Christian Apologetics Study



“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light. And God saw the light and that it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness. God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. So the evening and the morning were the first day.” (Genesis 1:1-5 NKJV).

The Holy Scriptures reveal that God made the universe in six days, according to Genesis 1:1-31, Exodus 20:11, and Exodus 31:17. On the first day, God created the universe before He reshaped the planet Earth into a gigantic spherical mass of empty water in Genesis 1:2 and then He divided the light from darkness in Genesis 1:3. This supernatural light would never have been mentioned by evolutionists. On day two God separated the water from the air. The origins of oxygen would not predate land, according to the evolution theory. On the third day, God created the land and plants. On the fourth day, God created the sun, moon, and stars. The Earth predating the sun, moon, and stars by three days is considered scientific heresy by evolutionists. On day five fish and birds were created. The birds coming before land animals contradict all macro-evolutionary models. On the sixth day of creation, land animals and man were created. At this time there was no death on the Earth, and God proclaimed it was good. The six days of creation contradicts all evolutionary models, which claims death predates humankind.


God creates through a process of first forming and later filling. The first three days describe God forming the universe while the last three days records God filling the universe, according to Dr. Weston Fields. In other words, God form the light on the First Day before filling the universe with stars, galaxies, planets, and moons on the Fourth Day. God formed the Earth’s atmosphere and ocean on the Second Day before filling the sky and sea with flying creatures and marine life forms on the Fifth Day. God formed a single landmass on the Third Day before filling the super-continent with land animals and humankind on the Sixth Day (Genesis 1:1-31 NKJV). From Genesis to Revelation, God is always forming order out of chaos, light out of darkness, life out of death, and success out of failure. Today, God is continually forming and filling the lives of believers daily.


God created the entire universe on the first day by the power of His words. This means that God spoke the universe into existence with invisible energy, according to Psalm 33:9, Isaiah 45:11-12, John 1:1-5, and Hebrews 11:3. This explanation makes no sense until we study quantum physics and string theory where we learn the relationship between invisible energy and visible matter. All matter is made up of atoms, which are made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons. Within these subatomic particles are quarks. Beyond the quarks are smaller energy particles which behave like vibrating strings generating waves of energy. This means that the correct quantum vibration of energy can generate and shape matter. String theory demonstrates that Genesis is supported by quantum physics. Today, the most self-consistent string theories propose 11 dimensions; four correspond to the three ordinary spatial dimensions and time, while the rest are believed to be curled up and not perceptible to humanity, according to some creation science researchers.

When God used His word to create all things, this also means that God employed the sound wave energy from His voice to create and shape matter. God’s words are vibrations of energy that affects matter. All “things” (matter) are made of atoms. Nothing is really solid, including the kitchen table even if it is made of oak and steel. We may not see the space between the atoms in our table, but if we could see that small, we could also see movement because the kitchen table is vibrating. Everything has a frequency of vibration. We vibrate, our cars vibrate, and even large mountains vibrate. They all have a natural frequency.

Faith is an unseen energy force. It is not matter, but it creates matter and actually becomes matter. That is because faith-energized words convert energy to matter. Words are the catalyst that turns the substance of faith into physical manifestation. Faith is the raw material from which all matter is made. Hebrews 11:1 says that “faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.” These words mean that faith is the invisible substance from which God’s physical universe was created. God used faith-substance and word-energy to create the universe. He spoke and the vibration (sound) of His words released the substance that became the stars, planets, and everything else.


On the first creation day, God made the universe. The words “in the beginning God created the heavens (SPACE-TIME DIMENSION) and the Earth (ENERGY-MATTER/E=MC2)” describe God forming space, time, and matter into existence, which makes up the universe. Genesis 1:1 describes invisible energy transformation into all matter, which is explained in Albert Einstein’s famous E=MC2 equation. This equation sketches the energy conversion into matter. The universe as it exists was not produced by some cosmic accident. The conditions of creation were intricately planned and considered. A mindless uncontrolled “big bang” would result in destruction and chaos, not the life and order we now observe. On the other hand, a great initial expansion of physical matter that had just been transformed from pure energy, followed by orderly formation of stars, galaxies and everything else, is reasonable, rational, and logical.


The Biblical word for “HEAVENS” is used in three different ways in the Bible. First, the word describes the Earth’s atmosphere, where the birds fly (Genesis 1:20; Hosea 4:3; Proverbs 23:5 NKJV), Second, the word describes outer space where the sun, moon, and stars are, perhaps including the atmosphere (Genesis 1:14-17; 22:17; Joshua 10:13). And third, the word describes the eternal, spiritual dwelling place of God almighty and His holy angels (1 Kings 8:27, 30; Psalm 11:4; Matthew 5:16; 6:9; 1 Peter 1:12; 2 Corinthians 12:2,4 NKJV). The word for “HEAVENS” here in Genesis 1:1 cannot have the last meaning. This word does not refer to the atmosphere as we now know it. This word does not refer to the heavenly bodies as we now know them because they were not formed till the second and fourth creation days. We must conclude that the term “HEAVENS” here mostly likely refer to all the matter above the Earth which at this point remained UNORGANIZED just as the Earth itself existed, but was not
yet organized (Genesis 1:2 NKJV). Later in the creation process, the heavens were organized into the atmosphere and the heavenly bodies, just as Earth itself was later organized into a form such as we now know it. In other words, here God formed the space-time dimension before creating the matter that would fill the universe.

Space is 3-dimensional because it includes the measurements of height, depth, and width. Time is 3-dimensional because it involves the realm of past, present, and future. The space-time dimension is the single entity that relates space and time in a four-dimensional structure. Albert Einstein postulated this concept in his relativity theory. Before Einstein, the scientific community believed that there was no connection between space and time. Many scientists believe that space was a 3-dimensional arrangement of all possible point locations. They viewed time as an independent one-dimensional concept. However, Einstein demonstrated that a relative motion complete description require equations that include time along with the three spatial dimensions. He demonstrated that space-time is curved, which allowed him to account for gravitation in his general relativity theory.


The word EARTH refers to the matter and energy or material substance decorating the universe. At this point in creation, the planet Earth existed as a mass of empty water. In other words, God had only brought into existence the basic elements to be used in forming the universe. But what existed had no useful or meaningful shape (without form), and contained nothing (void – it was uninhabited, no life yet existed). The surface of Earth is described simply as the “deep” and “waters” – apparently a solution or liquid form of matter in no useful form. Furthermore, there was apparently no existing energy, for there was darkness. All our energy comes physically from light. At this time there was no light. Darkness is the absence of light. However, God the Holy Spirit was present hovering over the waters. He was alive and involved in the events, though after this we are told little of what He did.
Matter and energy are two different expressions of the same physical entity and they are material substances that constitute the observable universe and they form the basis of all objective phenomena. Matter is made up of atoms and all atoms contain protons, neutrons, and electrons. Atoms are the basic building blocks of matter. Every physical entity can be described, physically, and mathematically, in terms of interrelated quantities of mass, inertia, and gravitation. Matter generally occurs in four states plasmas, gases, liquids, and solids.

Energy exists in various forms, including kinetic, potential, thermal, chemical, electrical, and nuclear. Energy can be converted from one form to another. Although energy may be converted from one form to another, it may not be created or destroyed because the total energy in a closed system remains constant. All forms of energy are associated with motion. Heat and work involve the transfer of energy and heat transferred may become thermal energy.

Genesis 1:1-2 are included in the events of the first creation day. This perspective clearly fit the pattern of the chapter. The chapter is divided into sections by days and each section ends with words the evening and the morning were of particular day. The main reason for this view is that God’s word expressly says in Exodus 20:11: “For in six days the Lord made the HEAVENS and the EARTH, the sea, and
all that is in them.” This truth is expressly repeated in Exodus 31:17. This appears to mean that God’s word expressly states that the HEAVENS and EARTH (universe) were made in the six days of creation. This means that Genesis 1:1 is part of the events of the first day. Therefore, on the first day God brought the HEAVENS and Earth into existence before God created light.


When God says “light there be light” in Genesis 1:3, this form of light was supernatural light originating from the Creator Himself because the galaxies, stars, planets, and moons were not created until creation day four. God’s light is much brighter than the noonday sun because Paul said Messiah Yeshua appeared to him as light brighter than the noonday sun (Acts 9:15 NKJV). The Earth’s primeval atmosphere was so heavily overcast with thick darkness that only God’s light could remove the darkness. We read elsewhere in Scripture that God is light (1 John 1:5 NKJV). Messiah Yeshua said “I am the light of the world” (John 8:12 NKJV). We read in Revelation 21:22-24 that the Earth’s inhabitants have no need of the sun because God’s light illuminates the Earth’s atmosphere. God’s light flooded the universe and it generated additional matter and energy required for the formation of galaxies, stars, planets, and moons on the fourth creation day (Genesis 1:14-19 NKJV).

The creation of the heavens and the Earth formed the raw materials required for the following days. The word for heavens” refers to everything beyond the Earth, outer space. In other words, the words for HEAVENS and EARTH describe the entire universe made up of space, time, and matter. The planet Earth is made as mass of water before the God’s Spirit give the Earth a spherical shape. God then speaks visible light into existence. The Light of this period was supernatural and it flooded the universe in a flash. This light shined on the Earth before the creation of the sun, moon, and stars. God then separates the light from the darkness and names the light “DAY” and the darkness “NIGHT.” All of this creative work occurs during one day.

When God separated visible light from darkness, he divided what was different in essence, for darkness is the absence of visible light. They are separate and cannot be the same. Light removes darkness. This physical truth is the symbol of many spiritual truths regarding right and wrong (1 John 1:3-7 NKJV). Darkness did not cease to exist, but it was distinct from visible light. God named His creations. Visible light was called “day” and darkness called “night.” The evening and morning were the first day. In this verse it appears that “evening” and “morning” refer to the darkness and light God had just made.


Modern cosmology teaches that the universe is more than 10 billion years old. On the other hand, some creation scientists teach the universe is less than 10 thousand years old. Many people have been taught that the universe is the result of an explosion called the “Big Bang”. This explosion was triggered by a quantum fluctuation. During this explosive expansion, all the matter of the universe supposedly expanded outward from a tiny pinpoint. This cosmic expansion began from its “center” where all of the matter exploded outward from its “center.” We would assume that the universe had a center and an edge. However, all modern cosmological models start with the assumption that the universe has neither a center nor an edge (This concept is almost impossible to imagine). The Big Bang theory says the universe is billions of years old at every location. However, this evolutionary assumption directly contradicts logic and reason.

Rather than begin with these evolutionary assumptions (a universe having no center and no edge), a few creation science physicists decided to take the most apparent meaning of the Holy Bible and see what model of the universe developed. The Bible clearly indicates three things about God’s formation of the universe. First, the planet Earth is the center of God’s attention in the universe. By inference, the Earth is probably located near the center so that humankind can see the glory of God’s creation in every direction. Second, the universe (both matter and space itself) has been “stretched out”, according to the Holy Scriptures (Isaiah 45:11-12 and Isaiah 51:12-13) and scientific observations. Third, the universe has a boundary, and therefore it must have a center. When we plug in these biblical revelations, scientific observations, and rational assumptions into the currently accepted formulas of physics, we discover that we are living in a universe in which clocks tick at different rates depending on our location in the universe.

Furthermore, the time dilation effect would be magnified tremendously as the universe was originally expanding. As the universe expanded, there was a point when time was moving very rapidly at the outer edge and essentially stopped near the center. At this point in the expansion of the universe, only days were passing near the center, while billions of years were passing in the heavens. This theory means that only a few days went by on the Earth’s surface, during a seven day creation week, while millions and billions of years of cosmic history transpired in the expanding outer regions of space. This is the inevitable conclusion based on Dr. Albert Einstein’s General Relativity Theory and Dr. Russell Humphreys’ New Creation Science Model. This means that the universe is both billions of years old and thousands of years old, according to Dr. Chuck Missler.


On the first day, God creates the entire universe with the formation of time, space, and matter. The Holy Scriptures begins with the universe’s creation when Moses wrote the words “In the beginning God created the heavens and the Earth” (Genesis 1:1 NKJV). The word for beginning sketches the creation of time. The word for heaven describes the creation of space. And the word for Earth describes the creation of matter. In other words, this first verse describes the formation of the space-time dimension along with invisible energy transformation into all matter, which is explained in Albert Einstein’s famous E=MC2 equation. This equation sketches the energy conversion into matter. The second verse describes the Earth after its original formation and after the universe’s creation: “Now the Earth was formless and empty, darkness covered the Earth’s watery surface and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters” (Genesis 1:2 NKJV). Genesis chapter one verse two reveals the perspective of the following creation events.

The original universe was UNFORMED and UNFILLED because it had no galaxies, no stars, no planets (except Earth), and no moons. The cosmos was decorated with the darkness of outer-space and only the planet Earth existed. The original planet Earth was unformed and unfilled because it existed as a gigantic mass of empty water (Genesis 1:2 NKJV). God’s Spirit moved on the watery mass and generated a spherical shape. All life on Earth depends on water to survive and function properly. Plants need water to properly perform photosynthesis. Humans and animals need water to stay hydrated and for cellular respiration to work. Water contains the integration of hydrogen and oxygen (H2O). The Earth’s surface is the perspective of the entire creation history. This means that after Genesis 1:1, the whole creation account is described from the perspective of a geocentric orientation or from the view of the planet Earth’s surface.

God’s first creation on the unformed earth was light. Light is energy from which all our other energy forms come. To have life as we know it,

energy is required. Thus, God began by making the energy — light. What God created was “good.” This is said repeatedly regarding nearly every day, and is stated in summary regarding the whole creation (Genesis 1:31 NKJV). God is perfect and makes no mistakes. God originally made all things very good and fully functional and perfect before the universe began its decline because of entropy and thermodynamics increasing after the creation week.

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