Christian Apologetics Study



The Renovation Creation Theory argues that the creation week’s first day began in Genesis 1:2-3 following God’s original creation of the Heavens and the Earth as described in Genesis 1:1. The planet Earth existed as a water-covered planet for and unknown time (Genesis 1:2). In other words, God first created the physical universe of galaxies, stars, planets, and moons before creating the planet Earth. God later renovated the Earth’s surface before placing life on the planet Earth around six or seven thousand years ago. This modern creation theory teaches that the Creation Week days were normal solar days. This theory says that the universe and planet Earth were created during the dateless pass, but life on planet Earth was created approximately 6,000 or 7,000 years ago. This theory argues that portions of the Holy Scriptures employ the language of visual appearance, but never the language of precise scientific description; therefore, after Genesis 1:1 and beginning in Genesis 1:2, the creation history is told from the perspective of the Earth’s surface or from a geocentric orientation.

Some biblical scholars and creation scientists embrace the Genesis Renovation Creation Theory because this theory appears to be consistent with biblical interpretations and modern scientific explanations about the order of creation. Their basic assumptions argue that the universe was already there with all the heavenly bodies. They believe the sun is located at the center of the solar system with planets revolving around the sun. The Earth is rotating on its axis and revolving around the sun just as it is today. However, the land mass was submerged in water, and there was a dark envelope over the Earth’s surface environment.

This theory rejects the belief in the re-creation of the planet Earth after Genesis 1:1-2, while it teaches the renovation of the planet Earth during six days following the Earth’s original creation in Genesis 1:1. Before Genesis 1:2, the planet Earth existed in its lifeless condition for an unknown time before the six creation days beginning in Genesis 1:3. The Renovation Creation theory rejects atheistic Darwinism, philosophical naturalism, secular materialism, atheistic evolutionism, theistic evolutionism, old Earth progressive creationism, young Earth fundamental creationism, and young Earth geocentric creationism.


The renovation creation theory supports a heliocentric view for the solar system. Heliocentrism is supported by creation science researchers as Dr, Chuck Missler, Barry Setterfield, Dr. Robert Gentry, Dr. Danny Faultner, Dr. Russell Humphreys, and Dr. Jason Lisle. Heliocentrism is the astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the center of the Solar System. The evidence primarily used to support heliocentrism includes:
• Foucault’s pendulum demonstrates the rotation of the Earth; without such rotation there is no reason for the pendulum to rotate its plane of swing.
• A non-rotating Earth would require the outer planets and the stars to be moving at excessive (trans-light) speeds. Measurements of relative motion between the Earth and the nearer planets indicate that the other planets are not moving fast enough for the Earth to be stationary.
• Differences in escape velocity at the poles vs the equator wouldn’t exist on a non-rotating planet. Similarly, satellites in geostationary orbit would be motionless over a non-rotating planet, and would simply fall down.
• The Coriolis effect would not exist on a stationary Earth.
• Earthquakes, including those induced by placing explosives in geological fault-lines, can produce measurable changes in the Earth’s rotation. If the Earth is in fact stationary, this would mean that events on Earth can instantaneously affect the motions of stars many many light-years away.
• The orbit of the Earth around the sun is used as a baseline for measuring distance to stars using the parallax method – if the Earth was stationary this ought not to be possible.
• The relative frequency of shooting stars before and after midnight indicates that the Earth is both rotating and moving through space.
• The red shift measured in stars’ spectra changes in an annual cycle; if the Earth is not circling the sun, then stars must be constantly accelerating and decelerating in the universe.


Before the creation week began, God created the universe: “In the beginning God created the Heavens and the Earth” (Genesis 1:1 NIV). This single verse describes the actual transformation of invisible energy into all of the fundamental physical forms of matter (as summarized in Albert Einstein’s famous E=MC2 equation) that would be transformed into moons, planets, stars, galaxies, and everything else – including humankind. The next verse describes the Earth following its creation and sometime after the creation of the universe: “Now the Earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and The Spirit of God was hovering over the waters” (Genesis 1:2 NIV).

The universe as it exists was not produced by some cosmic accident. The conditions of creation were intricately planned and considered. A mindless uncontrolled “big bang” would result in destruction and chaos, not the life and order we now observe. On the other hand, a great initial expansion of physical matter that had just been transformed from pure energy, followed by orderly development (from natural laws put into force beforehand by the Creator: gravitational force, electromagnetic force, strong nuclear force, and weak nuclear force) of stars, galaxies and everything else, is reasonable, rational, and logical. Therefore, what follows, in the “seven days,” is a description of the forming of substance already created in preparation for the creation of humankind.


The first creation day on Earth began when God said “Let there be light” (Genesis 1:3 NIV). The sun was already shining brightly, but God made the Earth’s thick new atmosphere allow diffuse light to penetrate to the surface. And so it was that the light was made separate from darkness. The first day of Earth’s creation was literally the first “day” as someone on Earth’s surface would experience it – a period of opaque light, and a period of darkness (Genesis 1:3-5 NIV).

We learn that God’s creative power is manifested by simply speaking. His first creative word called forth light in the midst of darkness. In John 1:1-2 we learn that the “Word” (Yeshua) was in the beginning, and that the “Word” was with God and was God. John further tells us that “through him [the Word] all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made” (John 1:3 NIV). God did not just make a physical universe: “God saw all that he had made, and it was very good” (Genesis 1:31 NIV). Whatever God makes is very good indeed, because the Word through which He created all things is the very essence of goodness, beauty, and light: “In him (Yeshua) was life, and that life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness” (John 1:4 NIV), now as it did at the very beginning of creation.


On the second day, God separated the waters. There was no liquid water, no oceans. All of the water was in the form of a vapor, a worldwide super-fog, extending a number of kilometers up from the very hot bare-rock earth’s surface. God’s “hovering over the waters” in verse 2 describes His being above that gaseous-water atmosphere, not a liquid ocean. God then caused most of the water to condense onto the cooling earth which simultaneously formed a whole-planet ocean and cleared the sky (Genesis 1:6-8 NIV). The expanse, called “sky,” is the atmosphere, or layer of air between the water-covered Earth and the clouds above.

Today many creation scientists believe that God created a transparent crystalline water canopy surrounding the whole water covered Earth, while other biblical scholars and creation science researchers believe that the Hebrew word for firmament or expanse is an example of phenomenological language, where things are described not in scientific verifiable terminology, but merely as they appear to the common observer. If the canopy theory is correct, then this would explain why plants and animals experience gigantism and longevity during the pre-flood generations.


On the third day, God formed a super-continent and a super-ocean. The further cooling of the surface set in motion a process of natural contraction, uplifting and motion of the crust. The Earth changed from a smooth water covered ball into a planet with an irregular surface with ocean basins and landmass. With dry ground available, the first plants were made to grow in great abundance (Genesis 1:9-13). Earth’s original landmass existed as a single super-continent before it became divided into seven major continents (Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America) following the worldwide flood (Genesis 10:25). In other words, God caused the land masses to rise and this caused the waters to recede into one large ocean around it. The Earth’s crust is a shell of rock, and land masses are granite ‘blocks’ imbedded in the basaltic rocks beneath. The words “Let the waters gather to one place” indicates that God formed one super-ocean. This means that all the post-flood fragmented land masses were once joined together into a single landmass, forming a pre-flood super-continent. This was the first Earth God had created (Revelation 21:1-2). Because we are not told exactly how God made plant life, God could have supernaturally placed the seeds in the soil before commanding them grow supernaturally in an instant.


On the fourth day, God allowed the sun, moon, and stars to appear. Before this day, the sun, moon, and stars were invisible. God transformed the upper atmosphere from a translucent sky into a transparent sky. The sun, moon, and stars were to “serve as signs to mark the seasons, months, and days.” The sun measured the day (sunset to sunset), the moon measured the month (new moon to new moon), and the stars measured the seasons (Genesis 1:14-19 NIV). The appearance of the sun and the moon on the Fourth day was not a new creation. They had existed in beginning (Genesis 1:1 NIV). The words translated “made” in the 16th verse is not the same word as is translated “created” in verse one, and does not imply a “creative” act. What is meant here is that the clouds broke away and permitted the sun and moon to be seen, and from that time they were appointed to measure the days, and years, and seasons as we have them today. If light speed has remained constant since the beginning (Genesis 1:1), then these stars were there for millions and even billions of years ago because light takes millions and even billions of years to reach the Earth from the distant stars when traveling at 300,000 (186,282 miles per second) kilometers per second. However, if light speed was faster in the past than its current speed today, then it could have reach the Earth in thousands of years.


On the fifth day, God created flying creatures for the sky and marine animals for the ocean. This day’s work included the primeval fishes, amphibians, reptiles, mammals, and birds. The fossil record show that these creatures were larger in size probably because they lived longer in an environment designed for maximum genetic expression. God created many other life forms during the Fifth Day, but only the fishes and birds are mentioned. God blessed them and said, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth.” (Genesis 1:20-23 NKJV). Here is the first time we come across the word “CREATE” since we read of the original creation of the earth in verse one.


On the sixth day, God created land animals and humankind. This day’s work included the creation of reptiles, mammals, flightless birds, along with sauropod and theropod dinosaurs. God reveals that each living creature on the land is created “according to their kind.” This refutes the notion that all species of animals evolved from a single, common, primeval organism. It supports the scientific evidence that living creatures have adapted over time to their environment, while there is no convincing evidence that one species of animal has evolved into another. God created humankind in His own image. God saw everything that He had made, and it was “good” (1:4, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25, 31). It is interesting to note that God declared all that he had made on the sixth day “very good” perhaps to stress the relative significance of this day in comparison to the prior days.


On the Seventh Day, God concluded His work on creation; and He RESTED, not because God was tired, but because the seventh day of the creation week was a type of the Sabbath. This appears clear from Exodus 20:11 because Moses wrote that “For in six days the Lord made heaven and Earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the SEVENTH day; wherefore the Lord blessed the SABBATH day, and hallowed it.” According to the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Septuagint version of the bible, this passage says that God CEASE from working, which indicates that God was never tired, but that God only stopped working on the seventh day.


The Renovation Creation Theory teaches that Genesis 1:1 describes God’s original creation of the universe through a cosmic expansion event originating from God’s Supernatural Word. The Word of God created the space-time dimension, all the matter and energy, and all the laws of nature and ultimately all heavenly bodies including the Earth, Sun, Moon and stars. According to this theory, the narrative shifts forward in time and changes from a cosmic panoramic perspective to an Earthly surface perspective in Genesis 1:2 (the Earth was void and dark).

After the creation of the universe, God caused sunlight to penetrate the darkness and illuminate the Earth’s water covered surface (Genesis 1:3) on the First Day. The development of the hydrological cycle began on the Second Day (Genesis 1:6). The formation of a super-continent, super-ocean, and vegetation were all completed on the Third Day (Genesis 1:9-11). Atmospheric transparency occurred on the Fourth Day where the heavenly bodies became visible (Genesis 1:14). The creation of marine and flying creatures occurred on the Fifth Day (Genesis 1:24). The creation of land animals and humankind happened on the Six Day (Genesis 1:24-26). And no additional creation happened on the Seventh Day (Genesis 2:2).

When we read the biblical words, ‘after its kind’ used each time a major branch of living things is created, the word ‘Species’ is sometimes appropriate. Darwinism has never demonstrated that one species (animal kind) can transform into another. All scientific observations and evidences indicate that such major transformations are genetically impossible under natural conditions. Creation science researchers do observe minor variations within a species, and Darwinists make the false assumption that given millions of years, one species would convert to another. However, the fossil record, the thermodynamic laws, entropy, and information science have all demonstrated that biological evolution is simply impossible. The Creation history properly ends halfway in Genesis 2:4 and not with Genesis 1:31.

The Creation Renovation Theory teaches that the Rebellion of Satan occurred after the creation week, and sometime  before the fall of humanity as described in Genesis Chapter Three. The great flood of Noah’s day was a global event for the purpose of destroying the Nephilim human hybrid populations of the pre-flood era (Genesis Chapter Six).

Finally, the Renovation Creation Theory appears to embrace a more scientific creation model by avoiding the hyper-literalism of the young Earth creation model. This theory does not attempt to prove that the universe and planet Earth to be either young or old, but that the readers of Genesis understand the modern scientific creation order as revealed in the scientific method and the Genesis creation account. This creation model does not completely solve the problems in science and faith because many biblical scholars do not identify any time gap between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2. Many creation scientists and biblical scholars believe that the sun, moon, and stars were created on the fourth day rather than during the creative events of Genesis 1:1. This issue does not prove that this theory is completely wrong because other biblical scholars argue that there exists a gap of time between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2. They believe the sun, moon, and stars were made during the creation of the un

iverse Genesis 1:1.

Although the renovation creation theory presents an interpretation of Genesis chapter one that is more consistent with modern scientific observations and explanations, it does not appear to support a completely literal interpretation of the Genesis creation account. This theory requires the reader to embrace the language of visual appearance theory, which appears to be demonstrated throughout most of God’s Holy Scriptures.


Creation; Dr. Grant R. Jeffrey; 2003. Genesis One; Dr. Gerald Schroeder With Zola Levitt; 1998. Genesis and The Big Bang; Gerald L. Schroeder, Ph.D.;1992. Starlight and Time; D. Russell Humphreys, Ph.D.; 1990. Rethinking Genesis; Duane Garrett; 2000. The English Septuagint Version, Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton; 1851. The New King James Version; Thomas Nelson; 1982. The Signature of God; Grant R. Jeffrey; 2010. Three Views on Creation and Evolution; J.P. Morland & John Mark Reynolds; 1999. Unveiling Mysteries of the Bible; Grant. R. Jeffrey; 2002. The Genesis Account of Creation; Lee Warren, B.A., D.D.; 1997. Creation Revealed in Six Days; P.J. Wiseman; 1946. Dispensational Truth; Rev Clarence Larkin; 1920. Unformed and Unfilled; Dr. Weston Fields;2005. Dr. T.V. Oommen; Understanding the Six Days of Creation



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