Christian Apologetics Study

NEW BIBLICAL CHRONO-GENEALOGY

Jan
05

Early church commentators, such as Clement of Alexander, Eusebius, Lactantius, and Theophilus, believe Adam was created on the 6th day and Yeshua would come into the world during humankind’s 6,000th year because St. Paul wrote Messiah Yeshua was the last Adam (1-Corinthians 15:45). In other words, they believe Yeshua came into the world 6000 years after the creation of Adam because each creation day in Genesis chapter one represents 1000 years of human history. According to these Christian writers, the 10 generations from Adam to Noah equaled 2000 years, the 10 generation from Noah to Abraham equaled 2000 years, and the 42 generation from Abraham to Messiah Yeshua equaled 2000 years. When we calculate the generations from Adam to Yeshua, we reach 6,000 years of human history.

BIBLICAL CHRONO-GENEALOGY
According to some creation science researchers and biblical chronologists, the events describe in the Holy Scriptures and secular history probably occurred during the following timeframe. For example, the Creation Week began 6,000 BC. The first pre-flood civilization began 5,600 BC. Noah’s Global Flood occurred 4,000 BC. The Tower of Babel catastrophe occurred 3,600 BC. The time of Peleg and the division of Pangea began 3,400 BC. The Egyptian Pyramid building began 2,600 BC. The time of Abraham began 2,000 BC. The time of Moses was about 1,500 BC. The time of David was roughly 1000 BC. And the time of Messiah Yeshua was roughly 1 BC to 32 AD. Although this chronology is not perfect, it appears to be more consistent with the archaeological findings in secular and biblical history. This chrono-genealogy is also based on two assumptions.  The first assumption argues that gaps may exist within the biblical record. The second assumption argues that the early paleo-Hebrew Bible versions likely had longer histories, which were shorten by scribes seeking to counter the Christian teaching that Yeshua is the Jewish Messiah.

ANALYSIS
The above dates are based on this author’s calculations of the chrono-genealogies found in the Greek Septuagint, the Samaritan Pentateuch, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the writings of Flavious Josephus. Hebrew Scriptural versions as the Masoretic Text have later dates for Adam’s creation (4,000 BC), but the Septuagint, the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Samaritan Pentateuch, the works of Josephus chrono-genealogies all have earlier dates for Adam’s creation (5,500 BC)  for several reasons. First, some scholars argue that early Hebrew translators were probably influenced by Greek philosophy and they attempted to lengthen the biblical chrono-genealogy to parallel the Greek historical and philosophical traditions of their generation. Second, other scholars believe that translators of the Hebrew Masoretic Text changed significant Christological passages when they shorten the chrono-genealogy because they wanted to disprove that Yeshua was the Messiah. For example, in the Masoretic Text, at least 100 years were removed from some of the patriarchs: Arphaxad, Shelah, Eber, Peleg, Reu, and Serug. Third, because all these early Biblical Scriptures were translated from the paleo-Hebrew Scriptures, then the original paleo-Hebrew Bible probably contained a longer chronology. If there are gaps in the earlier versions of the Hebrew biblical chrono-genealogies, then Adam was probably created around 6000 BC.  If Adam was created in 6,000 BC, then this history would supports the six day theory where e

ach creation day represents six thousand years of human history. This theory also supports Paul’s teaching that Messiah Yeshua is the Second Adam (1-Corinthians 15:45) because Yeshua arrives to complete his mission after 6,000 years of human history. Finally, these arguments reveal why a precise date for Adam’s creation remains a mystery when we study the chrono-genealogy found in the Alexandrian Greek Septuagint, the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Samaritan Pentateuch, and the writings of Josephus.

SOURCES:
R.L. Wysong, “The Creation-Evolution Controversy,” (1976), Inquiry Press, Page 144. Quoted in Ref. 3. “Young’s Analytical Concordance of the Holy Bible, 8th Edition,” “Creation” entry, (1939). Cited in Don Batten, “Which is the recent aberration? Old-Earth or Young-Earth Belief?,” Creation, Vol. 24, #1, Pages 24 to 27. Dead Sea Scrolls Chronology. The New English Translation of the Greek Septuagint. The Complete Works of Flavious Josephus.

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