism. It supports the scientific evidence that living creatures have adapted over time to their environment, while there is no convincing evidence that one species of animal has evolved into another. God created humankind in His own image. God saw everything that He had made, and it was “good” (1:4, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25, 31). It is interesting to note that God declared all that he had made on the sixth day “very good” perhaps to stress the relative significance of this day in comparison to the prior days.


On the Seventh Day, God concluded His work on creation; and He RESTED, not because God was tired, but because the seventh day of the creation week was a type of the Sabbath. This appears clear from Exodus 20:11 because Moses wrote that “For in six days the Lord made heaven and Earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the SEVENTH day; wherefore the Lord blessed the SABBATH day, and hallowed it.” According to the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Septuagint version of the bible, this passage says that God CEASE from working, which indicates that God was never tired, but that God only stopped working on the seventh day.


The Heliocentric Creation Theory teaches that Genesis 1:1 describes God’s original creation of the universe through a cosmic expansion event originating from God’s Supernatural Word. The Word of God created the space-time dimension, all the matter and energy, and all the laws of nature and ultimately all heavenly bodies including the Earth, Sun, Moon and stars. According to this theory, the narrative shifts forward in time and changes from a cosmic panoramic perspective to an Earthly surface perspective in Genesis 1:2 (the Earth was void and dark).

After the creation of the universe, God caused sunlight to penetrate the darkness and illuminate the Earth’s water covered surface (Genesis 1:3) on the First Day. The development of the hydrological cycle began on the Second Day (Genesis 1:6). The formation of a super-continent, super-ocean, and vegetation were all completed on the Third Day (Genesis 1:9-11). Atmospheric transparency occurred on the Fourth Day where the heavenly bodies became visible (Genesis 1:14). The creation of marine and flying creatures occurred on the Fifth Day (Genesis 1:24). The creation of land animals and humankind happened on the Six Day (Genesis 1:24-26). And no additional creation happened on the Seventh Day (Genesis 2:2).

When we read the biblical words, ‘after its kind’ used each time a major branch of living things is created, the word ‘Species’ is sometimes appropriate. Darwinism has never demonstrated that one species (animal kind) can transform into another. All scientific observations and evidences indicate that such major transformations are genetically impossible under natural conditions.  Creation science researchers do observe minor variations within a species, and Darwinists make the false assumption that given millions of years, one species would convert to another. However, the fossil record, the thermodynamic laws, entropy, and information science have all demonstrated that biological evolution is simply impossible.  The Creation history properly ends halfway in Genesis 2:4 and not with Genesis 1:31.

Finally, the Heliocentric Creation Theory appears to embrace a more scientific creation model by avoiding the hyper-literalism of the young Earth creation model. This theory does not attempt to prove that the universe and planet Earth to be either young or old, but that the readers of Genesis understand the modern scientific creation order as revealed in the scientific method and the Genesis creation account. This creation model does not completely solve the problems in science and faith because many biblical scholars do not identify any time gap between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2. Many creation scientists and biblical scholars believe that the sun, moon, and stars were created on the fourth day rather than during the creative events of Genesis 1:1.  This issue does not prove that this theory is completely wrong because other biblical scholars argue that there exists a gap of time between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2. They believe the sun, moon, and stars were made during the creation of the universe Genesis 1:1.

Although the heliocentric creation theory presents an interpretation of Genesis chapter one that is more consistent with modern scientific observations and explanations, it does not appear to support a completely literal interpretation of the Genesis creation account. This theory requires the reader to embrace the language of visual appearance theory, which appears to be demonstrated throughout most of God’s Holy Scriptures.


Creation; Dr. Grant R. Jeffrey; 2003. Genesis One; Dr. Gerald Schroeder With Zola Levitt; 1998. Genesis and The Big Bang; Gerald L. Schroeder, Ph.D.;1992. Starlight and Time; D. Russell Humphreys, Ph.D.; 1990. Rethinking Genesis; Duane Garrett; 2000. The English Septuagint Version, Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton; 1851. The New King James Version; Thomas Nelson; 1982. The Signature of God; Grant R. Jeffrey; 2010. Three Views on Creation and Evolution; J.P. Morland & John Mark Reynolds; 1999. Unveiling Mysteries of the Bible; Grant. R. Jeffrey; 2002. The Genesis Account of Creation; Lee Warren, B.A., D.D.; 1997. Creation Revealed in Six Days; P.J. Wiseman; 1946. Dispensational Truth; Rev Clarence Larkin; 1920. Unformed and Unfilled; Dr. Weston Fields;2005.