Christian Apologetics Study

GENESIS CREATION DAY SEVEN

Oct
13

“Thus the heavens and the earth, and all the host of them, were finished. And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.” (Genesis 2:1-3).

On the Seventh Day, God concluded His work on creation; and He RESTED, not because God was tired, but because the seventh day of the creation week was a type of the Sabbath. This appears to reflect Exodus 20:11 when Moses wrote that “For in six days the Lord made Heaven and Earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the SEVENTH day; wherefore the Lord blessed the SABBATH day, and hallowed it.” According to the paleo-Hebrew in the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Greek Septuagint version of the Holy Bible, this passage says that God CEASE from working (Genesis 2:1-2 NKJV and LXX), which indicates that God was never tired, but that God only stopped working on the seventh day. In other words, this day reveals that God is establishing a pattern of one day in the seven day week for humankind to rest, to reflect, to worship, and to enjoy life. The keeping of this day will eventually be a distinguishing trait of God’s chosen people (Exodus 20:8-11).

THE NUMBER SEVEN

The seventh day shows the significance of the number seven. The first use of the number 7 in the Bible relates to the creation week in Genesis 1 and 2. God spends six days creating the heavens and the earth, and then rests on the seventh day. This is our template for the seven day week, observed around the world to this day. The seventh day was to be “set apart” for Israel and the Sabbath was a holy day of rest (Deuteronomy 5:12 NKJV). Thus, right at the start of the Bible, the number 7 is identified with something being “finished” or “complete.” From then on, that association continues, as 7 is often found in contexts involving completeness or divine perfection. So we see the command for animals to be at least seven days old before being used for sacrifice (Exodus 22:30), the command for leprous Naaman to bathe in the Jordan River seven times to effect complete cleansing (2 Kings 5:10), and the command for Joshua to march around Jericho for seven days (and on the seventh day to make seven circuits) and for seven priests blow seven trumpets outside the city walls (Joshua 6:3–4). In these instances, 7 signifies a completion of some kind: a divine mandate is fulfilled.

THERMODYNAMICS AND ENTROPY

The seven day appears to harmonize with the second law of thermodynamics which states that, in all expenditures of energy, some is irretrievably lost. It is not destroyed, but becomes unavailable for future use. Another way of stating it is that the randomness of the universe is always increasing. This can be interpreted to mean that the universe is gradually running down, becoming more and more disorderly and random. Hence, the universe was originally set in order, but has been in a state of gradual decay since then. This contrasts with Darwinism which says that the process of forming new kinds of living things continued on for millions and billions of years. Logically it should still be going on today, if evolutionism is true. But, today there is no scientific evidence for the evolution of new biological life forms.

When God stop working on the Seven Day, then entropy began its flight around the universe. Entropy is a measure of a system’s energy that is unavailable for work, or of the degree of a system’s disorder. In other nontechnical words, entropy is regarded as a measure of the chaos or randomness of a system. While entropy and thermodynamics were held in check during the creation week, the real process of “running down” would have begun sometime after the occurrence of sin recorded in Genesis chapter three. Before sin, all would have been sustained by God’s power. Nevertheless, there has been no new building up or creating since the six days ended. The point is that the Bible record of creation and the fall of humanity perfectly concur with creation science, while Darwinism does not.

CREATION SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS

The seventh creation day strongly affirms the idea of God’s “rest” being a cessation of work, not a reinvigoration after work. The narrative tells us which things God created in each of the first six days. His power is displayed through the creation of light, mountains, seas, the sun, moon and stars, plant and animal life, and, finally, humanity. There are many parallels between the first three days of creation and the second three days. However, the seventh day is a sharp contrast. Instead of more creating, there is SHABAT. Instead of God “doing” more, He “ceased” from doing. God did not merely “rest” on the seventh day; He “stopped creating.” It was a purposeful stop. Everything He desired to create had been made. He looked at His creat

ion, declared it “very good” (Genesis 1:31 NKJV), and ceased from His activity. In the Jewish tradition, the concept of SHABAT has been carried over as the “Sabbath.” The Law of Moses taught there was to be no work at all on the seventh day (Saturday). Because God ceased from work that day, the Israelites were to cease from their work on the Sabbath. Thus, the days of creation are the basis of our universal observance of a seven day week.

CREATION SCIENCE SOURCES

Creation; Dr. Grant R. Jeffrey; 2003. Genesis One; Dr. Gerald Schroeder With Zola Levitt; 1998. Genesis and The Big Bang; Gerald L. Schroeder, Ph.D.;1992. Starlight and Time; D. Russell Humphreys, Ph.D.; 1990. Rethinking Genesis; Duane Garrett; 2000. The English Septuagint Version, Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton; 1851. The New King James Version; Thomas Nelson; 1982. The Signature of God; Grant R. Jeffrey; 2010. Three Views on Creation and Evolution; J.P. Morland & John Mark Reynolds; 1999. Unveiling Mysteries of the Bible; Grant. R. Jeffrey; 2002. The Genesis Account of Creation; Lee Warren, B.A., D.D.; 1997. Creation Revealed in Six Days; P.J. Wiseman; 1946.Quantum Faith; Annette Capps; 2007.

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GENESIS CREATION DAY SIX

Oct
13

“Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth the living creature according to its kind: cattle and creeping thing and beast of the earth, each according to its kind”; and it was so. And God made the beast of the earth according to its kind, cattle according to its kind, and everything that creeps on the earth according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all[a] the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. Then God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.” And God said, “See, I have given you every herb that yields seed which is on the face of all the earth, and every tree whose fruit yields seed; to you it shall be for food. Also, to every beast of the earth, to every bird of the air, and to everything that creeps on the earth, in which there is life, I have given every green herb for food”; and it was so. Then God saw everything that He had made, and indeed it was very good. So the evening and the morning were the sixth day.” (Genesis1:24-31).

On the sixth day, God filled the Earth’s landmass with animals, and humankind. This day’s work included the creation of land dwelling insects, reptiles, mammals, flightless birds, along with sauropod and theropod dinosaurs. God created many other living systems during the Sixth Day, but Moses only mentions a few creatures and humankind. The global flood and post-flood climatic transformations caused massive extinctions that decimated many land animal kinds created on the sixth day. Many pre-flood animal kinds are only found within the fossil record. The post-flood Earth was replenished with land animals that survived aboard Noah’s Ark. Many land animals aboard Noah’s Ark died out shortly after the great flood. The animals living today had superior capacity to adapt to changing environments. (Genesis 1:24-31 NKJV).

DINOSAURS

During this period, God made the theropod and sauropod dinosaurs. Theropod dinosaurs included Tyrannosaurs, Allosauruses, and Velociraptors. Tyrannosaurs became predatory dinosaurs during the pre-flood era. Their sharp teeth were originally designed to feed on a plethora of tough pre-flood plants. They were large, high skulls, powerful jaws and legs, and large, sharp teeth shaped for biting through flesh and bone. Tyrannosaurs walked with the body horizontal and the long tail held off the ground as a counterweight. In that posture, large adults, weighing more than six tons, would have been more than 12 meters long. In some forms the hands had only two digits.
Allosaurus were large carnivorous dinosaur of a group similar to the Tyrannosaurs. They are found as fossils primarily in post-flood rocks of North America. They were originally designed to feed on plants. They weighed around 1,800 kilograms and grew to 11 meters long. Allosaurus walked on its two hind limbs and probably used the much smaller forelimbs for grasping. Equipped with powerful, flexible jaws,Allosaurs likely preyed on medium-sized dinosaurs; they were hunters and scavengers that hunted in groups. Velociraptors were genus of clawed theropod dinosaurs. They flourished in central and eastern Asia during the early post-flood era. They were related to the North American genus, Deinonychus. Both genera had a sickle-shaped claw on each foot and ossified tendon reinforcements in the tail that enabled them to keep their balance while striking and slashing at prey. They were swift moving and agile predators that attacked small herbivores. They grew up to 2 meters long and weighed between 45 and 50 kilograms.

When God made the sauropod dinosaurs, they included the Brontosaurus, Brachiosaurus, Diplotocus, and Apatosaurus dinosaurs. All species had a small head, extremely long neck, massive body, thick, pillarlike legs, and a very long, tapering, whiplike tail. With their weak, sparse teeth, they cropped vegetation from even the tallest trees, apparently depending on swallowed stones or bacteria in the gut to digest plant matter. The animals ranged from 15 meters to 30-meters in length. They weighed between 35 and 70 tons. These gigantic beasts are mentioned in the Book of Job chapter 40. They are called Behemoths.

God reveals that each living creature on the land is created “according to their kind.” This refutes the notion that all species of animals evolved from a single, common, primeval organism. It supports the scientific evidence that living creatures have adapted over time to their environment, while there is no convincing evidence that one species of animal has evolved into another. God created humankind in His own image. God saw everything that He had made, and it was “good” (1:4, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25, 31). It is interesting to note that God declared all that he had made on the sixth day “very good” perhaps to stress the relative significance of this day in comparison to the prior days.

HUMAKNIND

Before God creates humankind, the Creator takes counsel with Himself (God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit), and “God said, ‘Let us make man in our image, in our likeness’” (Genesis 1:26). These words are an early revelation of the Divine Trinity and they are part of the foundation for such, as God reveals an “us” within the Godhead. God makes humankind, and humankind is made in the image of God (men and women are made in God’s Triune image) and we are special above all other life forms. To emphasize this fact, God places humanity in authority over the Earth and over all the other life forms. God blesses humankind and commands them to reproduce, fill the Earth and subdue it. God announces that humankind and all other land animals are to eat plants alone.

THE IMAGE OF GOD

Unlike the animals, humankind is created in the image or likeness of God. This is what makes human beings superior to animals. This concept is both challenging and revelational. Other Scriptures confirm that man is in the image of God: James 3:9-10 says men should not be cursed because they are made in the likeness of God. 1 Corinthians 11:7 says man is the image and glory of God. Psalms 8:4-8 says God placed man over all creation, including all animals (Hebrews 2:6-8). These verses show that Genesis chapter one and two are not to be taken as myth. What it says about the nature of man is intended to be taken as historical truth, and is so treated throughout the Bible. The “image of God” does not seem likely to refer to man’s physical nature, since God is spirit (John 4:24), and a spirit does not have flesh and blood (Luke 24:39 NKJV).

Humankind is similar to God, but on a significantly inferior level, and unlike animals in the following six ways. First, men and women have rational intelligence. We have the capability to reason, invent, and communicate verbally and symbolically in many ways, which are far superior to all animal kinds. This ability allows us to communicate with God and understand God’s will for our lives. Second, men and women have will and power to choose. We are free moral agents. This enables us to choose between alternatives and determine which course we will pursue. We are, therefore, accountable before God to make the choices and pursue the goals that God instructs us to do. Third, men and women have emotions. We can experience joy, love, anger, hatred, sorrow, and many other feelings. The Bible also attributes such feelings to God. Fourth, men and women have a conscience. We are able, not only to distinguish right from wrong, but also to have an inherent sense of guilt when we have done wrong and a sense of approval when we has done right. Fifth, men and women have a spirit nature which has the opportunity to be with God in eternity. And sixth, men and women are born with God consciousness. In other words, the human brain is wired to believe in God and the supernatural. The image of God involves much more than this, but it surely includes these six characteristics of humankind.

THE FIRST HUMAN BEINGS

The first human beings were mentally and physically healthier than modern humans. Adam and Eve were clothed with light when they were created. They lost their illumination when they ate the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Paradise (Eden). The weight of scientific evidence indicates that they probably had a medium-brown and reddish-brown skin complexion. Their pre-flood descendants lived on average for up to 900 years. Pre-flood human males were roughly 180 centimeters tall and females were around 170 centimeters tall. When fallen angels reproduced with human females, the Nephilim came into existence. These Hybrid pre-flood human males reached an average height of about 360 centimeters. Many of their skulls were elongated, gigantic, and thick. These Hybrid humans were responsible for many of the megalithic constructions during the pre-flood and early post-flood generations. They were violent and extremely aggressive during combat and they were cannibals.

EARLY POST FLOOD HUMANITY

Analysis of early post-flood human remains derived from Homo erectus, Neanderthal, and Cro-Magnon human populations reveal that a few early humans lived longer than modern humans. Their large thick brow ridges resulted from a lengthy lifespan when post-flood populations lived to be 200 and 300 years. Human growth hormone (HGH) causes a person’s skull to grow as long as the person is alive; therefore, sometimes the thicker his or her brow ridges the older the person. Homo erectus human populations flourished during the early post-flood generations. They proliferated widely from the Middle East into Asia, Africa, Europe, and elsewhere. The anatomical differences between Homo erectus and modern humans concern their skulls and teeth. Homo erectus people had a low, thick braincase with jutting brow-ridges, large noses, and large teeth. Homo erectus males were about 170 centimeters tall. Running and hunting was a major part of their activities.

Neanderthals were post-flood human populations that occupied parts of North Africa, Middle East, and most of Europe and the Mediterranean lands. The Neanderthal name derives from the discovery in 1856 of remains in a cave above Germany’s Neander Valley. Neanderthals were short, stocky, and powerful. Many of the males were about 163 centimeters tall. Their Cranial capacity equaled or surpassed that of modern humans, though their braincases were long, low, and wide. Their limbs were heavy and they walked fully erect and had hands as capable as those of modern humans. They were cave dwellers who used fire, wielded stone tools, and wooden spears to hunt animals, buried their dead, and cared for their sick or injured. They used their unique language to practice their religion.

Cro-Magnon populations proliferated during the early post flood generations and they appear to be the direct ancestors of many modern humans. When Cro-Magnon people migrated from the Middle East into Africa, Asia, Europe and elsewhere, they replaced the Homo erectus and Neanderthal populations that were already occupying those lands. The remains of these people were first discovered in 1868 at the Cro-Magnon rock shelter in the Dordogne region in southern France. The human skeletons that came to be called Cro-Magnon are now considered representative of humans at that time. Cro-Magnons were relatively more robust and powerful than today’s humans, with a somewhat larger brain capacity. The Cro-Magnons are generally associated with the Aurignacian tool industry and artistic tradition. Cro-Magnons seem to have been a settled people, living in caves or primitive huts and lean-tos, moving only when necessary to find new hunting or because of environmental changes. While the average Cro-Magnon was about 175 centimeters tall, a few of them were 200 centimeters in height and taller. For these reasons, the first man and woman were mentally and physically healthier than modern humans living today.

CREATION SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS

God created the universe by the power of His Word. On the first day, God created the entire universe before He formed the Day and Night cycle (Genesis 1:4 NKJV). On the second day, God formed the Sky and the hydraulic cycle (Genesis 1:7-8 NKJV). On the third day, God formed the super-continent called Pangaea and the super ocean called Panthalassa, and vegetation (Genesis 1:8-10 NKJV). On the fourth Day, God filled the universe with lights when he formed the Sun, Moon, and Stars (Genesis 1:18 NKJV) from the dark invisible matter created during Day One (Genesis 1:1 NKJV). On the fifth Day, God filled the ocean with marine life and the sky with flying creatures (Genesis 1:20 NKJV). On the sixth day, God filled the ground with land animals and humankind (Genesis 1:24-26 NKJV).

The creation days were short periods because each creation day is divided into periods of darkness and daylight. Long creation days would mean that no life could survive the long periods of sunlight and darkness on the Earth’s surface if each day were billions, millions, or thousands of years in duration. It was on day six when God created the insects. If the creation days were long ages, then many botanical life forms would die because most plant-life cannot survive without insects. The interdependent relationships of life forms existing on Earth means that the creation days were short solar days and not long ages. The solar days during the pre-flood years were probably 19 hours long before the days became 24-hours long after the worldwide flood. The geography of the Earth was different because all the major continents were connected together when the planet Earth was 25 percent smaller in size.

When God’s creative work was completed by the conclusion of the Sixth Day, the entire universe in all its beauty and perfection was fully formed in six literal, consecutive, solar days. At the completion of His creation, God announces that His creation was very good. There was no death and destruction of animal kinds before the creation of Humankind. Everything God made was genetically perfect and physically and mentally healthier than the life forms existing today. The environment was perfectly designed for maximum genetic expression in all life forms. Again, everything God created was designed to reproduce after its own kind. The Genesis creation account has already shown that this was true of the plants, fish, and birds and here we are told that it was also true of the land animals. Again, this thoroughly and necessarily contradicts Darwinism and evolutionism in all its forms. And again all was declared by God to be good.

Finally, God came to the crowning creation, the greatest and most dominate of His creatures. He made humankind, male and female. Here God is referred to as “us” and “our” (Genesis 1:26 NKJV) and then “His” and “He” (Genesis 1:27 NKJV). This cannot refer to the angels because the man and woman were made in God’s image, not the image of angels. The “us” and “our” (Genesis 1:26 NKJV) must refer to God. Hence, God is both singular and plural — three in one. Here is further evidence of the plural individuals in the singular God. Other passages in which the individual beings in God appear to be conversing are Psalm 2:7; 110:1; 45:7; Isaiah 48:16; as well as the many New Testament references to the Father and Son. Note that Yeshua quoted Genesis 1:27 in Matthew 19:4, thereby proving His acceptance of this account as historic, factual revelation from God. The term “man” (Genesis1:26-27 NKJV) clearly includes both male and female. Hence, by Divine decree, woman wears the name of man. “Man” can refer to the male or to the human race including both male and female.

CREATION SCIENCE SOURCES

Creation; Dr. Grant R. Jeffrey; 2003. Genesis One; Dr. Gerald Schroeder With Zola Levitt; 1998. Genesis and The Big Bang; Gerald L. Schroeder, Ph.D.;1992. Starlight and Time; D. Russell Humphreys, Ph.D.; 1990. Rethinking Genesis; Duane Garrett; 2000. The English Septuagint Version, Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton; 1851. The New King James Version; Thomas Nelson; 1982. The Signature of God; Grant R. Jeffrey; 2010. Three Views on Creation and Evolution; J.P. Morland & John Mark Reynolds; 1999. Unveiling Mysteries of the Bible; Grant. R. Jeffrey; 2002. The Genesis Account of Creation; Lee Warren, B.A., D.D.; 1997. Creation Revealed in Six Days; P.J. Wiseman; 1946.Quantum Faith; Annette Capps; 2007; The Garden of Eden DVD; Stan Deyo; 2014.

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GENESIS CREATION DAY FIVE

Oct
13

“Then God said, “Let the waters abound with an abundance of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the face of the firmament of the heavens.” So God created great sea creatures and every living thing that moves, with which the waters abounded, according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” So the evening and the morning were the fifth day.” (Genesis 1:20-23).

On the fifth day, God filled the sky with flying creatures and the ocean with marine life forms. These creatures included fishes, amphibians, reptiles, mammals, birds, and insects. The fossil record show that these creatures were larger in size probably because they lived longer in an environment designed for maximum genetic expression. God created many other life forms during the Fifth Day, but only the fishes and birds are mentioned. God blessed them and said, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth.” (Genesis 1:20-23 NKJV). Furthermore, when God created all marine life forms and all flying creatures, this may be the time when God made flying insects also. All of these creatures are made with the ability to perpetuate their kind by biological reproduction. The creatures made on Day Five are the first creatures blessed by God.

LEVIATHAN

The creation of marine reptiles included the ancestors of the Leviathan. The Leviathan is the marine animal described by God in the book of Job (chapter 41) as a terrifying fire-breathing sea monster. The creature is described as a strong beast with a tough outer “armor”. He cannot be pulled out with a fishhook and no warrior dares to fight him. This animal breathed fire and snorted out smoke. The Leviathan is a reference to an extinct animal that was alive and known to those that lived during the pre-flood and early post flood eras. This animal was probably a plesiosaur, such as the Kronosaurus, pliosaur, mosasaurs. Others have proposes it was the giant armored crocodile Sarcosuchus.

Kronosaurus creatures were the greatest and most powerful animals ever to swim in the deep ocean. They were not true dinosaurs, but they were reptile-like and they had large sharp teeth. These gigantic animals were still alive at the time of King David. Psalm 104 says they played where the ships go to and fro. This was probably the Mediterranean Sea. Many reports of “sea serpents” closely match the ancient pliosaurs and mosasaurs. They looked somewhat like huge lizards or crocodiles with flippers or webbed feet. Fossils show their backbones were very flexible. They could probably swim in a snake-like motion. Pliosaurs are extinct clade of marine reptiles. The pliosaurs were short-necked plesiosaurs with large heads and massive toothed jaws. Mosasaurs are large, extinct, marine reptiles. The first fossil remains were discovered in a limestone quarry at Maastricht on the Meuse in 1764. Mosasaurs became the dominant marine predators during the early post-flood era. However, the Leviathans were probably the Sarcosuchus reptiles. These reptiles were extinct genus of crocodyliform. They looked like gigantic crocodiles and they became extinct during the early post-flood era. They were the largest crocodile-like reptiles that ever lived. They were twice as long as the modern saltwater crocodile and they probably weighed up to 8 tones.

The creation of flying reptiles included the Pterosaurs. They flourished during the pre-flood and early post-flood eras. Pterosaurs hung by their long, slender hind limbs when at rest. They soared and glided on fragile, membranous wings that were attached to the long fourth finger of each forelimb and extended along the flank. The first three fingers were slender, clawed, clutching structures. Pterosaurs had a long, slender beak and a large brain. Pterodactyls are part of the family of Pterosaurs and they had slender, delicate teeth that were angled forward long metacarpal bones, and a short tail. They were probably able gliders but not efficient as active fliers, and they apparently lacked feathers. Pterodactyls are probably still alive today in the remote regions of Central and South America.

CREATION SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS

When God created marine sea animals on the Fifth Day, they were the first complex life forms to occupy the Earth during the creation week. These animals were first vegetarians but became predators during the pre-flood age. A few of the great reptiles of the sea could have lived through the Flood without being taken in to the Ark. Noah was told to protect land-dwelling animals and birds, not fish and other creatures that could survive the global floodwaters. Throughout history, many people have reported about animals like plesiosaurs and other types of unknown creatures. Many scientists agree there are probably many more sea creatures to be discovered. Man knows more about the surface of the moon than he does about life in the world’s great oceans. There is enough evidence for the existence of gigantic “sea monsters” living in the past and probably in the present, according to the eye witness accounts of many sailors and fishermen.

CREATION SCIENCE SOURCES

The New King James Version (NKJV); The Alexandrian Sepuagint LXX transladed by Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton; Halley’s Bible Handbook by Henry Halley; Three Views on Creation and Evolution by J.P. Morland & J.M. Reynolds; Understanding Creation by Mark Worthon & Hill Roberts; Understanding The Bible by Kendell H. Easley; The Dead Sea Scrolls by Craig A. Evans; Christian Apologetics by Doug Powell; Theories of the Universe by Gary F. Moring; String Theory by George Musser; The New Answers by Ken Ham; Biblical Creationism by Henry Morris; Genesis Conflict by Walter Veith, Unformed and Unfilled by Dr. Weston Fields; Creation by Dr. Grant Jeffrey; Starlight and Time by Dr. Russell Humphreys; Panorama of Creation by Dr. Carl Baugh; Speed of Light by Barry Setterfield; D.K Science Encyclopedia.

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GENESIS CREATION DAY FOUR

Oct
13

“Then God said, “Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs and seasons, and for days and years; and let them be for lights in the firmament of the heavens to give light on the earth”; and it was so. Then God made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. He made the stars also. God set them in the firmament of the heavens to give light on the earth, 18 and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good. So the evening and the morning were the fourth day.” (Genesis 1:14-19 NKJV).

On the fourth day, God filled the universe with galaxies, stars, planets, and moons from the matter and energy created during the universal flash of light on the first day. These heavenly spheres were to function as markers for years, seasons, months, weeks, and days (Genesis 1:14-19 NKJV). The sun marked the day (sunset to sunset), the moon marked the month (new moon to new moon), and the stars marked the seasons (spring, summer, winter, and autumn). The pre-flood year was 360 days long, its month equaled 30 days, and its week equal seven days, according to some creation science researchers. Time as we know it began during this day; however, if we could measure the period of the first three days, each day would equal 24 hours in duration because Exodus 20:11 and Exodus 31:17 says God created the physical universe in six days.

THE FORMATION OF STARS

God created many first generation stars. A Star system is massive celestial body made up of gas that shines by radiant energy generated from within. The Milky Way Galaxy contains hundreds of billions of stars. The closest star to Earth is the Sun. The closest star to the Sun is about 4.2 light-years away and the most distant stars are in galaxies billions of light-years away. Single stars such as the Sun are the minority and many stars occur in pairs and multiple systems. Stars also associate by their mutual gravity in larger assemblages called clusters. Constellations consist not of such groupings but of stars in the same direction as seen from Earth. Stars vary greatly in brightness, color, temperature, mass, size, chemical composition, and age. For many stars, hydrogen is the most abundant element. Stars are classified by their spectra, from blue-white to red, as O, B, A, F, G, K, and M. The Sun is a spectral type G star. Some stars other than the Sun are known to have one or more planets.

When God formed the stars from the matter and energy created on the first day, the light from the stars reach the Earth rapidly. The speed of light was faster during the creation week than it is today (300,000 km per second) because the speed of light has been slowing down since the creation week, according to astronomer Barry Setterfield. Animals and plants were able to survive faster light speed because the pre-flood crystalline canopy offered stronger protection from deadly outer-space radiation, according to Dr. Carl Baugh. The star light was also able to reach the planet Earth faster because of the gravitational space time dilation effect proliferating throughout the universe during the creation week. This history means the universe expanded rapidly during the first five creation days before stabilizing by day six. The rapid expansion of the universe caused a gravitational space time dilation effect throughout the cosmos, according to Dr. Russell Humphreys.

THE FORMATION OF GALAXIES

The creation of galaxies included billions of star systems and interstellar matter that make up the universe. The Galaxies vary considerably in size, composition, structure, and activity, but nearly all are arranged in groups, or clusters, containing from a few galaxies to as many as 10,000. Each is composed of millions to trillions of stars; in many, as in the Milky Way Galaxy, nebulae can be detected. A large fraction of the bright galaxies in the sky are spiral galaxies, with a main disk in which spiral arms wind out from the center. The Milky Way Galaxy is probably located near the center of the universe, according to Dr. Russell Humphreys. The stars in galaxies are massive celestial body of gas that shines by radiant energy generated inside it. The Milky Way Galaxy contains hundreds of billions of stars and only small fractions are visible to the unaided eye. The Sun is a star around which the components of the solar system revolve. This star system was created less than 10,000 years ago and is the dominant body in our solar system, with more than 99 percent of its mass.

FORMATION OF PLANETS AND MOONS

The creation of planets included large natural bodies orbiting the Sun or another star system. The word planet comes from the Greek for “wanderer,” because the planets’ positions change relative to those of the stars. The eight recognized planets that orbit the Sun are, in order of increasing distance, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. The moon was created to be the sole natural satellite of Earth. The moon orbits from west to east at a mean distance of approximately 384,400 kilometers. It is less than one-third the size of Earth. Its surface gravity is about one-sixth that of Earth and its gravitational pull is largely responsible for Earth’s tides. The Moon shines by reflected sunlight. It rotates on its axis in about 29.5 days, in exactly the time it takes to orbit Earth, and it therefore always presents the same face to Earth. However, that face is lit by the Sun at different angles as the Moon revolves around Earth, causing it to display different phases over the month, from new to full.

CREATION SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS

During the four day, the account does not say how the heavenly bodies were formed. It is possible (as discussed on day one) that the material from which they were made had existed in the “heavens” that were created on day one, but was formless and void like the Earth. God may then have put them into their ultimate form and assigned them their duties here on day four. Again, God saw that what He had made was good. Genesis 1:2-31 describes creation of the universe from a geocentric orientation. In other words, the creation account is told from the perspective of the Earth’s surface. While each creation day was a normal 24-hour solar day in duration on Earth’s surface, billions of years of cosmic history transpired in the outer regions of space. This means the first creation day represents 8 billion years of cosmic history; the second creation day represents 4 billion years of cosmic history; the third creation day represents 2 billion years of cosmic history; the fourth creation day represent 1 billion years of cosmic history; the fifth creation day represents 500 millions of cosmic history; and the sixth creation day represents 250
million years of cosmic history. However, all six days equal normal solar days on the Earth’s surface. This means the billions of years of cosmic history given to the universe is a reflection of the universe physical size, but not a precise indication of the universe’s real age. While the Holy Scriptures reveals no precise date for when God created the universe, creation science researchers have determined that the universe is probably less than 10,000 years old.

CREATION SCIENCE SOURCES

The New King James Version (NKJV); The Alexandrian Sepuagint LXX transladed by Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton; Halley’s Bible Handbook by Henry Halley; Three Views on Creation and Evolution by J.P. Morland & J.M. Reynolds; Understanding Creation by Mark Worthon & Hill Roberts; Understanding The Bible by Kendell H. Easley; The Dead Sea Scrolls by Craig A. Evans; Christian Apologetics by Doug Powell; Theories of the Universe by Gary F. Moring; String Theory by George Musser; The New Answers Book by Ken Ham; Biblical Creationism by Henry Morris; Genesis Conflict by Walter Veith, Unformed and Unfilled by Dr. Weston Fields; Creation by Dr. Grant Jeffrey; Starlight and Time by Dr. Russell Humphreys; Panorama of Creation by Dr. Carl Baugh; The Speed of Light Articles by Barry Setterfield; The Inspired Evidence by Julie Von Vett & Brue Malone; The Genesis Conflict by Dr. Walter Veith; The DK Science Encyclopedia Edited by Susan Mckeever. Genesis One; Dr. Gerald Schroeder with Zola Levitt; 1998.

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GENESIS CREATION DAY THREE

Oct
13

“Then God said, “Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. And God called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters He called Seas. And God saw that it was good. Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb that yields seed, and the fruit tree that yields fruit according to its kind, whose seed is in itself, on the earth”; and it was so. And the earth brought forth grass, the herb that yields seed according to its kind, and the tree that yields fruit, whose seed is in it-self according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. So the evening and the morning were the third day” (Genesis1:9-13 NKJV).

SUPER-CONTINENT PANGAEA

On the third day, God formed a gigantic land mass, a vast ocean, and plant life. When God formed the Earth’s supercontinent, He made three main layers: the crust (on the outside), the mantle (underneath the crust), and the core (the Earth’s center). The core made up of an inner core and an outer core. The supercontinent that God made is sometime referred to as Pangea by creation scientists. Before the global flood, Pangea covered about half the Earth and was completely surrounded by a world ocean called Panthalassa. Early during the global flood, Pangea began to break apart. Its segments, Laurasia (composed of all the present-day northern continents) and Gondwana (the present-day southern continents) gradually receded during the early post-flood days of Peleg (Genesis 10:25), resulting in the formation of the Atlantic and Indian oceans. This means the pre-flood Earth’s surface was probably covered by 50 percent landmass and 50 percent water, according to many creation science researchers. Most of the Earth’s water was located in deep chambers beneath the solid ground. This means that during the third creation day, the Earth changed from a watery sphere into a planet with an irregular surface with ocean basins and a single continental landmass covered with plant life. The plant life existed in the in the ocean and on land (Genesis 1:9-13 NKJV and LXX).

When the dry land and all its attendant elements appeared, a solid granite crust provided form for the surface of the young planet. The ferromagnetic core maintained alignment of the magnetic field. Radioactive elements with adjacent moderating units formed foundations and a controlled nuclear reactor within earth’s interior. The hydrocarbon masses assumed their role as a swaddling band to moderate temperatures in the adjacent water reservoirs. These warm waters fountain up through granite, clays, and sands to re-circulate back into the subterranean reservoir and form a dynamic Hydro-cycle. A great super-continent was outlined on the planet’s surface. Luxuriant plants were created with their fruit and seeds fully formed, thus incorporating “immediate youth” and “functional maturity, according to Dr. Carl Baugh.

SUPER-OCEAN PANTHALASSA

The super-ocean Panthalassa surrounded the super-continent Pangaea during the pre-flood generations. This ocean included the Pacific Ocean to the west and north and the Tethys Ocean to the southeast. This ocean became the Pacific Ocean, following the closing of the Tethys basin and the breakup of Pangaea, which created the Atlantic, Arctic, and Indian Ocean basins following the great flood. The Panthalassic is often called the Paleo-Pacific (“old Pacific”) because the Pacific Ocean developed from the great flood to the Present. Today the ocean covers nearly 75 percent of the Earth’s surface and is divided into major oceans and smaller seas. The three principal oceans, the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian, are largely delimited by land and submarine topographic boundaries. All are connected to what is sometimes called the Southern Ocean, the waters encircling Antarctica. Important marginal seas, primarily in the Northern Hemisphere, are partially enclosed by landmasses or island arcs. The largest are the Arctic Ocean and adjacent seas, Caribbean and adjacent waters, Mediterranean, Bering Sea, Sea of Okhotsk, Yellow and China Seas, and Sea of Japan.

PLANT LIFE

The plants God made comprise many kinds of mosses, liverworts, ferns, herbaceous and woody plants, bushes, vines, trees, and various other forms living in the Earth and its waters. These plants range in size and complexity from small, nonvascular mosses, which depend on direct contact with surface water, to giant sequoia trees, the largest living organisms, which can draw water and minerals through their vascular systems to elevations of more than 100 meters. During the pre-Flood era plants decorated the entire landmass because there were no desert regions with extreme hot or cold temperatures. Pre-flood human populations could feast on a variety of plants that became extinct or corrupted after the great flood.

Today, only a tiny percentage of plant species are directly used by humans for food, shelter, fiber, and drugs. At the head of the list are rice, wheat, corn, legumes, cotton, conifers, and tobacco, on which whole economies and nations depend. Of even greater importance to humans are the indirect benefits reaped from the entire plant kingdom and many generations of carrying out photosynthesis. Plants have laid down the fossil fuels that provide power for industrial society, and throughout their long history plants have supplied sufficient oxygen to the atmosphere to support living systems. Today the world’s biomass is composed overwhelmingly of plants, which not only underpin almost all food webs, but also modify climates and create and hold down soil, making what would otherwise be stony, sandy masses habitable for life.

THE PRE-FLOOD EARTH

The pre-flood Earth that God made on the Third Creation Day was good. God himself called the Earth Good. When God calls something He created good, then it is perfect. The Earth that we live on today is far from perfect, and cannot be the original Earth God had first created. The pre-flood Earth that God created must have had perfect topography, perfect weather conditions, perfect water supply, perfect landscape, and perfect growth conditions. The Earth was a single land mass, because the waters were commanded to gather to one place (into one ocean). The Garden of Eden was probably created in the center of the Earth’s surface.

According to Genesis, God had created a perfect land mass, called Earth. After 10 generations spanning almost 2,000 years, God destroyed the Earth (land mass) by a universal Flood. This destruction is described in Genesis chapters 6 to 9. The first mention of islands is after the global Flood (Genesis 10:5). The Flood was an event of unprecedented magnitude. A few creation scientists underestimate its magnitude. They are content to establish it was universal, covered all land mass, destroyed all life and caused the deposition of fossils in sedimentary rock layers. They assume the continents were pretty much the same way before the Flood. They do not accept that after the Flood we had a new arrangement of land mass. The breakup of the super-continent was the major impact of the Flood.

Today some creation science researchers know that the planet Earth has expanded in physical size by 25 percent because of the global flood during Noah’s generation (Genesis 7: 1-24) and the division of the Earth during age of Peleg (Genesis 10:25). The Earth expanded rapidly when global flood began and it continued its expansion for another 150 years before slowing down to the gradual expansion rate existing today. The scientific evidence supporting this theory includes continental draft theory, the ocean floors, and reduced gravity.
The solar day on the pre-flood Earth was roughly 19 hours long because the planet Earth was roughly 25 percent smaller in size. This fact means the pre-flood patriarchs lived for a very long time, but they were 25 percent younger in age. Dinosaurs reach gigantic size because of reduced gravity, which caused these reptiles to support their massive weight, according to Dr. Stan Deyo.

AFTER THEIR KIND

All the plants God made reproduce after their kind because they have seed in themselves. This agrees with what we see in nature today, but conflicts with Darwinism. Evolution would say that, given enough time, the kinds of living things would develop into different kinds; therefore, all the present kinds came from one original kind. But the Bible says the living things reproduce after their own kind. There is great diversity or variation within each kind, allowing for adaptation to environment, but each kind remains the same kind. This reproduction after the same kind, which we continue to observe today, occurs because of the power of seed. Scientists have now confirmed that each kind of living thing has its own seed, and that seed has genes and chromosomes that determine the kind of plant that will develop from the seed. These genes and chromosomes came, in turn, from the parent plants. There is some variation within the genes and chromosomes of each kind of plant, allowing diversity and adaptation to environment. But still each seed produces the same kind of living thing from which it came, just as Genesis says. This fact is taught, not just in Genesis chapters 1 and 2, but also elsewhere throughout the Bible, and is used as the basis for fundamental, scientific fact.

CREATION WITH MATURITY (“APPARENCE OF AGE”)

The Genesis creation account describes the plants as having seed in themselves from the very beginning. They were created mature on the very first day of their creation, as was later done with the animals, Adam and Eve. They are described as being capable of propagating from the first day of their existence. This is miraculous, of course. Normally a plant or animal takes weeks, months, or years to mature to the point it can reproduce. The point here, however, is that, if a person were to observe these full-grown plants one day after they had been made and if he were to assume that they had grown to maturity gradually as modern plants do, he would have concluded them to be weeks, months, or years old. However, they would have been only one day old. This is called “creation with apparent age.” God plainly tells us here what He did; therefore, there is nothing deceitful about this. He created everything to do its job from the day they were created.

Because all things were made supernaturally, there was no reason why He should make them immature. He could make them mature as easily as He could make them immature. And by making them mature, He formed a functioning, operational Earth. After the six days of creation, all was set in motion to function properly on an ongoing basis, just like it can function today. Had things been made immature, the Earth would have taken years to reach the point of mature function. Who would have cared for the immature animals as they grew? By making them mature, God made it possible for them to care for themselves and to reproduce and to care for their offspring, from the very beginning. The same principle would apply to all that God made. Everything was capable of functioning from the very beginning.

By today’s natural laws, it would have taken things years to develop and for things to become operational and biologically functional. This explains one reason why people today misjudge the age of the universe. If we assume that all things were originally immature, as many Darwinists assume, and that all things proceed by the same naturalistic processes as exist today, then we will inevitably judge nature to be much older than it really is. However, the Bible describes a very young, but fully mature creation in the beginning, which appears to be many thousands, many millions, and few billions of years old to the secular scientific community. This same truth would apply to the formation of dry land. If we assume that the mountains arose from gradual processes such as we observe today, the formation of mountains would have taken millennia. But the Bible says that, what may appear to have taken millions of years by modern processes, really occurred in one day by God’s miracles of creation, according to Dr. Henry Morris.

CREATION SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS

The third day involved the formation of the dry land, in contrast to the seas, and plants to live on that land. Again this was done by the power of God’s word, and again what was done was declared by God to be good. The creation of the super-continent and super-ocean on this day formed the original Earth. Today, some creation scientists are convinced that all the continents were once joined together into a single continental landmass before the great flood and the generation of Peleg (Genesis 10:25). The theory of continental breakup postulated that a single supercontinent fragmented during Noah’s flood before completely separating into the seven major continents during the days of Peleg and shortly afterwards. The similarity of rock strata in the Americas and Africa are evidence to support this theory. These massive geophysical activities occurred during and after the great flood followed by a rebirth of a new post-flood world thousands of years ago.

We first discover evidence for the expanding Earth with the first complete theory of continental drift proposed in 1912 by Alfred Wegener. Wegener postulated that a single supercontinent, which he called Pangea, fragmented late in the Triassic Period and that the parts began to move away from one another. He pointed to the similarity of rock strata in the Americas and Africa as evidence to support his hypothesis. Wegener’s ideas received support from the concepts of seafloor spreading and plate tectonics beginning in the 1960s. The modern theory states that the Americas were joined with Europe and Africa in the past, when they split apart along what is now the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Subsequent tectonic plate movements took the continents to their present positions. Today, many creation science researchers believe this cataclysmic geophysical separation occurred during the days of Noah and again in Peleg’s generation.

CREATION SCIENCE SOURCES

The New King James Version (NKJV); The Alexandrian Sepuagint LXX transladed by Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton; Halley’s Bible Handbook by Henry Halley; Three Views on Creation and Evolution by J.P. Morland & J.M. Reynolds; Understanding Creation by Mark Worthon & Hill Roberts; Understanding The Bible by Kendell H. Easley; The Dead Sea Scrolls by Craig A. Evans; Christian Apologetics by Doug Powell; Theories of the Universe by Gary F. Moring; String Theory by George Musser; The New Answers by Ken Ham; Biblical Creationism by Henry Morris; Genesis Conflict by Walter Veith, Unformed and Unfilled by Dr. Weston Fields; Creation by Dr. Grant Jeffrey; Starlight and Time by Dr. Russell Humphreys; Panorama of Creation by Dr. Carl Baugh; Speed of Light by Barry Setterfield; D.K Science Encyclopedia. Commentary on Genesis by David E Pratte; The Garden of Eden DVD by Dr. Stan Deyo.

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GENESIS CREATION DAY TWO

Oct
13

“Then God said, “Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” Thus God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament; and it was so. And God called the firmament Heaven. So the evening and the morning were the second day” (Genesis 1:6-8 NKJV).

On the second creation day, God made the Earth’s atmosphere when He divided the waters by forming the firmament. The pre-flood atmosphere was superior to the post flood atmosphere. This primeval atmosphere facilitated optimum genetic expression in all living systems, which contributed to the worldwide gigantism and longevity in all life forms discovered in the fossil record. The Holy Scriptures describes this atmosphere as the firmament.

FIRMAMENT

The word firmament originates from the Vulgate firmamentum, which is used as the translation of the Hebrew raki’a. This word means simply “expansion.” It denotes the space or expanse like an arch appearing immediately above Earth bound observers. They who rendered raki’a by firmamentum regarded it as a solid body. The language of Scripture is not scientific but popular and visual, and hence we read either of the sun rising and setting or of the stars falling from heaven, which is also used here in Genesis with the word firmament. It appears the word for firmament was used to describe solidity and expansion. It formed a division between the waters above and the waters below (Genesis 1:7). The raki’a supported the upper reservoir (Psalm 148:4). It was the support also of the heavenly bodies (Genesis 1:14), and is spoken of as having “windows” and “doors” (Genesis 7:11; Isaiah 24:18; Malachi 3:10) through which the rain and snow might descend. The word “firmament” is mentioned twice in the Psalms as the place of God’s handiwork (Psalms 19:1; 150:1). This term is mentioned again in the books of Ezekiel (Ezekiel 1:22-26; 10:1) and Daniel (Daniel 12:3), the firmament is always related to Creation. Therefore, the word firmament demonstrates that the Holy Scriptures employ the language of visual appearance and not the language of precise scientific description.

The “firmament” is not a word that we use today; therefore, we must study the word to understand what the Bible is saying. Fortunately in Genesis 1:20 it becomes perfectly clear: “Let birds fly above the Earth across the face of the firmament of the heavens.” This means the “firmament” is the sky, where the birds fly. In other words, the sky appeared between the water above the sky, and the water below the sky. After the appearance of the firmament there were three separate layers: First layer describes the water in the stratosphere, second layer describes the sky, where the birds fly, and third layer describes the water below the sky, now known as the sea. There was therefore, at the original Creation, a water canopy in the stratosphere, above the sky. After Noah’s Flood this water canopy in the stratosphere was removed, and the water became part of the waters of the Flood of Noah. The water canopy in the stratosphere is therefore no longer present. The water canopy originally provided protection against cosmic radiation from outer space.

PRE-FLOOD CRYSTALLINE WATER CANOPY

The creation of this crystalline water canopy made the pre-flood Earth’s temperature warm worldwide. There were no major variations of temperature over the entire Earth because of the “greenhouse effect” created by the crystalline water canopy in the stratosphere. This water canopy theory partially explains the longevity and gigantism observed in pre-flood plants, animals, and humans. The crystalline water canopy theory explains the blocking of dangerous X-rays and ultraviolet radiation. One of the very important functions of the upper atmosphere today is that much of the dangerous radiation from the sun is filtered out. However, some dangerous radiation still gets through to the surface of the Earth. This is why overexposure to sunlight can cause skin cancer many people. The blocking of dangerous X-rays and gamma rays would probably have been much greater before the Flood. This probably accounts for the much longer life spans of the patriarchs recorded in the Bible where they lived to be over 900 years.

When we consider that Genesis 2:5-6 indicates that at least prior to the creation of Adam, rain did not fall but that the plants were nourished by springs coming up out of the ground. The Bible does not actually mention rain until the Flood, and a canopy by providing a greenhouse effect could have lessened the need for the water cycle. If Noah was the first person to see a rainbow, that would add further strength to the canopy theory. Genesis 7:11-12 says it rained for 40 days and nights. Such a lengthy deluge would be impossible today because there is not nearly enough moisture in the present atmosphere; therefore, there had to be much more water in the heavens of Noah’s time. Many ancient cultures have legends that seem to describe a canopy-type phenomenon. The Babylonian creation account, Enuma Elish, mentions fogs, clouds, and mists covering the early Earth.

Fossils such as palm trees in Alaska, crocodiles in New Jersey, and petrified wood in the desert suggests a warmer climate in the past and perhaps a more uniform worldwide climate which a canopy might have provided. Although Genesis mentions seasons in relation to the creation of the heavenly bodies, summer and winter seasonal heat and cold as such are not mentioned in Scripture until after the Flood. A canopy would have provided an increased atmospheric pressure, heavier air in other words, that would have allowed the prehistoric flying reptiles such as the Pteranodon to have taken flight. These creatures would not be able to fly in today’s thinner atmosphere unless they became significantly smaller in size.

The canopy theory explains the long ages of the early humans and the giantism found in many plants and animals in the fossil record. The canopy would have absorbed much of the harmful radiation that is known to have damaging effects on the genetic makeup of organisms. With less radiation reaching the surface of the Earth, living things could have lived much longer and in the case of some species, grown to gigantic sizes. Furthermore, increased air pressure and oxygen would have been beneficial to Earth’s living systems.

RICHER OXYGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE ATMOSPHERE

The water canopy in the stratosphere would have dramatically increased the partial pressure of gases on Earth, causing 50 percent higher concentrations of oxygen and carbon dioxide. This is proved in experiments on pre-Flood air trapped in fossilized tree sap, now known as the semi-precious stone, Amber. The partial pressure of oxygen in the pre-flood atmosphere was at one time 50 percent higher than it is now, based the oxygen content found in Amber by science researchers. Amber is a semi-precious stone, commonly used in jewelry. Amber is actually fossilized tree sap, and frequently contains either insects, or bubbles of air. The bubbles of air in Amber have an oxygen content that is 50 percent higher than the present atmospheric air. These findings confirm that the pre-flood Earth had much higher oxygen and carbon dioxide levels. This evidence confirms the theory about higher oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere, caused by the water canopy before Noah’s Flood.

CREATION SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS

The creation of the water crystalline canopy on the second day facilitated warm temperatures worldwide, high oxygen levels globally, and lack of dangerous radiation in the pre-flood Earth. The Garden of Eden conditions described in the early chapters of Genesis were probably reflected all over the entire Earth. There was probably abundant vegetation, animals, birds and fish. Because of the warmer and more constant ambient temperature, and the high partial pressures of oxygen and carbon dioxide humans, animals, birds, insects, and fish were much larger, as revealed in the fossil record described below. The first humans, Adam and Eve, were created in the image of God, and they were superior to modern humans both physically and mentally because they were equipped with perfect genes devoid of debilitating mutations. Genetic mutations increased significantly after the worldwide flood when the crystalline water canopy collapsed suddenly.

Because of the protective effect of the water canopy, there was protection from damaging ultraviolet rays and gamma rays, with probably much lower incidence of biological diseases triggered by genetic mutations. Because of the higher oxygen levels, the high blood oxygen levels would have contributed to extreme longevity, resistance to bacterial and viral diseases, and greater metabolic efficiency, with consequent greatly enhanced athletic ability. Before Noah’s Flood people lived over 900 years, but today most people live under 90 years.

CREATION SCIENCE SOURCES

The New King James Version (NKJV); The Alexandrian Sepuagint LXX transladed by Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton; Halley’s Bible Handbook by Henry Halley; Three Views on Creation and Evolution by J.P. Morland & J.M. Reynolds; Understanding Creation by Mark Worthon & Hill Roberts; Understanding The Bible by Kendell H. Easley; The Dead Sea Scrolls by Craig A. Evans; Christian Apologetics by Doug Powell; Theories of the Universe by Gary F. Moring; String Theory by George Musser; The New Answers by Ken Ham; Biblical Creationism by Henry Morris; Genesis Conflict by Walter Veith, Unformed and Unfilled by Dr. Weston Fields; Creation by Dr. Grant Jeffrey; Starlight and Time by Dr. Russell Humphreys; Panorama of Creation by Dr. Carl Baugh; Speed of Light by Barry Setterfield; D.K Science Encyclopedia.

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GENESIS CREATION DAY ONE

Oct
13

“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light. And God saw the light and that it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness. God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. So the evening and the morning were the first day.” (Genesis 1:1-5 NKJV).

The Holy Scriptures reveal that God made the universe in six days, according to Genesis 1:1-31, Exodus 20:11, and Exodus 31:17. On the first day, God created the universe before He reshaped the planet Earth into a gigantic spherical mass of empty water in Genesis 1:2 and then He divided the light from darkness in Genesis 1:3. This supernatural light would never have been mentioned by evolutionists. On day two God separated the water from the air. The origins of oxygen would not predate land, according to the evolution theory. On the third day, God created the land and plants. On the fourth day, God created the sun, moon, and stars. The Earth predating the sun, moon, and stars by three days is considered scientific heresy by evolutionists. On day five fish and birds were created. The birds coming before land animals contradict all macro-evolutionary models. On the sixth day of creation, land animals and man were created. At this time there was no death on the Earth, and God proclaimed it was good. The six days of creation contradicts all evolutionary models, which claims death predates humankind.

GOD’S CREATION METHOD

God creates through a process of first forming and later filling. The first three days describe God forming the universe while the last three days records God filling the universe, according to Dr. Weston Fields. In other words, God form the light on the First Day before filling the universe with stars, galaxies, planets, and moons on the Fourth Day. God formed the Earth’s atmosphere and ocean on the Second Day before filling the sky and sea with flying creatures and marine life forms on the Fifth Day. God formed a single landmass on the Third Day before filling the super-continent with land animals and humankind on the Sixth Day (Genesis 1:1-31 NKJV). From Genesis to Revelation, God is always forming order out of chaos, light out of darkness, life out of death, and success out of failure. Today, God is continually forming and filling the lives of believers daily.

QUANTUM VIBRATIONS

God created the entire universe on the first day by the power of His words. This means that God spoke the universe into existence with invisible energy, according to Psalm 33:9, Isaiah 45:11-12, John 1:1-5, and Hebrews 11:3. This explanation makes no sense until we study quantum physics and string theory where we learn the relationship between invisible energy and visible matter. All matter is made up of atoms, which are made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons. Within these subatomic particles are quarks. Beyond the quarks are smaller energy particles which behave like vibrating strings generating waves of energy. This means that the correct quantum vibration of energy can generate and shape matter. String theory demonstrates that Genesis is supported by quantum physics. Today, the most self-consistent string theories propose 11 dimensions; four correspond to the three ordinary spatial dimensions and time, while the rest are believed to be curled up and not perceptible to humanity, according to some creation science researchers.

When God used His word to create all things, this also means that God employed the sound wave energy from His voice to create and shape matter. God’s words are vibrations of energy that affects matter. All “things” (matter) are made of atoms. Nothing is really solid, including the kitchen table even if it is made of oak and steel. We may not see the space between the atoms in our table, but if we could see that small, we could also see movement because the kitchen table is vibrating. Everything has a frequency of vibration. We vibrate, our cars vibrate, and even large mountains vibrate. They all have a natural frequency.

Faith is an unseen energy force. It is not matter, but it creates matter and actually becomes matter. That is because faith-energized words convert energy to matter. Words are the catalyst that turns the substance of faith into physical manifestation. Faith is the raw material from which all matter is made. Hebrews 11:1 says that “faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.” These words mean that faith is the invisible substance from which God’s physical universe was created. God used faith-substance and word-energy to create the universe. He spoke and the vibration (sound) of His words released the substance that became the stars, planets, and everything else.

CREATION OF THE UNIVERSE

On the first creation day, God made the universe. The words “in the beginning God created the heavens (SPACE-TIME DIMENSION) and the Earth (ENERGY-MATTER/E=MC2)” describe God forming space, time, and matter into existence, which makes up the universe. Genesis 1:1 describes invisible energy transformation into all matter, which is explained in Albert Einstein’s famous E=MC2 equation. This equation sketches the energy conversion into matter. The universe as it exists was not produced by some cosmic accident. The conditions of creation were intricately planned and considered. A mindless uncontrolled “big bang” would result in destruction and chaos, not the life and order we now observe. On the other hand, a great initial expansion of physical matter that had just been transformed from pure energy, followed by orderly formation of stars, galaxies and everything else, is reasonable, rational, and logical.

HEAVENS (SPACE TIME DIMENSION)

The Biblical word for “HEAVENS” is used in three different ways in the Bible. First, the word describes the Earth’s atmosphere, where the birds fly (Genesis 1:20; Hosea 4:3; Proverbs 23:5 NKJV), Second, the word describes outer space where the sun, moon, and stars are, perhaps including the atmosphere (Genesis 1:14-17; 22:17; Joshua 10:13). And third, the word describes the eternal, spiritual dwelling place of God almighty and His holy angels (1 Kings 8:27, 30; Psalm 11:4; Matthew 5:16; 6:9; 1 Peter 1:12; 2 Corinthians 12:2,4 NKJV). The word for “HEAVENS” here in Genesis 1:1 cannot have the last meaning. This word does not refer to the atmosphere as we now know it. This word does not refer to the heavenly bodies as we now know them because they were not formed till the second and fourth creation days. We must conclude that the term “HEAVENS” here mostly likely refer to all the matter above the Earth which at this point remained UNORGANIZED just as the Earth itself existed, but was not
yet organized (Genesis 1:2 NKJV). Later in the creation process, the heavens were organized into the atmosphere and the heavenly bodies, just as Earth itself was later organized into a form such as we now know it. In other words, here God formed the space-time dimension before creating the matter that would fill the universe.

Space is 3-dimensional because it includes the measurements of height, depth, and width. Time is 3-dimensional because it involves the realm of past, present, and future. The space-time dimension is the single entity that relates space and time in a four-dimensional structure. Albert Einstein postulated this concept in his relativity theory. Before Einstein, the scientific community believed that there was no connection between space and time. Many scientists believe that space was a 3-dimensional arrangement of all possible point locations. They viewed time as an independent one-dimensional concept. However, Einstein demonstrated that a relative motion complete description require equations that include time along with the three spatial dimensions. He demonstrated that space-time is curved, which allowed him to account for gravitation in his general relativity theory.

EARTH (MATTER AND ENERGY)

The word EARTH refers to the matter and energy or material substance decorating the universe. At this point in creation, the planet Earth existed as a mass of empty water. In other words, God had only brought into existence the basic elements to be used in forming the universe. But what existed had no useful or meaningful shape (without form), and contained nothing (void – it was uninhabited, no life yet existed). The surface of Earth is described simply as the “deep” and “waters” – apparently a solution or liquid form of matter in no useful form. Furthermore, there was apparently no existing energy, for there was darkness. All our energy comes physically from light. At this time there was no light. Darkness is the absence of light. However, God the Holy Spirit was present hovering over the waters. He was alive and involved in the events, though after this we are told little of what He did.
Matter and energy are two different expressions of the same physical entity and they are material substances that constitute the observable universe and they form the basis of all objective phenomena. Matter is made up of atoms and all atoms contain protons, neutrons, and electrons. Atoms are the basic building blocks of matter. Every physical entity can be described, physically, and mathematically, in terms of interrelated quantities of mass, inertia, and gravitation. Matter generally occurs in four states plasmas, gases, liquids, and solids.

Energy exists in various forms, including kinetic, potential, thermal, chemical, electrical, and nuclear. Energy can be converted from one form to another. Although energy may be converted from one form to another, it may not be created or destroyed because the total energy in a closed system remains constant. All forms of energy are associated with motion. Heat and work involve the transfer of energy and heat transferred may become thermal energy.

Genesis 1:1-2 are included in the events of the first creation day. This perspective clearly fit the pattern of the chapter. The chapter is divided into sections by days and each section ends with words the evening and the morning were of particular day. The main reason for this view is that God’s word expressly says in Exodus 20:11: “For in six days the Lord made the HEAVENS and the EARTH, the sea, and
all that is in them.” This truth is expressly repeated in Exodus 31:17. This appears to mean that God’s word expressly states that the HEAVENS and EARTH (universe) were made in the six days of creation. This means that Genesis 1:1 is part of the events of the first day. Therefore, on the first day God brought the HEAVENS and Earth into existence before God created light.

FORMATION OF VISIBLE-LIGHT

When God says “light there be light” in Genesis 1:3, this form of light was supernatural light originating from the Creator Himself because the galaxies, stars, planets, and moons were not created until creation day four. God’s light is much brighter than the noonday sun because Paul said Messiah Yeshua appeared to him as light brighter than the noonday sun (Acts 9:15 NKJV). The Earth’s primeval atmosphere was so heavily overcast with thick darkness that only God’s light could remove the darkness. We read elsewhere in Scripture that God is light (1 John 1:5 NKJV). Messiah Yeshua said “I am the light of the world” (John 8:12 NKJV). We read in Revelation 21:22-24 that the Earth’s inhabitants have no need of the sun because God’s light illuminates the Earth’s atmosphere. God’s light flooded the universe and it generated additional matter and energy required for the formation of galaxies, stars, planets, and moons on the fourth creation day (Genesis 1:14-19 NKJV).

The creation of the heavens and the Earth formed the raw materials required for the following days. The word for heavens” refers to everything beyond the Earth, outer space. In other words, the words for HEAVENS and EARTH describe the entire universe made up of space, time, and matter. The planet Earth is made as mass of water before the God’s Spirit give the Earth a spherical shape. God then speaks visible light into existence. The Light of this period was supernatural and it flooded the universe in a flash. This light shined on the Earth before the creation of the sun, moon, and stars. God then separates the light from the darkness and names the light “DAY” and the darkness “NIGHT.” All of this creative work occurs during one day.

When God separated visible light from darkness, he divided what was different in essence, for darkness is the absence of visible light. They are separate and cannot be the same. Light removes darkness. This physical truth is the symbol of many spiritual truths regarding right and wrong (1 John 1:3-7 NKJV). Darkness did not cease to exist, but it was distinct from visible light. God named His creations. Visible light was called “day” and darkness called “night.” The evening and morning were the first day. In this verse it appears that “evening” and “morning” refer to the darkness and light God had just made.

AGE OF THE UNIVERSE

Modern cosmology teaches that the universe is more than 10 billion years old. On the other hand, some creation scientists teach the universe is less than 10 thousand years old. Many people have been taught that the universe is the result of an explosion called the “Big Bang”. This explosion was triggered by a quantum fluctuation. During this explosive expansion, all the matter of the universe supposedly expanded outward from a tiny pinpoint. This cosmic expansion began from its “center” where all of the matter exploded outward from its “center.” We would assume that the universe had a center and an edge. However, all modern cosmological models start with the assumption that the universe has neither a center nor an edge (This concept is almost impossible to imagine). The Big Bang theory says the universe is billions of years old at every location. However, this evolutionary assumption directly contradicts logic and reason.

Rather than begin with these evolutionary assumptions (a universe having no center and no edge), a few creation science physicists decided to take the most apparent meaning of the Holy Bible and see what model of the universe developed. The Bible clearly indicates three things about God’s formation of the universe. First, the planet Earth is the center of God’s attention in the universe. By inference, the Earth is probably located near the center so that humankind can see the glory of God’s creation in every direction. Second, the universe (both matter and space itself) has been “stretched out”, according to the Holy Scriptures (Isaiah 45:11-12 and Isaiah 51:12-13) and scientific observations. Third, the universe has a boundary, and therefore it must have a center. When we plug in these biblical revelations, scientific observations, and rational assumptions into the currently accepted formulas of physics, we discover that we are living in a universe in which clocks tick at different rates depending on our location in the universe.

Furthermore, the time dilation effect would be magnified tremendously as the universe was originally expanding. As the universe expanded, there was a point when time was moving very rapidly at the outer edge and essentially stopped near the center. At this point in the expansion of the universe, only days were passing near the center, while billions of years were passing in the heavens. This theory means that only a few days went by on the Earth’s surface, during a seven day creation week, while millions and billions of years of cosmic history transpired in the expanding outer regions of space. This is the inevitable conclusion based on Dr. Albert Einstein’s General Relativity Theory and Dr. Russell Humphreys’ New Creation Science Model. This means that the universe is both billions of years old and thousands of years old, according to Dr. Chuck Missler.

CREATION SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS

On the first day, God creates the entire universe with the formation of time, space, and matter. The Holy Scriptures begins with the universe’s creation when Moses wrote the words “In the beginning God created the heavens and the Earth” (Genesis 1:1 NKJV). The word for beginning sketches the creation of time. The word for heaven describes the creation of space. And the word for Earth describes the creation of matter. In other words, this first verse describes the formation of the space-time dimension along with invisible energy transformation into all matter, which is explained in Albert Einstein’s famous E=MC2 equation. This equation sketches the energy conversion into matter. The second verse describes the Earth after its original formation and after the universe’s creation: “Now the Earth was formless and empty, darkness covered the Earth’s watery surface and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters” (Genesis 1:2 NKJV). Genesis chapter one verse two reveals the perspective of the following creation events.

The original universe was UNFORMED and UNFILLED because it had no galaxies, no stars, no planets (except Earth), and no moons. The cosmos was decorated with the darkness of outer-space and only the planet Earth existed. The original planet Earth was unformed and unfilled because it existed as a gigantic mass of empty water (Genesis 1:2 NKJV). God’s Spirit moved on the watery mass and generated a spherical shape. All life on Earth depends on water to survive and function properly. Plants need water to properly perform photosynthesis. Humans and animals need water to stay hydrated and for cellular respiration to work. Water contains the integration of hydrogen and oxygen (H2O). The Earth’s surface is the perspective of the entire creation history. This means that after Genesis 1:1, the whole creation account is described from the perspective of a geocentric orientation or from the view of the planet Earth’s surface.

God’s first creation on the unformed earth was light. Light is energy from which all our other energy forms come. To have life as we know it, energy is required. Thus, God began by making the energy — light. What God created was “good.” This is said repeatedly regarding nearly every day, and is stated in summary regarding the whole creation (Genesis 1:31 NKJV). God is perfect and makes no mistakes. God originally made all things very good and fully functional and perfect before the universe began its decline because of entropy and thermodynamics increasing after the creation week.
CREATION SCIENCE SOURCES

Creation; Dr. Grant R. Jeffrey; 2003.Genesis One; Dr. Gerald Schroeder With Zola Levitt; 1998.Genesis and The Big Bang; Gerald L. Schroeder, Ph.D.;1992.Inspired Evidence; Bruce Malone;2011.Starlight and Time; D. Russell Humphreys, Ph.D.; 1990.Rethinking Genesis; Duane Garrett; 2000.The English Septuagint Version, Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton; 1851.The Genesis Conflict; Dr. Walter Veith; 2002.The New Answers Book1; Ken Ham; 2006.The New Answers Book2; Ken Ham; 2008.The New Answers Book3; Ken Ham; 2010.The New Answers Book4; Ken Ham; 2014.The New King James Version; Thomas Nelson; 1982.The Speed of Light Commentary; Barry Setterfield; 1998.The Signature of God; Grant R. Jeffrey; 2010.Three Views on Creation and Evolution; J.P. Morland & John Mark Reynolds; 1999.Unveiling Mysteries of the Bible; Grant. R. Jeffrey; 2002; Halley’s Bible Handbook; Henry H, Halley; 1965. Starlight & Time; Dr. Russell Humphreys; 2010.

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GEOCENTRIC CREATION THEORY

Aug
11

The Geocentric Creation Theory teaches that God created the entire universe roughly 6,000 or 7,000 years ago during six consecutive, literal days (24 hours), as we count time today on planet Earth, according to Exodus 20:11, Exodus 31:17, Genesis 1:1-31, and Genesis 2:1-25. Geocentrism is the belief that the Earth is located at the center of the universe. Biblical geo-centrists generally view the creation of the universe as an Earth-centered event, and the space beyond the Earth was created simply to “declare the glory of God” (Psalm 19:1). They largely assumed the Earth is at the center of the universe.

Geo-centrism disagrees with big bang cosmological theory, atheistic evolution, theistic evolution, old Earth progressive creationism, young Earth creationism, and gap theory creationism.  They believe that Copernicus, Galileo, and Kepler were wrong about their heliocentric model.  They argue that the Sun orbits the Earth. They claim the Earth is the center of the solar and planetary system and it is motionless and it is located at the very center of the universe. They insist they have the hard facts to back up their theory, which they build with evidence from Biblical interpretation, Church documents, and scientific observations and experiments.   They embrace micro-evolution, which describes biological variation of all plant and animal kinds following an original perfect creation. They completely reject Darwinian macro-evolution (biological evolution of primeval species into new species).

The geocentric creation theory geocentric creation theory argues that natural selection and genetic mutations cannot create new genetic information under natural conditions; therefore, macro-evolution is simply impossible. This theory teaches that evolution is not based on the scientific method, which requires observation, hypothesis, experimentation, and theory. Because scientists cannot observe evolution or conduct experiments on evolution, Darwinism is based only on hypothesis and theory, which is speculation and conjecture, but not real science.

BIBLE SUPPORT FOR GEOCENTRISM

Arguments supporting geocentrism is derived from Genesis 1:1-31, Genesis 2:1-4, Joshua 10:12-13, Habakkuk 3:11, Isaiah 38:8, Ephesians 4:26,1 Chronicles 16:30, Psalms 93:1, and Psalms 96:10. Geocentrism is suggested in several other biblical passages: Joshua 10:12-13: On the day the LORD gave the Amorites over to Israel, Joshua said to the LORD in the presence of Israel: “O sun, stand still over Gibeon, O moon, over the Valley of Aijalon.” So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, till the nation avenged itself on its enemies, as it is written in the Book of Jashar. The sun stopped in the middle of the sky and delayed going down about a full day.  1 Chronicles 16:30: Fear before him, all the earth: the world also shall be stable, that it be not moved. Psalm 19:6: It [the sun] rises at one end of the heavens and makes its circuit to the other; nothing is hidden from its heat. Psalm 93:1: The LORD reigns, he is clothed with majesty; the LORD is clothed with strength, wherewith he hath girded himself: the world also is established, that it cannot be moved. Psalm 96:10: Say among the heathen that the LORD reigns: the world also shall be established that it shall not be moved: he shall judge the people righteously. Psalm 104:5: Bless the LORD . . .Who laid the foundations of the earth, that it should not be removed forever. Ecclesiastes 1:5: The sun also rises, and the sun goes down, and moves to his place where he arose.

SCIENTIFIC SUPPORT FOR GEOCENTRISM

Geocentrism is supported by scientists and theologians as Dr. Robert Sungenis, Dr. Gerardus Bouw, Malcolm Bowden, and Dr. Philip Stott. Scientific experiments that appear to demonstrate the Earth is in the center universe include Airy’s Failure, Michelson-Gale’s experiment, and the famous Michelson-Morley experiment. These experiments have been repeated many times, but they produced no new results. According to Tycho Brahe’s geocentric system, the Moon, Sun, and stars all revolved around the Earth, but unlike the previous models, he had the rest of the planets revolving around the Sun.

According to Dr. Steven Weinberg, if we were to adopt a frame of reference like Tycho’s geocentric model where the Earth is motionless, then the distant galaxies would seem to be executing circular turns once every year, and in general relativity this enormous motion would generate forces akin to gravitation, which would act upon the Sun and planets and give them the motions of the Tychonic theory.  Sir Isaac Newton acknowledged that Tycho’s geocentric theory could be true and some other force beside ordinary gravitation acted on the Sun and Planets. This means the Earth could be at the very center of the universe.

The geocentric theory argue that the universe revolves around the Earth and it causes the necessary movement required for the day and night cycle and seasonal patterns. This theory state that the force and mass of the universe causes effects on the Earth such as the coriolis effect. This theory place the Earth at the primary center of such movement in such a way that the sun revolves round a stationary Earth, and the planets revolve around the sun. In such a system, the Earth is not viewed as a planet, since the word implies a moving object, according to Dr. Gerardus Bouw.

GOD’S CREATION METHOD

God creates by the power of His words. This means that God spoke the universe into existence from invisible energy, according to Psalm 33:9, Isaiah 45:11-12, John 1:1-5, and Hebrew 11:3. This explanation makes no sense until we study quantum physics and string theory where we learn the relationship between invisible energy and visible matter. All matter is made up of atoms, which are made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons. Within these subatomic particles are quarks. Beyond the quarks are smaller energy particles which behave like vibrating strings generating waves of energy. This means that the correct quantum vibration of energy can generate and shape matter. String theory demonstrates that Genesis is supported by quantum physics. Today, the most self-consistent string theories propose 11 dimensions; four correspond to the three ordinary spatial dimensions and time, while the rest are believed to be curled up and not perceptible to humanity, according to some creation researchers.

God also creates through a process of first forming and later filling. The first three days describe God forming the universe while the last three days records God filling the universe, according to Dr. Weston Fields. In other words, God form the light on the First Day before filling the universe with stars, galaxies, planets, and moons on the Fourth Day. God formed the Earth’s atmosphere and ocean on the Second Day before filling the sky and sea with flying creatures and marine life forms on the Fifth Day. God formed a single landmass on the Third Day before filling the supercontinent with land animals and humankind on the Sixth Day (Genesis 1:1-31 NKJV). From Genesis to Revelation, God is always forming order out of chaos, light out of darkness, life out of death, and success out of failure. Today, God is continually forming and filling the lives of believers daily.

THE FIRST CREATION DAY – UNIVERSE

On the first day, God creates the entire universe with the formation of time, space, and matter. The Holy Scriptures begins with the universe’s creation when Moses wrote the words “In the beginning (TIME) God created the heavens (SPACE) and the Earth” (MATTER) (Genesis 1:1 NKJV). The word for beginning sketches the creation of time. The word for heaven describes the creation of space. And the word for Earth describes the creation of matter. In other words, this first verse describes formation of the space-time dimension along with invisible energy transformation into all matter, which is explained in Albert Einstein’s famous E=MC2 equation. This equation sketches the energy conversion into matter. The second verse describes the Earth after its original formation and after the universe’s creation: “Now the Earth was formless and empty, darkness covered the Earth’s watery surface and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters” (Genesis 1:2 NKJV).

The original universe was UNFORMED and UNFILLED because it had no galaxies, no stars, no planets and no moons.  The cosmos was empty and only filled with the darkness of outer-space and only the Earth existed at the center of the universe. God created darkness and formed the light (Isaiah 45:7). The original Earth was UNFORMED and UNFILLED because it existed as a gigantic mass of empty water (Genesis 1:2 NKJV). God’s Spirit moved on the watery mass and generated a spherical shape. All life on Earth depends on water to survive and function properly. Plants need water to properly perform photosynthesis. Humans and animals need water to stay hydrated and for cellular respiration to work. Water contains the integration of hydrogen and oxygen (H2O). The Earth’s surface is the perspective of the entire creation history. This means that after Genesis 1:1 describes the whole creation account from the perspective of a geocentric orientation or from the view of the planet Earth’s surface.

The first day nears its end when God said “let there be light” (Genesis 1:3-5 NKJV), the light that reached the Earth was not natural sunlight. This form of light was supernatural light originating from the Creator Himself because God created the galaxies, stars, planets, and moons later on creation day four. God’s light is much brighter than the noonday sun because Paul said Messiah Yeshua appeared to him as light brighter than the noonday sun (Acts 9:15 NKJV). The Earth’s primeval atmosphere had thick darkness and only God’s light could remove the darkness. We read elsewhere in Scripture that God is light (1 John 1:5 NKJV). Messiah Yeshua said “I am the light of the world” (John 8:12 NKJV). We read in Revelation 21:22-24 that the Earth’s inhabitants have no need of the sun because God’s light illuminates the Earth’s atmosphere. God’s light flooded the universe and it generated additional matter and energy required for the formation of galaxies, stars, planets, and moons on the fourth creation day (Genesis 1:14-19 NKJV).

The creation of the heavens and the Earth formed the raw materials required for the following days. The word for heavens” refers to everything beyond the Earth, outer space. In other words, the words for HEAVENS and EARTH describe the entire universe made up of space, time, and matter. The Earth is made as mass of water before God’s Spirit give the Earth a spherical shape. God then speaks visible light into existence. The Light of this period was supernatural and it flooded the universe in a flash. This light shined on the Earth before the creation of the sun, moon, and stars. God then separates the light from the darkness and names the light “DAY” and the darkness “NIGHT.” All of this creative work occurs during one day.

THE SECOND CREATION DAY – THE FIRMAMENT

On the second day, God made the Earth’s atmosphere when He divided the waters by forming the firmament. The pre-flood atmosphere was superior to the post flood atmosphere. This primeval atmosphere facilitated optimum genetic expression in all living systems, which contributed to the worldwide gigantism and longevity in all life forms discovered in the fossil record. During the pre-flood era, Adam lived 930 years, Seth lived 912 years, Enosh lived 905 years, Kenan lived 910 years, Mahalalel lived 895 years, Jared lived 962 years, Enoch lived 365 years,  Methusalah lived 969 years, Lamech lived 777 years, and Noah lived 950 years.  Many gigantic fossilized remains of fishes, amphibians, reptiles, mammals, and birds originated from the pre-flood and early post-flood eras. The Holy Scriptures describes this superior atmosphere as the firmament.

The “waters above the firmament” describe a frozen water canopy surrounding the pre-flood Earth. In other words, when God spoke, the concentrated hydrogen in the magnetic canopy bonded into crystalline lattice among the water molecules.  God created a thin, solid transparent water canopy, suspended by its own superconductivity as a crystalline water canopy over the watery Earth, according to Dr. Carl Baugh. This frozen crystalline water canopy existed in the pre-flood atmosphere for 10 generations because there was no outer-space bombardment of Earth before the global flood. When it collapsed into liquid rain, the extreme cooling effect began the post-flood Ice Age. Some creation science researchers believe the existence of a canopy as a possible cause for a variety of pre-flood anomalies, including human longevity and the apparent lack of rain or rainbows. They argue that such a canopy would filter out much of the short wave cosmic radiation that is harmful to plants, animals, and humans. The Earth’s pre-flood ozone layer and frozen water canopy contributed to the primeval longevity and gigantism observed in all living system found throughout the fossil record.

The formation of Earth’s atmosphere formed a barrier between waters above and the waters below. The atmosphere is the Gaseous envelope that surrounds the Earth. Near the surface it has a well-defined chemical composition. In addition to gases, the atmosphere contains solid and liquid particles in suspension. Today the scientific community has divided the atmosphere into five main layers: in ascending order, the troposphere (surface 10–13 kilometers); the stratosphere (50 kilometers); the mesosphere (50 to 80 kilometers); the thermosphere (80 to 480 kilometers); and the exosphere (from 480 kilometers and gradually dissipating). Most of the atmosphere consists of neutral atoms and molecules, but in the ionosphere a significant fraction is electrically charged. The ionosphere begins near the top of the stratosphere but is most distinct in the thermosphere.

THE THIRD CREATION DAY – THE SUPERCONTINENT

On the third day, God formed a gigantic landmass, a vast ocean, and plant life. The formation of the Earth’s super-continent included three main layers: the crust (on the outside), the mantle (underneath the crust), and the core (the Earth’s center). The core contains an inner core and an outer core. Creation scientists sometimes refer to the supercontinent that God made as Pangea. Before the global flood, Pangea covered about half the Earth because a world ocean called Panthalassa completely surrounded Pangea. Early during the global flood, Pangea began to break apart. Its segments, Laurasia (composed of all the present-day northern continents) and Gondwana (the present-day southern continents) gradually receded during the early post-flood days of Peleg (Genesis 10:25 NKJV), resulting in the formation of the Atlantic and Indian oceans. This means the pre-flood Earth’s crustal surface would appear to be roughly 50 percent water and approximately 50 percent landmass. Most of the Earth’s water was located in deep chambers beneath the solid ground. This means that during the third creation day the Earth changed from a watery sphere into a planet with an irregular surface with ocean basins and a single continental landmass covered with plant life. The plant life existed in the super-ocean and on the landmass in great diversity (Genesis 1:9-13 NKJV).

The super-ocean Panthalassa surrounded the supercontinent Pangaea during the pre-flood generations. This ocean included the Pacific Ocean to the west and north and the Tethys Ocean to the southeast. This ocean became the Pacific Ocean, following the closing of the Tethys basin and the breakup of Pangaea, which created the Atlantic, Arctic, and Indian Ocean basins following the great flood. The Panthalassic is often called the Paleo-Pacific (“old Pacific”) because the Pacific Ocean developed from the great flood to the Present. Today the ocean covers nearly 75 percent of the Earth’s surface and is divided into major oceans and smaller seas. The three principal oceans, the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian, are largely delimited by land and submarine topographic boundaries. All are connected to what is sometimes called the Southern Ocean, the waters encircling Antarctica. Important marginal seas, primarily in the Northern Hemisphere, are partially enclosed by landmasses or island arcs. The largest are the Arctic Ocean and adjacent seas, Caribbean and adjacent waters, Mediterranean, Bering Sea, Sea of Okhotsk, Yellow and China Seas, and Sea of Japan.

The formation of plant life with self-sustaining reproductive capability was among the first life forms made on Earth. All known life-forms possess either DNA or RNA. DNA means deoxyribonucleic Acid. DNA is the chemical substance of genes. The DNA structure includes two strands wound around each other in a double helix to resemble a twisted ladder and this structure was first described by Francis Crick and James D. Watson. Each strand is a long chain of repeating nucleotides: adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T). Likewise, RNA stands for ribonucleic acid and it consists of strands of repeating nucleotides joined in chainlike fashion, but the strands are single (except in certain viruses), and it has the nucleotide uracil (U) where DNA has thymine (T).

The DNA and RNA molecules actually carry the instructions for creating the biochemical information system we call life. DNA contains the actual blueprint for building life molecules, and RNA carries that information to other parts of the cell. We should think of DNA as being like a compact disk complete with complex information, and the RNA as the CD player. Without the RNA, the cells would have no way of understanding the information contained in the DNA, which is the information that will direct the protein molecules to form or repair living cells. The instructions for building RNA are contained in the DNA. This fact would be like having a CD that contained all of the instructions explaining how to build a CD player. However, if there were no CD player to play the information on, how could we ever get those instructions out? This means that DNA and RNA are chemically codependent because God created and designed them into existence simultaneously, according to many intelligent design theorists and creation science biologists and geneticists.

THE FOURTH CREATION DAY – SUN, MOON,  STARS

On the fourth day, God filled the universe with galaxies, stars, planets, and moons from the matter and energy created during the universal flash of light on the first day. These heavenly spheres were to function as markers for years, seasons, months, weeks, and days (Genesis 1:14-19 NKJV). The sun marked the day (sunset to sunset), the moon marked the month (new moon to new moon), and the stars marked the seasons (spring, summer, winter, and autumn). The pre-flood year was 360 days long, its month equaled 30 days, and its week equal seven days, according to some creation science researchers. Time as we know it began during this day; however, if we could measure the period of the first three days, each day would equal 24 hours in duration because Exodus 20:11 says God created all things in six days.

The moon was created to be the sole natural satellite of Earth. The moon orbits from west to east at a mean distance of approximately 384,400 kilometers. It is less than one-third the size of Earth. Its surface gravity is about one-sixth that of Earth and its gravitational pull is largely responsible for Earth’s tides. The Moon shines by reflected sunlight. It rotates on its axis in about 29.5 days, in exactly the time it takes to orbit Earth, and it therefore always presents the same face to Earth. However, that face is lit by the Sun at different angles as the Moon revolves around Earth, causing it to display different phases over the month, from new to full.

The light from the stars reach the Earth rapidly. The speed of light was faster during the creation week than it is today (300,000 km per second) because the speed of light has been slowing down since the creation week, according to astronomer Barry Setterfield. Animals and plants were able to survive faster light speed because the pre-flood crystalline canopy offered stronger protection from deadly outer-space radiation, according to Dr. Carl Baugh. The star light was also able to reach the Earth faster because of the gravitational space time dilation effect proliferating throughout the universe during the creation week, according to Dr. Russell Humphreys.

The creation of galaxies included billions of star systems and interstellar matter that make up the universe. The Galaxies vary considerably in size, composition, structure, and activity, but nearly all are arranged in groups, or clusters, containing from a few galaxies to as many as 10,000. Each is composed of millions to trillions of stars; in many, as in the Milky Way Galaxy, nebulae can be detected. A large fraction of the bright galaxies in the sky are spiral galaxies, with a main disk in which spiral arms wind out from the center.

The geocentric creation theory teaches that the Earth is located at the center of the universe. The sun, moon, and stars along with some of the observable galaxies revolve around the Earth once every 24 hours and the most distant galaxies would revolve around the Earth once every year. Edwin Hubble’s observation of the red-shift of galaxies, Airy’s Failure, Michelson-Gale’s experiment, and the Michelson-Morley experiment confirms the geocentric model for the universe. Therefore,  the geocentric creation theory appears to be supported by scientific observations and repeatable experiments, while heliocentricity and the BBT are supported by assertions and philosophical assumptions, according to Dr. Gerardus Bouw and Dr. Philip Stott.

THE FIFTH CREATION DAY – FLYING CREATURES AND MARINE ANIMALS

On the fifth day, God filled the sky with flying creatures and the ocean with marine life forms. These creatures included fishes, amphibians, reptiles, mammals, birds, and insects. The fossil record show that these creatures were larger in size probably because they lived longer in an environment designed for maximum genetic expression. God created many other life forms during the Fifth Day, but only the fishes and birds are mentioned. God blessed them and said, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth.” (Genesis 1:20-23 NKJV). Furthermore, when God created all marine life forms and all flying creatures, this may be the time when God made flying insects also. All of these creatures are made with the ability to perpetuate their kind by biological reproduction. The creatures made on Day Five are the first creatures blessed by God.

The creation of marine reptiles included the ancestors of the Leviathan. The Leviathan is the marine animal described by God in the book of Job (chapter 41) as a terrifying fire-breathing sea monster. The creature is described as a strong beast with a tough outer “armor”. He cannot be pulled out with a fishhook and no warrior dares to fight him. This animal breathed fire and snorted out smoke. The Leviathan is a reference to an extinct animal that was alive and known to those that lived during the pre-flood and early post flood eras. This animal was probably a plesiosaur, such as the Kronosaurus, others have proposes it was the giant armored crocodile Sarcosuchus.

The creation of flying reptiles included the Pterosaurs. Their wings were designed by God with a membrane of skin, muscle, and other tissues stretching from the ankles to a dramatically lengthened fourth finger. Some kinds had long, fully toothed jaws and long tails, while other kinds had a highly reduced tail, and some lacked teeth. Many sported furry coats made up of hair-like filaments, which covered their bodies and parts of their wings.

THE SIXTH CREATION DAY – LAND ANIMALS AND HUMANKIND

On the sixth day, God filled the Earth’s landmass with animals, and humankind. This day’s work included the creation of land dwelling insects, reptiles, mammals, flightless birds, along with sauropod and theropod dinosaurs. God created many other living systems during the Sixth Day, but Moses only mentions a few creatures and humankind. The Behemoth was one of the dinosaurs created during this day. The Behemoth is described in the book of Job chapter 40:15-24 and it was clearly a sauropod dinosaur. The global flood and post-flood climatic transformations caused massive extinctions that decimated many land animal kinds created on the sixth day. Many pre-flood animal kinds are only found within the fossil record. The post-flood Earth was replenished with animals with superior capacity to adapt to changing environments. (Genesis 1:24-31 NKJV).

God reveals that each living creature on the land is created “according to their kind.” This refutes the notion that all species of animals evolved from a single, common, primeval organism. It supports the scientific evidence that living creatures have adapted over time to their environment, while there is no convincing evidence that one species of animal has evolved into another. God created humankind in His own image. God saw everything that He had made, and it was “good” (1:4, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25, 31). It is interesting to note that God declared all that he had made on the sixth day “very good” perhaps to stress the relative significance of this day in comparison to the prior days.

Before God creates humankind, the Creator takes counsel with Himself (God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit), and “God said, ‘Let us make man in our image, in our likeness’” (Genesis 1:26). These words are an early revelation of the Divine Trinity and they are part of the foundation for such, as God reveals an “us” within the Godhead. God makes humankind, and humankind is made in the image of God (men and women are made in God’s Triune image) and we are special above all other life forms. To emphasize this fact, God places humanity in authority over the Earth and over all the other life forms. God blesses humankind and commands them to reproduce, fill the Earth and subdue it. God announces that humankind and all other land animals are to eat plants alone. Finally, God’s creative work is complete by the conclusion of the Sixth Day. The entire universe in all its beauty and perfection was fully formed in six literal, consecutive, 24-hour days. At the completion of His creation, God announces that His creation was very good.

THE SEVENTH CREATION DAY – SABBATH REST

On the Seventh Day, God concluded His work on creation; and He RESTED, not because God was tired, but because the seventh day of the creation week was a type of the Sabbath. This appears clear from Exodus 20:11 because Moses wrote that “For in six days the Lord made Heaven and Earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the SEVENTH day; wherefore the Lord blessed the SABBATH day, and hallowed it.” According to the paleo-Hebrew in the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Greek Septuagint version of the Holy Bible, this passage says that God CEASE from working (Genesis 2:1-2 NKJV and LXX), which indicates that God was never tired, but that God only stopped working on the seventh day. In other words, this day reveals that God is establishing a pattern of one day in the seven day week for humankind to rest, to reflect, to worship, and to enjoy life. The keeping of this day will eventually be a distinguishing trait of God’s chosen people (Exodus 20:8-11).

GEOCENTRIC CREATION THEORY ANALYSIS

Finally, many critics of the geocentric creation theory argue that its supporters embrace hyper-literalism and over interpretation of God’s Holy Scriptures. Atheists, agnostics, and liberal theologians often attack the Holy Scriptures with Hyper-literalism because many critics of the Sacred Scriptures fail to understand that the Holy Bible uses the visual appearance language and not the language of precise scientific description. Although the geocentric creation theory appears to be consistent with the Holy Scriptures, some biblical scholars and creation scientists reject this theory because they believe the Holy Bible and scientific observations are against its conclusions. Therefore, while this theory appears to be the most literal, concrete, and direct interpretation of the Genesis creation account, it ignores huge volumes of scientific literature supporting heliocentric explanations of the solar systems. This analysis does not mean this theory is wrong, but that the geocentric creation theory needs to be supported by more observational scientific data.

Currently no experiment, observation, or phenomenon can demonstrate that the Earth is moving. Relative motion appears to exist between the Earth and the other bodies in the universe, and that is all that any measurement can ever prove. The measurements will remain the same whether the universe turns around the Earth, or the Earth rotates and orbits around the sun. From Earth’s point of view, all motion is relative and trying to determine which is really moving without reference to an objective point of view, is pointless. Copernicus and Tycho Brahe simply chose different coordinate systems for their models, according to many creation science cosmologists.

CREATION SCIENCE SOURCES

The New King James Version (NKJV); The Alexandrian Sepuagint LXX transladed by Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton; Halley’s Bible Handbook by Henry Halley; Three Views on Creation and Evolution by J.P. Morland & J.M. Reynolds; Understanding Creation by Mark Worthon & Hill Roberts; Understanding The Bible by Kendell H. Easley; The Dead Sea Scrolls by Craig A. Evans; Christian Apologetics by Doug Powell; Theories of the Universe by Gary F. Moring; String Theory by George Musser; The New Answers Book by Ken Ham; Biblical Creationism by Henry Morris; Genesis Conflict by Walter Veith, Unformed and Unfilled by Dr. Weston Fields; Creation by Dr. Grant Jeffrey; Starlight and Time by Dr. Russell Humphreys; Panorama of Creation by Dr. Carl Baugh; The Speed of Light Articles by Barry Setterfield; The Inspired Evidence by Julie Von Vett & Brue Malone; The Genesis Conflict by Dr. Walter Veith; The DK Science Encyclopedia Edited by Susan Mckeever; The Principle Movie by Dr. Robert Sungenis, Genesis Commentary by Dr. Gerardus Bouw; Geocentrism by Malcolm Bowden, North West Creation Science Network.

 

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GLOBAL FLOOD THEORY

Dec
25

Today, many within the secular scientific community have largely dismissed the Genesis flood as Hebrew mythology or a local flood event because they believe that there is no hard evidence for a global flood during Earth’s history. However, scientific investigations in crustal physics and plate tectonics have demonstrated to researchers that a more spherical planet Earth with less high mountains could have been flooded, with the ensuing volcanic, hydraulic, and geo-physical activities altering the planet Earth’s surface, according to many global flood theorists. These scientific explanations have annihilated many Darwinian arguments against the global flood theory, but the idea of “local flood” has remained because Darwinists, evolutionists, atheists, agnostics, and liberal critics are against any evidence that supports the existence of an omniscient, omnipresent, and omnipotent God that judges sinful humanity. Therefore, bible believing creation scientists who embrace the global flood theory argue that a cataclysmic global flood destroyed primeval humanity and land animals on the planet Earth, except for the people and animals occupying a wooden vessel about 4,500 years ago, according to their study of the biblical record, creation science theories, geologic data, and Earth’s mysteries.

BIBLICAL RECORD

The Holy Scriptures teach that the flood was a global hydraulic catastrophe because of the depth and duration of the great flood. The flood waters covered the mountains to a depth of at least the draft of Noah’s Ark (Genesis 7:19-20). Today’s mountains in the Ararat region include Mount Ararat which rises to 17,000 feet in elevation. The flood lasted for a year, peaking 150 days after it started (Genesis 7:11, 8:3-4), then it began to abate. A year-long mountain-covering flood is not a local flood.

The biblical flood was global because of the physical causes for the worldwide deluge. The Bible explains that the breaking open of “all the fountains of the great deep” and the “windows of heaven” (Genesis 7:11) were the primary causes. The “deep” is the ocean; thus the “great deep” could hardly be the cause of a limited local flood. The “windows” seem to refer to the “waters above the (atmospheric) firmament” (Genesis 1:7). These were global causes, producing a global effect.

The biblical flood was worldwide because of the need for Noah to build an Ark. Noah was given many years of warning, long enough to walk anywhere on Earth. The animals also would have lived globally and so could have migrated anywhere. There was no need for an Ark if the great flood was local. The Ark’s size, big enough to carry two (or seven for some) of each land dwelling, air-breathing animal, testifies for a global flood. If Noah used 21 inches for his cubit, then the Ark was 525 feet in length, 52.5 feet height, and 87.5 feet in width.  Therefore, building such a huge ship for a local flood for which there was ample warning would be ludicrous.

The biblical flood was a global event because it involves the destruction of all humanity living outside the Ark of Noah.  The flood’s primary purpose was to destroy sinful mankind. While the Earth’s pre-flood population is not given, reasonable assumptions based on Biblical data for average family size, life spans, and age of parent at time of first-born yield a population far in excess of the maximum Mesopotamian population. The Earth was “filled with violence” (Genesis 6:11–13), and while this may have included animal violence, it certainly included human violence. An Earth filled with violence would necessitate an Earth filled with a population of roughly 10 billion people. A local flood could not destroy so vast a population of humanity. Not only were violent inhabitants under condemnation, the Earth itself was to be destroyed (Genesis 6:13). The word for “Earth” was the same word as used in the creation account (Genesis 1:1). Surely it means the planet, not just a local area.

God’s promise Noah to never flood the entire world again supports the global flood theory. At the end of the flood, God promised that there would never again be such a flood (Genesis 9:15). However, Earth’s history shows that there have been many floods, even regional floods, especially in Mesopotamia, since Noah’s day. If this was merely a local flood, then God broke His promise, and the rainbow covenant means nothing.

Messiah Yeshua’s testimony supports the global flood theory. Messiah compared the days immediately prior to His second coming to the days prior to the great flood of Noah’s days. He reminded us that “the flood came and destroyed them all” (Luke 17:27). The coming judgment will be similarly extensive. If the flood in Noah’s day was local, people living outside the area survived, even though they, too, were sinners. This gives great hope to end-time sinners. Will they be able to escape the coming fiery judgment on sin?

The Testimony of Peter supports the global flood theory. Peter wrote of the coming judgment of the entire heavens and earth (II Peter 3:3–13). He based his argument on the historical facts that the creation was of the entire earth and that the Flood overflowed the entire earth, causing it to perish. If the Flood was only local, does this imply that only a portion of the earth will “melt with fervent heat”? Furthermore, the entire creation will be fully renewed, replaced by “a new heavens and a new earth”. The local flood idea produces theological nonsense.

CREATION SCIENCE THEORIES

Global flood scientific theories support a global hydraulic catastrophic event (global flood) about 4,500 years ago. There are many worldwide traditions derived from native populations of a global flood, according to many cultural anthropologists. Early civilization appears to have originated in the region of Ararat and Babylon, according to current archaeological evidence. The genealogical records of many European kings can be traced back to Noah’s son Japheth. Population growth statistics analysis confirms that there appears to have been zero population during the time of the flood’s conclusion. This indicates the global demise of humans by a great flood.

Human paleontological evidence exists even in the earliest geologic ‘ages’ where human footprints have been found in Cambrian, Carboniferous, and Cretaceous rocks. When rock layers were laid down by a global flood, human remains and artifacts would have been preserved in these rock layers. When human remains and artifacts are discovered by evolutionary scientists working in these rock layers, the data is classified as an anomaly because it discredits their belief in Darwinism. The most ancient human artifacts date to the post-flood era. This indicates that most of the pre-flood hardware was buried beyond reach by a huge geophysical and massive hydraulic catastrophe.

Calculations by creation researchers have demonstrated that there is nearly the same amount of organic material present around the globe as there would have been if all the fossils were still alive. This indicates the termination of many life forms in a single global event. Paleontological evidence indicates that the early Planet Earth had a warm and humid climate. This is consistent with the destruction of the old atmosphere by the processes of geophysical and Hydraulic activities as described in the Genesis record. The ice age period began rapidly because this glacial era required a cataclysmic hydraulic and geophysical episode, such as a global flood to cause so rapid climatic transformation.

Evidence for the global flood is found in many geological formations such as rifts, folds, faults, thrusts, and others. These geological formations were created during a cataclysmic global event. Creation science researchers have identified that the world’s folded beds of sediment have no compression breakages, indicating that they were contorted while they were still liquid. For this activity to happen on a global scale and on sediment thousands of meters thick, it would have required a catastrophic global hydraulic event.

Rocks of different geologic ‘ages’ have similar physical features indicating that they could have been created by a single worldwide event, such as a global hydraulic event. There is an absence of physical evidence that indicates a time change between rocks of ‘successive ages’. Sedimentary rock layers worldwide appear to have been laid down very quickly, as by a global hydraulic event. Globally, there is an almost complete absence of any evidence of animal and plant root activity within the tiny layers of sediment. Slowly deposited layers should show this activity, hydraulic deposits wouldn’t. All types of rocks such as limestone, shale, granite, and others occur in all geologic ‘ages’. This indicates a common formation on a global scale – the situation that would have been created by the mixing of sediment in a global hydraulic event. Many geological processes have a recent geological date. If the long-age evolutionary time scale is ignored, these processes would have occurred in the very recent past and as a result of the hydraulic cataclysm. Recent volcanic rocks are distributed widely.

The uplift and movement of mountain ranges were recent, according to creation science chronology. If the long-age evolutionary time scale is understood to be more recent, these processes would have occurred in the very recent past and as a result of the hydraulic cataclysm. There is a lack of correlation between radiometric ‘ages’ and assumed paleontological ‘ages’. A global hydraulic event could easily create an illusion of geologic ‘ages’. The consequent conflict between dating methods confirms the illusion.

Fossil ‘graveyards’ are found worldwide, and in rocks of all ‘ages’. Only a catastrophic global hydraulic event could achieve this. The burial of fossil deposits worldwide had to have occurred in a catastrophic event. Only massive hydraulic event could bury in such a fashion. Marine fossils can be found on the crests of mountains. Apart from mountain uplifting, this can also be explained as the marine animals being washed there and then buried. A global hydraulic event could do this. There is a worldwide distribution of most of the fossil types, indicating transportation on a global scale by a global hydraulic event. Fossils from different ‘ages’ are often found mixed. This indicates a huge mixing of animal bones that is not consistent with a local flood. Worldwide, fossils from different ‘ages’ are often found in the wrong order. This indicates a global mixing of fossils as a consequence of a global hydraulic event. Supposed evolutionary fossil sequences often parallel the ecological zones occurring today. If a global hydraulic event mixed organisms from different areas, it would create the illusion of a fossil sequence over time.

Dinosaurs and many other prehistoric creatures died out suddenly. A catastrophe such as a global hydraulic event could have produced this result. Polystrate fossils, which are vertical fossil tree trunks, are found worldwide indicating turbulent or rapid deposition. A global hydraulic event would be required to do this worldwide. Polystrate fossils also form when water-logged timber sinks in a large body of water. A year of global hydraulic events could produce worldwide polystrate fossils formed in this way. Animal tracks and other ephemeral markings have been preserved throughout the geological column. Rapid covering of these markings is required for this preservation worldwide and by a global hydraulic event.

Meteorites are basically absent from the geologic column. With the large number of meteorites hitting the Planet Earth each year, they should be very plentiful throughout the sedimentary rocks – unless much of the world’s sedimentary rocks were laid down in one year. Sedimentary rocks contain fossil ripple-marks and raindrop imprints, but no hail imprints. A global hydraulic event, not caused by storms, would not leave hail imprint marks. Furthermore, some desert areas show evidence of ‘recent’ water bodies. Water from a recent global hydraulic event would remain in large pools for some time before evaporating.

There is evidence of a recent drastic rise in sea level. A global hydraulic event could easily have created this feature. Raised shorelines are found worldwide indicating a time when the world had a different sea level and more land mass. A consistent interpretation of this is that a global hydraulic event altered the levels of the oceans and seas. Mountain-high water level marks found throughout the world are consistent with the recession of a global hydraulic event. River terraces are found worldwide. There is a universal occurrence of rivers in valleys too large for the present stream. Slow erosion over millions of years could not have created these valleys as the mountains would have eroded, keeping pace with the valley erosion. The drainage of global flood waters from the land surface could easily create such wide valleys in a short period of time.

Only modern sediments show any evidence of surface drainage systems. If the majority of the world’s sedimentary rocks were laid down by a global flood there would not be any sign of drainage erosion except for the top layers eroded during the recession of the flood waters off the land. Hydrologic evidence points to the rapid deposition of sedimentary rock layers. Therefore, the thousands of meters of sediment must have been deposited by a catastrophic global flood. Hydrologic evidence points to the world’s sedimentary rocks being deposited in one continuous episode. All the layers could have been laid down by a single event, such as a global flood.

Finally, hydrologic experiments show that flowing sediment automatically settles out in distinct layers. Therefore, sedimentary rock layers can be just as easily explained as flood debris, as slow deposition. There is a worldwide occurrence of deep alluvial deposits and sedimentary rocks consistent with a huge global flood. There is a near-random deposition of formational sequences. Nowhere in the world is it possible to see the complete geologic column as a single structure. It is always found in bits and pieces, and mostly with pieces missing. Globally, a worldwide flood could create the illusion of a geologic column. The oldest organisms still alive on Planet Earth today, the Californian Redwoods, Sequoias and Bristlecone Pines, are roughly 4,500 years old. Nothing is older than the date of Noah’s flood, according to many global flood theorists.

GEOLOGIC DATA

The geologic data supports a global flood event around 4,500 years ago.  The geologic column does not represent the slow evolution of life over many ages, as the evolution model alleges, but rather the rapid destruction and burial of life in one age, in accordance with the creation model. The Earth’s crust is almost completely covered with stratified rock, laid down by volcanic or aquatic action. This is exactly what one would expect from a universal flood that covered the entire Earth. Instead of assuming that the geologic column was laid down over long periods of time, Creation scientists argue it was deposited rapidly and catastrophically. Instead of saying that the fossil record sequences demonstrate evolution, flood geologists affirm it demonstrates the burial of life in distinct ecological zones. The fossil record different life forms in different places, not unlike what we observe today.

The Paleozoic Era show the plant and animal life forms captured in the sedimentary layers when the global flood waters were rising rapidly during the first 50 days of the great flood. The Paleozoic Era was a time of great change on Earth. This era commenced with the breakup of Earth’s supercontinent called Pangaea. This era comprised the Precambrian (Bacteria, Algae, and Jellyfish), Cambrian (Invertebrate animals, Brachiopods, Trilobites), Ordovician (Bony Fishes), Silurian (land animals), Devonian (seed plants cartilage fish), Mississippian (crinoids), Pennsylvanians (Insects), and Permian (reptiles).

The Mesozoic Era shows the plant and animal life forms captured in the sedimentary layers when the global flood waters continued rising worldwide. The Mesozoic Era lasted for another 50 days, and is divided into three periods, the Triassic, the Jurassic, and the Cretaceous. All pre-flood land dwelling dinosaurs drowned during this period.  And elements of the Cenozoic era show plant and animals captured in sedimentary layers when the global flood waters completely covered the entire Earth for another 50 days. The Cenozoic Era is generally divided into three periods: the Paleogene, the Neogene, and the Quaternary. However, the era has been traditionally divided into the Tertiary and Quaternary periods. Paleogene and Neogene eras lasted for another 50 days, while the Quaternary era begins the post-flood period around 4,500 years ago.

THE EARTH’S MYSTERIES

When we recognize that Noah’s Flood was the most devastating event in the planet Earth’s history that involved crustal breakup, violent eruptions, and entire submersion of all land masses under water with the devastation and entombment of land animals and human life, we begin to understand that Noah’s Flood offers the key to understanding the planet Earth’s primeval past because the global flood event explains seven mysteries about planet Earth’s past and present. The Genesis flood explains the distribution of the planet Earth’s continents, its topography, its deserts, its forests, and its cold regions. The Genesis flood explains why there are stratified rock layers, canyons, river systems, and petrified rock. The Genesis explains why there are prehistoric life forms preserved in fossils. The Genesis flood explains where the supply of coal originated. The Genesis flood explains the causation of Ice ages in planet Earth’s history. The Genesis Flood explains the origins of human and animal distribution. Finally, the Genesis Flood explains the origination of civilizations, cultures, races and languages.

SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS

The Holy Scripture supports the global flood theory for several reasons. First, there was a need for the ark to save a remnant of humanity and animal life. If the flood were local, then all of the effort to build the ark would have been unnecessary. Noah could have just traveled to another region instead of building an ark. Second, pre-flood humanity lived on a single super-continent sometimes called Pangaea; therefore, humankind was distributed worldwide before the flood. Cain settled in the land of Nod, which could have been thousands of kilometers away from the Middle East region. Third, the great flood forecast the coming judgments describe in biblical passages of 2-Peter 3:8, Isaiah 24,  Daniel chapters 9, 10, 11, and 12, and Revelation chapters 6 to 19, 20, and 21.  The comparison made between the historical flood judgment and the coming judgments, which states that as God once destroyed the world by a flood he will likewise do it by fire.  Fourth, if the flood were local it would mean that God lied to Noah when He promised to never send another destructive flood because there have of course been many local destructive floods since caused by tsunamis, hurricanes, and rain water. Finally, many flood traditions found in the history of every ancient civilization and culture describe a global flood where everyone died and only a few people with animals survived in an ocean vessel.

RELATED SOURCES

Creation Scientists Answer Their Critics; Duane T Gish, Ph.D., 1993. Creation; Dr. Grant Jeffrey; 2003. In The Beginning: Compelling Evidence for Creation and the Flood; Dr. Walter Brown; 2008. Unveiling Mysteries of the Bible; Dr. Grant Jeffrey; 2002. Panorama of Creation; Carl E. Baugh, Ph.D.; 1992. The Collapse of Evolution; Scott M. Huse; 1995. The Great Dinosaur Mystery: Ken Ham; 2009. The Lie Evolution; Ken Ham; 2009.The New Answers Book2; Ken Ham; 2008. The Genesis Flood; Dr. John C. Whitcomb and Dr. Henry Morris; 2011. Unmasking Evolution; Laurence D Smart; 1995. Why Do Men Believe Evolution Against All Odds; Carl E. Baugh, Ph.D.; 1999.

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HELIOCENTRIC CREATION THEORY

Dec
25

The Heliocentric Creation Theory argues that the creation week’s first day began in Genesis 1:2-3 following God’s original creation of the Heavens and the Earth as described in Genesis 1:1. The planet Earth existed as a water-covered planet for and unknown time (Genesis 1:2). In other words, God first created the physical universe of galaxies, stars, planets, and moons before creating the planet Earth. God later renovated the Earth’s surface before placing life on the planet Earth around six or seven thousand years ago. This modern creation theory teaches that the Creation Week days were normal solar days. This theory says that the universe and planet Earth were created during the dateless pass, but life on planet Earth was created approximately 6,000 or 7,000 years ago. This theory argues that portions of the Holy Scriptures employ the language of visual appearance, but never the language of precise scientific description; therefore, after Genesis 1:1 and beginning in Genesis 1:2, the creation history is told from the perspective of the Earth’s surface or from a geocentric orientation.

Many biblical scholars and creation scientists embrace the Genesis Heliocentric Creation Theory because this theory appears to be consistent with biblical interpretations and modern scientific explanations about the order of creation. Their basic assumptions argue that the universe was already there with all the heavenly bodies. They believe the sun is located at the center of the solar system with planets revolving around the sun.  The Earth is rotating on its axis and revolving around the sun just as it is today. However, the land mass was submerged in water, and there was a dark envelope over the Earth’s surface environment.

This theory rejects the belief in the re-creation of the planet Earth after Genesis 1:1-2, while it teaches the renovation of the planet Earth following the Earth’s original creation in Genesis 1:1. This theory rejects antheistic Darwinism, philosophical naturalism, secular materialism, theistic evolutionism, old Earth progressive creationism, young Earth geocentric creationism. The following information offers an explanation of the heliocentric creation theory’s interpretation of the Genesis creation account.

SCIENTIFIC SUPPORT FOR HELIO-CENTRISM

Heliocentrism is supported by creation science researchers as Dr, Chuck Missler, Barry Setterfield, Dr. Robert Gentry, Dr. Danny Faultner, Dr. Russell Humphreys , and Dr. Jason Lisle. Heliocentrism is the astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the center of the Solar System. The evidence primarily used to support heliocentrism include:

  • Foucault’s pendulum demonstrates the rotation of the Earth; without such rotation there is no reason for the pendulum to rotate its plane of swing.
  • A non-rotating Earth would require the outer planets and the stars to be moving at excessive (trans-light) speeds. Measurements of relative motion between the Earth and the nearer planets indicate that the other planets are not moving fast enough for the Earth to be stationary.
  • Differences in escape velocity at the poles vs the equator wouldn’t exist on a non-rotating planet. Similarly, satellites in geostationary orbit would be motionless over a non-rotating planet, and would simply fall down.
  • The Coriolis effect would not exist on a stationary Earth.
  • Earthquakes, including those induced by placing explosives in geological fault-lines, can produce measurable changes in the Earth’s rotation. If the Earth is in fact stationary, this would mean that events on Earth can instantaneously affect the motions of stars many many light-years away.
  • The orbit of the Earth around the sun is used as a baseline for measuring distance to stars using the parallax method – if the Earth was stationary this ought not to be possible.
  • The relative frequency of shooting stars before and after midnight indicates that the Earth is both rotating and moving through space.
  • The red shift measured in stars’ spectra changes in an annual cycle; if the Earth is not circling the sun, then stars must be constantly accelerating and decelerating in the universe.

CREATION OF THE UNIVERSE

Before the creation week began, God created the universe: “In the beginning God created the Heavens and the Earth” (Genesis 1:1 NIV). This single verse describes the actual transformation of invisible energy into all of the fundamental physical forms of matter (as summarized in Albert Einstein’s famous E=MC2 equation) that would be transformed into moons, planets, stars, galaxies, and everything else – including humankind.  The next verse describes the Earth following its creation and sometime after the creation of the universe: “Now the Earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and The Spirit of God was hovering over the waters” (Genesis 1:2 NIV).

The universe as it exists was not produced by some cosmic accident. The conditions of creation were intricately planned and considered. A mindless uncontrolled “big bang” would result in destruction and chaos, not the life and order we now observe. On the other hand, a great initial expansion of physical matter that had just been transformed from pure energy, followed by orderly development (from natural laws put into force beforehand by the Creator: gravitational force, electromagnetic force, strong nuclear force, and weak nuclear force) of stars, galaxies and everything else, is reasonable, rational, and logical. Therefore, what follows, in the “seven days,” is a description of the forming of substance already created in preparation for the creation of humankind.

THE FIRST CREATION DAY

The first creation day on Earth began when God said “Let there be light” (Genesis 1:3 NIV). The sun was already shining brightly, but God made the Earth’s thick new atmosphere allow diffuse light to penetrate to the surface. And so it was that the light was made separate from darkness. The first day of Earth’s creation was literally the first “day” as someone on Earth’s surface would experience it – a period of opaque light, and a period of darkness (Genesis 1:3-5 NIV).

We learn that God’s creative power is manifested by simply speaking. His first creative word called forth light in the midst of darkness. In John 1:1-2 we learn that the “Word” (Yeshua) was in the beginning, and that the “Word” was with God and was God. John further tells us that “through him [the Word] all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made” (John 1:3 NIV). God did not just make a physical universe: “God saw all that he had made, and it was very good” (Genesis 1:31 NIV). Whatever God makes is very good indeed, because the Word through which He created all things is the very essence of goodness, beauty, and light: “In him (Yeshua) was life, and that life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness” (John 1:4 NIV), now as it did at the very beginning of creation.

THE SECOND CREATION DAY

On the second day, God separated the waters. There was no liquid water, no oceans. All of the water was in the form of a vapor, a worldwide super-fog, extending a number of kilometers up from the very hot bare-rock earth’s surface. God’s “hovering over the waters” in verse 2 describes His being above that gaseous-water atmosphere, not a liquid ocean. God then caused most of the water to condense onto the cooling earth which simultaneously formed a whole-planet ocean and cleared the sky (Genesis 1:6-8 NIV). The expanse, called “sky,” is the atmosphere, or layer of air between the water-covered Earth and the clouds above.

Today many creation scientists believe that God created a transparent crystalline water canopy surrounding the whole water covered Earth, while other biblical scholars and creation science researchers believe that the Hebrew word for firmament or expanse is an example of phenomenological language, where things are described not in scientific verifiable terminology, but merely as they appear to the common observer. If the canopy theory is correct, then this fact explains why plants and animals experience gigantism and longevity during the pre-flood generations.

THE THIRD CREATION DAY

On the third day, God formed a super-continent and a super-ocean. The further cooling of the surface set in motion a process of natural contraction, uplifting and motion of the crust. The Earth changed from a smooth water covered ball into a planet with an irregular surface with ocean basins and landmass. With dry ground available, the first plants were made to grow in great abundance (Genesis 1:9-13). Earth’s original landmass existed as a single super-continent before it became divided into seven major continents (Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America) following the worldwide flood (Genesis 10:25).  In other words, God caused the land masses to rise and this caused the waters to recede into one large ocean around it. The Earth’s crust is a shell of rock, and land masses are granite ‘blocks’ imbedded in the basaltic rocks beneath. The words “Let the waters gather to one place” indicates that God formed one super-ocean. This means that all the post-flood fragmented land masses were once joined together into a single landmass, forming a pre-flood super-continent. This was the first Earth God had created (Revelation 21:1-2). Because we are not told exactly how God made plant life, God could have supernaturally placed the seeds in the soil before commanding them grow supernaturally in an instant.

THE FOURTH CREATION DAY

On the fourth day, God allowed the sun, moon, and stars to appear. Before this day, the sun, moon, and stars were invisible. God transformed the upper atmosphere from a translucent sky into a transparent sky.    The sun, moon, and stars were to “serve as signs to mark the seasons, months, and days.” The sun measured the day (sunset to sunset), the moon measured the month (new moon to new moon), and the stars measured the seasons (Genesis 1:14-19 NIV). The appearance of the sun and the moon on the Fourth day was not a new creation. They had existed in beginning (Genesis 1:1 NIV). The words translated “made” in the 16th verse is not the same word as is translated “created” in verse one, and does not imply a “creative” act. What is meant here is that the clouds broke away and permitted the sun and moon to be seen, and from that time they were appointed to measure the days, and years, and seasons as we have them today.  If light speed has remained constant since the beginning (Genesis 1:1), then these stars were there for millions and even billions of years ago because light takes millions and even billions of years to reach the Earth from the distant stars when traveling at 300,000 (186,282 miles per second) kilometers per second. However, if light speed was faster in the past than its current speed today, then it could have reach the Earth in thousands of years.

THE FIFTH CREATION DAY

On the fifth day, God created flying creatures for the sky and marine animals for the ocean. This day’s work included the primeval fishes, amphibians, reptiles, mammals, and birds. The fossil record show that these creatures were larger in size probably because they lived longer in an environment designed for maximum genetic expression. God created many other life forms during the Fifth Day, but only the fishes and birds are mentioned. God blessed them and said, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth.” (Genesis 1:20-23 NKJV). Here is the first time we come across the word “CREATE” since we read of the original creation of the earth in verse one.

THE SIXTH CREATION DAY

On the sixth day, God created land animals and humankind. This day’s work included the creation of reptiles, mammals, flightless birds, along with sauropod and theropod dinosaurs. God reveals that each living creature on the land is created “according to their kind.” This refutes the notion that all species of animals evolved from a single, common, primeval organism. It supports the scientific evidence that living creatures have adapted over time to their environment, while there is no convincing evidence that one species of animal has evolved into another. God created humankind in His own image. God saw everything that He had made, and it was “good” (1:4, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25, 31). It is interesting to note that God declared all that he had made on the sixth day “very good” perhaps to stress the relative significance of this day in comparison to the prior days.

THE SEVENTH CREATION DAY

On the Seventh Day, God concluded His work on creation; and He RESTED, not because God was tired, but because the seventh day of the creation week was a type of the Sabbath. This appears clear from Exodus 20:11 because Moses wrote that “For in six days the Lord made heaven and Earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the SEVENTH day; wherefore the Lord blessed the SABBATH day, and hallowed it.” According to the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Septuagint version of the bible, this passage says that God CEASE from working, which indicates that God was never tired, but that God only stopped working on the seventh day.

SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS

The Heliocentric Creation Theory teaches that Genesis 1:1 describes God’s original creation of the universe through a cosmic expansion event originating from God’s Supernatural Word. The Word of God created the space-time dimension, all the matter and energy, and all the laws of nature and ultimately all heavenly bodies including the Earth, Sun, Moon and stars. According to this theory, the narrative shifts forward in time and changes from a cosmic panoramic perspective to an Earthly surface perspective in Genesis 1:2 (the Earth was void and dark).

After the creation of the universe, God caused sunlight to penetrate the darkness and illuminate the Earth’s water covered surface (Genesis 1:3) on the First Day. The development of the hydrological cycle began on the Second Day (Genesis 1:6). The formation of a super-continent, super-ocean, and vegetation were all completed on the Third Day (Genesis 1:9-11). Atmospheric transparency occurred on the Fourth Day where the heavenly bodies became visible (Genesis 1:14). The creation of marine and flying creatures occurred on the Fifth Day (Genesis 1:24). The creation of land animals and humankind happened on the Six Day (Genesis 1:24-26). And no additional creation happened on the Seventh Day (Genesis 2:2).

When we read the biblical words, ‘after its kind’ used each time a major branch of living things is created, the word ‘Species’ is sometimes appropriate. Darwinism has never demonstrated that one species (animal kind) can transform into another. All scientific observations and evidences indicate that such major transformations are genetically impossible under natural conditions.  Creation science researchers do observe minor variations within a species, and Darwinists make the false assumption that given millions of years, one species would convert to another. However, the fossil record, the thermodynamic laws, entropy, and information science have all demonstrated that biological evolution is simply impossible.  The Creation history properly ends halfway in Genesis 2:4 and not with Genesis 1:31.

Finally, the Heliocentric Creation Theory appears to embrace a more scientific creation model by avoiding the hyper-literalism of the young Earth creation model. This theory does not attempt to prove that the universe and planet Earth to be either young or old, but that the readers of Genesis understand the modern scientific creation order as revealed in the scientific method and the Genesis creation account. This creation model does not completely solve the problems in science and faith because many biblical scholars do not identify any time gap between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2. Many creation scientists and biblical scholars believe that the sun, moon, and stars were created on the fourth day rather than during the creative events of Genesis 1:1.  This issue does not prove that this theory is completely wrong because other biblical scholars argue that there exists a gap of time between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2. They believe the sun, moon, and stars were made during the creation of the universe Genesis 1:1.

Although the heliocentric creation theory presents an interpretation of Genesis chapter one that is more consistent with modern scientific observations and explanations, it does not appear to support a completely literal interpretation of the Genesis creation account. This theory requires the reader to embrace the language of visual appearance theory, which appears to be demonstrated throughout most of God’s Holy Scriptures.

RELATED SOURCES

Creation; Dr. Grant R. Jeffrey; 2003. Genesis One; Dr. Gerald Schroeder With Zola Levitt; 1998. Genesis and The Big Bang; Gerald L. Schroeder, Ph.D.;1992. Starlight and Time; D. Russell Humphreys, Ph.D.; 1990. Rethinking Genesis; Duane Garrett; 2000. The English Septuagint Version, Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton; 1851. The New King James Version; Thomas Nelson; 1982. The Signature of God; Grant R. Jeffrey; 2010. Three Views on Creation and Evolution; J.P. Morland & John Mark Reynolds; 1999. Unveiling Mysteries of the Bible; Grant. R. Jeffrey; 2002. The Genesis Account of Creation; Lee Warren, B.A., D.D.; 1997. Creation Revealed in Six Days; P.J. Wiseman; 1946. Dispensational Truth; Rev Clarence Larkin; 1920. Unformed and Unfilled; Dr. Weston Fields;2005.

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THE BIBLICAL GARDEN OF EDEN FOUND

Jul
24

“Now the Lord God had planted a garden in the east, in Eden; and there he put the man he had formed. The Lord God made all kinds of trees grow out of the ground—trees that were pleasing to the eye and good for food. In the middle of the garden were the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. A river watering the garden flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into four headwaters. The name of the first is the Pishon; it winds through the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold.  (The gold of that land is good; aromatic resin and onyx are also there.) The name of the second river is the Gihon; it winds through the entire land of Cush. The name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs along the east side of Ashur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.” (Genesis 2:8-14 NIV).

The Garden of Eden was the original home of the humankind (Genesis 2:8-17). Eden is mentioned in other Old Testament Hebrew Scriptures as a place of extreme fertility ( Isaiah 51:3; Ezekiel 28:13, 31:9; Joel 2:3), and the name continues to connote an ideal setting. For many generations, researchers have been looking for the Garden of Eden. Many believe the Garden of Eden was located somewhere in the Middle East regions. Biblical scholars have identified places such as Iran, Iraq, Syria, Israel, and Turkey.  However, the Garden of Eden was not located anywhere in the Middle East. It was destroyed during the global flood cataclysm. The weight of scientific and biblical evidence reveals the real Garden of Eden was probably located somewhere in Tanzania’s Ngoro-Ngoro crater region.

God’s Word makes it clear that the Garden of Eden was located where there were four rivers coming from one head. The rivers are called the Tigris, Euphrates, Pison, and Gihon. Before the great flood, the Earth was 25 percent smaller in size and these rivers included portions of Africa where pre-flood Tanzania was located.  The Pison and Gihon rivers flowed around this region of Africa when all the post-flood continents were connected together.

TIGRIS RIVER

The Tigris is the third river of Eden and portions of this river survived the worldwide flood of Noah’s generation.  It originates in the Taurus Mountains at Lake Hazar and flows 1,900 km southeast through Turkey and past Baghdad to unite with the Euphrates River at Al-Qurnah in southeastern Iraq; there it forms the Shatt al-Arab. With the Euphrates it defined the ancient region of Mesopotamia. Important for its irrigation capacity, it gave rise to sustained civilization. The ruins of many ancient cities lie on its banks, including those of Nineveh, Calah, Ashur, Ctesiphon, and Seleucia.  The geography of the Tigris River was different before the worldwide flood.

EUPHRATES RIVER

The Euphrates is the fourth river of Eden and portions of this river survived the worldwide flood of Noah’s generation. It is the largest river in Southwest Asia, it rises in Turkey and flows southeast across Syria and through Iraq. Formed by the confluence of the Karasu and the Murat rivers in the high Armenian plateau, the Euphrates descends between major ranges of the Taurus Mountains to the Syrian plateau. It then flows through western and central Iraq to unite with the Tigris and continues, as Shatt al-Arab, to the Persian Gulf. In all, it is 2,800 km long. Its valley was heavily irrigated in ancient times, and many great cities, some of whose ruins remain, lined its banks. With the Tigris, it defines an area known historically as Mesopotamia. The geography of the Euphrates River was different before the worldwide flood.

PISHON RIVER AND THE LAND OF HAVILAH

The name of the first river of Eden is Pishon and it was completely destroyed by sedimentary layers during the worldwide flood. This river surrounded the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; and the gold of that land is good and there is bdellium and the onyx stone. Havilah is the biblical name for the sand-dominated region to the south covering what we call Arabia and portions of African. Before the great flood, this region was decorated with thick vegetation.  The Table of Nations (Genesis 10:7) lists Havilah as a son of Cush or Ethiopia, showing Havilah’s African location (Genesis 10:7 NKJV).  Before the great flood (Genesis 7) followed by the breakup of Pangaea (Genesis 10:25), Havilah was probably located somewhere in Africa. A few biblical scholars believe that Havilah was located in the region of Tanzania’s Ngoro Ngoro Valley.  The earliest human remains are found in the regions of Kenya and Tanzania. Genetic studies on human populations show that Mitochondrial Eve originated in Africa. It appears that pre-flood human populations occupied the regions of Central East Africa before spreading out all over Pangaea.

After the great-flood, post-flood populations occupied the areas of Mesopotamian and Central East Africa before migrating to the north, south, east, and west regions worldwide. Post-flood, human populations began to take on the appearance of their environment because of natural selection and genetic mutations, which is simply adaption to their climatic locations. However, many post-flood African populations probably retained most of the physical appearance of their pre-flood ancestors. Pre-flood human populations probably had reddish-brown or a medium-brown skin color because the name Adam is associated with the color red and the soil in portions of Tanzania has a reddish brown color.

GIHON RIVER

The Gihon is the second river of Eden and it was completely destroyed by sedimentary layers during the worldwide flood.  The Gihon is described as “encircling the entire land of Cush”, a name associated with Ethiopia and portions of Africa. This is one of the reasons why some Ethiopians have long identified the Gihon with the Abay River, which encircles the former kingdom of Gojjam. From a current geographic standpoint this would seem impossible, since two of the other rivers said to issue out of Eden, the Tigris and the Euphrates, are in Mesopotamia. However, when we consider the fact that the Earth has expanded in physical size causing the breakup of Pangaea, we realize that the Earth’s geography has changed since the Genesis creation account. The Gihon River probably encircled parts of present day Ethiopia, Kenya, and Tanzania when these regions were part of Pangea.

TANZANIA

Today Tanzania is mostly on the African mainland but also includes the islands of Zanzibar, Pemba, and Mafia in the Indian Ocean. Its population is over 40,000,000. There are more than 120 identifiable ethnic groups; the largest, the Sukuma, are about one-tenth of the population. Although most of Tanzania consists of plains and plateaus, it has some spectacular relief features, including Kilimanjaro and Ol Doinyo Lengai, an active volcano. All or portions of Lakes Nyasa, Tanganyika, Victoria, and Rukwa lie within Tanzania, as do the headwaters of the Nile, Congo, and Zambezi rivers. Serengeti National Park is the most famous of its extensive game reserves. Important mineral deposits include gold, diamonds, gemstones, coal, and natural gas.

OLDUVAI GORGE

Olduvai Gorge is found in Tanzania and it is one of the most important paleo-anthropological sites in the world and has been instrumental in furthering the understanding of early human origins. This site was first occupied by pre-flood populations and later reoccupied by post-flood human populations commonly referred to as Homo-Erectus. The first pre-flood human populations are believed to have occupied the site shortly after creation (Genesis 1 and 2), according to a few creation science researchers. Olduvai Gorge is a steep-sided ravine in the Great Rift Valley that stretches through eastern Africa. It is located in the eastern Serengeti Plains in Arusha Region of Tanzania and it is about 48 km long. It is located 45 km from the Laetoli archaeological site.

This site is significant in showing increased developmental and social complexities in early human populations. Evidence of this is shown in the production and use of stone tools, which indicates the advance cognitive capacities. Evidence also indicates the practices of hunting. Furthermore, the collection of tools and animal remains in a central area is evidence of complex social interaction and communal activity.

NGORONGORO CRATER

The Ngorongoro Crater is the largest intact caldera in the world. It is located 31.5 kilometers from the Olduvia Gorge site. This crater was probably where the Garden of Eden was located, which is the first home of humankind. Today it supports a variety of habitats within the crater walls. Ngorongoro Crater is one of the few places you can see large animals and it supports a strong birdlife. It also has one of the largest Lion populations because of the permanent availability of food within the Ngorongoro Crater. The Ngorongoro Crater rim provides some breathtaking views. The first human ancestor of all humanity, Adam and Eve,  probably walked on the pre-flood ground in the Ngorongoro Crater.

ADAM AND EVE

The biblical account of the creation of human beings occurs twice: in Genesis 1:26-27 and in Genesis 2:18-24. Genesis chapter one reveals a general overview of creation, while Genesis chapter two reveals the details about human origins on Day Six. In the first account, the Hebrew common noun for Adam is used as a generic term for all humanity, regardless of gender. In the second account, Adam is created from the dust of the Earth, whereas Eve is created from Adam’s rib and given to him by God to be his wife.

While creation science researchers don’t know much about Adam and Eve’s physical appearance, the weight of biblical and scientific evidence suggest that they were of medium height and either of medium brown or reddish-brown skin complexion.  Adam and Eve had one color, which is melanin. In humans, melanin help protect the skin against the damaging effects of ultraviolet radiation. The amount in the skin depends on both genetic and environmental factors.

After the great flood, human populations migrating away from Turkey first went down into portions of North, Central, and East Africa before migrating north east to Mesopotamia to build the Tower of Babylon. When human populations began migrating from Africa and Mesopotamia, they began to take on the physical appearance of their environment because of natural, social selection, and genetic mutations. People with dark-brown and medium-brown skin color occupied areas on Earth where there was plenty of sunlight and warm temperatures. Populations with light color skin complexion occupied areas on Earth where there was little sunshine and cold temperatures.

GARDEN OF EDEN SUMMARY

The Garden of Eden’s location is found in Genesis 2:10-14, “A river watering the garden flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into four headwaters. The name of the first is the Pishon; it winds through the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold. The name of the second river is the Gihon; it winds through the entire land of Cush. The name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs along the east side of Asshur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.” The exact location of the Pishon and Gihon Rivers are unknown, but the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers are well known. If the Tigris and Euphrates mentioned are the same rivers by those names today, that would put portions of the Garden of Eden somewhere in the Middle East, likely in Iraq and Iran, and other portions of the Garden of Eden in Africa. However, the Flood of Noah’s day changed the course of the rivers. The Deluge completely changed the topography of the earth. Because of this catastrophic hydraulic event, the original locations for the Pishon, Gihon, Tigris and Euphrates rivers are uncertain.
The Garden of Eden was a gigantic region that was located somewhere in parts of Africa and the Middle East when all the continents were connected together for 10 generations before the worldwide flood. Africa was part of Pangaea before the global flood. The Pison and Gihon rivers encircled portions of Ethiopia and Tanzania before they were destroyed by the worldwide deluge. During the time of Peleg, Pangaea separated in the major continent we observe today. There are a maximum of six continents – Africa, Antarctica, Eurasia, Australia, North America, and South America. Many geographers and scientists now refer to six continents, where Europe and Asia are combined because they are part of one solid landmass.
The expanding Earth theory, the division of Pangaea, the human remains in Olduvai Gorge site, and human genetic research reveals that the possible location for the Garden of Eden was in Tanzania Africa. Some of the most ancient human remains are found in the area of Tanazania, Ethiopia, and Kenya. For a few researchers, the Bible and science appears to confirm the location of the Garden of Eden in Africa, but we must understand their information is primarily based on hypothesis, theory, and conjecture, and not purely on observational science. People have searched for the Garden of Eden for centuries to no avail. There are various spots claimed as the original location of Eden, but no one can be sure.According to many creation scientists, the Garden of Eden was completely destroyed during the global flood and its location became lost to the post-flood generations of humankind. Only two of the pre-flood rivers survived the great flood, which are the Tigris and Euphrates.

CREATION SCIENCE SOURCES

The Garden of Eden DVD; Stan Deyo; 2014;  The Cosmic Conspiracy; Stan Deyo; 2010; Creation; Dr. Grant R. Jeffrey; 2003.Genesis One; Dr. Gerald Schroeder With Zola Levitt; 1998.Genesis and The Big Bang; Gerald L. Schroeder, Ph.D.;1992.Inspired Evidence; Bruce Malone;2011.Starlight and Time; D. Russell Humphreys, Ph.D.; 1990.Rethinking Genesis; Duane Garrett; 2000.The English Septuagint Version, Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton; 1851.The Genesis Conflict; Dr. Walter Veith; 2002.The New Answers Book1; Ken Ham; 2006.The New Answers Book2; Ken Ham; 2008.The New Answers Book3; Ken Ham; 2010.The New Answers Book4; Ken Ham; 2014.The New King James Version; Thomas Nelson; 1982.The Speed of Light Commentary; Barry Setterfield; 1998.The Signature of God; Grant R. Jeffrey; 2010.Three Views on Creation and Evolution; J.P. Morland & John Mark Reynolds; 1999.Unveiling Mysteries of the Bible; Grant. R. Jeffrey; 2002; Halley’s Bible Handbook; Henry H, Halley; 1965.

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GENETIC MUTATIONS CHALLENGE DARWIN’S EVOLUTION THEORY

Jun
15

The death of Darwin’s evolution theory continues due to the evidence found in genome deterioration, sickle cell anemia mortality, beneficial mutations elusiveness, disease proliferation, and recent genetic mutations.

 
Analysis of DNA/RNA mutations reveals that these genetic transformations cannot offer meaningful new information in significant quantities. Rather, these mutations will generate information degradation in the genome. This scientific observation is against the neo-Darwinian origins predictions and evolution model. The genome degradation is neutralized by natural selection that assists in maintaining the animal population’s status quo.

 

Degradation results for many reasons, two of which are reviewed here. First, there is a tendency for mutations to produce a highly disproportionate number of certain nucleotide bases such as thymine and second many mutations occur in only a relatively few places within the “hot spots genes” and rarely occur in others, such as “cold spots genes.” An exhaustive examination of science literature fails to reveal a single clear example of any beneficial information-gaining mutation. On the other hand, many deleterious mutations exist, supporting the hypothesis that very few mutations are beneficial. These findings support the intelligent design theory and creation model, according to Dr. Jerry Bergman.

 
Beneficial mutations are extremely rare. The few mutations that are considered “beneficial” always involve the loss of genetic information and they generally result in the deterioration of the animal’s health. For example, while sickle-cell anemia is considered a beneficial mutation because it protects many Africans against malaria, sickle-cell anemia is simply a very unhealthy disease, according to the National Heart Lung Blood Institute and the New England Journal of Medicine.

 
Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disorder where the red blood cells have a sickle-like shape rather than the round donut shape of a healthy red blood cell. While this deformity prevents the body from carrying malaria, protecting people in high-malaria areas from dying from the disease, the sickle cell anemia is itself dangerous because sickle cell blood cells transport less oxygen than normal cells. These misshapen cells tend to clump up and get stuck in blood vessels, contributing to organ damage and infection, according to the National Heart Lung Blood Institute. Sickle-shaped cells often die within 10 to 20 days, while healthy red blood cells live on for 120 days before dying. The life expectancy for many suffering with sickle-cell anemia is less than 45 years, according to the New England Journal of Medicine. If sickle cell anemia is the best beneficial mutation out there, our hopes for evolving through mutations are empty and doomed to disappointment. The fact is, examples of truly beneficial mutations are massively lacking.

 
Geneticists Thomas Morgan and Herman Muller conducted a prolonged study of fruit flies (drosophila) looking for traces of evolution. But generation after generation, the uncooperative flies refused to evolve. Eventually they solved the problem, or at least they thought they had. They subjected a pure strain of fruit flies to chemical and radiation treatments. The result was mutilated flies. Flies developed yellow, brown, or purple eyes; or bulging, flat, or dented eyes. Some flies had no eyes. However, despite all the mutated flies that resulted from the experiment no new genetic information evolved and no beneficial mutations occurred and the flies always remained flies. The most important lesson to learn from the fruit fly experiment is the remarkable stability of this species, according to Dr. Jason Richard Boon.

 
Researchers on the 2000 Human Genome Project used genetic data from 179 individuals and found that all had between 40 and 110 potentially disease-causing mutations in their DNA. The individuals had 281-515 actual substitutions each, but the trouble only really started when both parents had passed on a mutation in the same gene. The researchers, estimated, “approximately 400 damaging variants and roughly 2 bona fide disease mutations per individual,” according to the American Journal of Human Genetics.

 
Damaging mutation do not always shows up immediately. Mutations sometimes increase a person’s chances for heart disease. Another might simply weaken the kidneys or slow the production of insulin. The body is also good at covering for an improperly functioning gene, using backup systems or compensating in some way when a gene is not doing its job right. However, when everything fails, mutations tend to cause disease, according to the American Journal of Human Genetics.

 
Science researchers have been working to develop a complete Human Gene Mutation Database with the more dangerous genetic defects, giving doctors a tool in diagnosing inherited diseases. It is distinctly noticeable that while some mutations are not as destructive as others, the researchers are not developing a database of all the improvements made by random changes in the genetic code, according to American Journal of Human Genetics.

 
Many human genetic mutations in human DNA are only 5,000 to 10,000 years old, according to a study by the Exome Sequencing Project at the National Institutes of Health. Nucleotides are biological molecules that form the building blocks of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) and serve to carry packets of energy within the cell (ATP), according to the journal Nature reports. Many of the remaining mutations of this nature may have no effect on people, and a few might be beneficial, according to project researchers. While each specific mutation is rare, the findings suggest that the human population acquired an abundance of these single-nucleotide genetic variants in a relatively short time, according to the Exome Sequencing Project at the National Institutes of Health.

 
ANALYSIS

 
Genetic mutations show that macro-evolution cannot and never did happen during life’s history on planet Earth. For evolution to work on a grand scale, where nature transforms a family of animals into a new family of animals, beneficial mutations must appear to add new information to the genetic code. Without mutations, there cannot be any major evolutionary steps. While the weight of scientific evidence demonstrates clearly that the genetic information already existing within a species can contribute variation within animal populations due to natural selection, this process always strains out information and it never adds new genetic information, or previously non-existent coding to the genome. However, while many Darwinists claim that rare, beneficial mutations do exist, the math shows that random mutations result in the net removal of functional programming from the genetic code rather than adding new information to it.

 
Beneficial mutations are extremely rare. The few mutations that are considered “beneficial” always involve the loss of genetic information and they generally result in the deterioration of the animal’s health. We learn in biology class that our genetic code is made up of DNA, the long strands of the nucleotide bases Adenine, Guanine, Thymine, and Cytocine, which are A, G, T, and C for short. These four bases provide the digital code for our system, resembling the way 0s and 1s make up binary code for computers. Within the cell, during the process of translation, these nucleotides are read in groups of three, referred to as codons. Every codon is similar to a small transport vehicle of three letters that code for an amino acid, which go on to make up proteins.

 
Finally, if neo-Darwinian evolutionary model of origins were history, we should expect to discover a number of beneficial mutations that were the result of added genetic information. However, the weight of scientific evidence demonstrates clearly that we all inherited a damaged, deteriorating version of a once perfectly designed and fully functioning genetic code.

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EXPANDING EARTH THEORY

May
03

Today some creation science researchers believe the planet Earth has expanded in physical size by 25 percent because of the global flood during  Noah’s generation  (Genesis 7: 1-24) and the division of the Earth during age of Peleg (Genesis 10:25). They believe the Earth began expanding rapidly  during the worldwide flood of Noah’s generation and the expansion continued during the division of Pangea of Peleg’s generation before slowing down to the gradual expansion rate existing today. The scientific evidence supporting this theory includes continental draft theory, the ocean floors, and reduced gravity.

CONTINENTAL DRIFT THEORY

We first discover evidence for the expanding Earth with the first complete theory of continental drift proposed in 1912 by Alfred Wegener. Wegener postulated that a single supercontinent, which he called Pangea, fragmented late in the Triassic Period and that the parts began to move away from one another. He pointed to the similarity of rock strata in the Americas and Africa as evidence to support his hypothesis. Wegener’s ideas received support from the concepts of seafloor spreading and plate tectonics beginning in the 1960s. The modern theory states that the Americas were joined with Europe and Africa in the past, when they split apart along what is now the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Subsequent tectonic plate movements took the continents to their present positions. Today, many creation science researchers believe this cataclysmic geophysical separation occurred during the days of Noah and again in Peleg’s generation.

THE OCEAN FLOORS

We next discover evidence for the Expanding Earth theory when we review pictures of the Earth’s ocean floor.  Before the great flood, there was no deep ocean floor, but only a shallow ocean and most of the Earth’s waters in subterranean chambers. The deep ocean floors in the world do not date back past the global flood which caused the death of all pre-flood animal populations. There are no deep ocean floors today that can be dated back before the global flood. The ocean floors around the world and the edge of the continents date back to  the  worldwide flood, which occurred thousands of years past,  and when you get to the mid ocean ridges they are just now forming.

REDUCED GRAVITY

Today, there are scores of scientist now that have begun to look at the reduced gravity theory to explain the size of prehistoric creatures. Reduced gravity theory ties in with the expanding earth theory quite well. If the Earth was roughly 25 percent smaller in size at one time, then it stands to reason that with less mass, there also would be less gravity.

Life is limited by today’s gravity and there is an upper limit to all land animals and even sea animals because of the weight on the body. However, if there was reduced gravity the upper scale could be increased. If the planet Earth was 25 percent smaller, then the gravity of the planet would have been 25 percent reduced than what it is now, and many pre-flood life forms would have grown to enormous and gigantic sizes. The Reduced Gravity Theory has the pre-flood and early post-flood Earth with 25 percent less gravity when huge animals and insects were able to exist. It was only after the expansion of the planet Earth during the days of Peleg when Earth’s gravity increased causing physical limitations on the size of animal populations, which made all life forms smaller in size.  This fact contributed to the extinction of dinosaurs.

Finally, the scale or size of life is determined by the gravity of the planet Earth. A larger planet Earth means larger gravity and smaller life forms. A smaller planet Earth means smaller gravity and larger life forms. Today, the scale is refined down to elephants and whales, then buffalos and loins, humans and primates, and dogs and cats.  When we take the average scale of life today, and make a comparison to the average scale of life in the day of the dinosaurs, the difference in scale becomes quite apparent. Some dinosaurs were three to four times the mass of the elephants living today. Therefore, the weight of scientific evidence demonstrates that the continental drift, the ocean floor, and reduced gravity confirm the history of the expanding Earth.

RELATED SOURCES

Making Sense of the Six Days by Dr. T.V. Oomen; The New King James Version (NKJV); The Alexandrian Sepuagint LXX transladed by Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton; Halley’s Bible Handbook by Henry Halley; Three Views on Creation and Evolution by J.P. Morland & J.M. Reynolds; Creation; Dr. Grant R. Jeffrey; 2003. Genesis One; Dr. Gerald Schroeder With Zola Levitt; 1998. Genesis and The Big Bang; Gerald L. Schroeder, Ph.D.;1992. Starlight and Time; D. Russell Humphreys, Ph.D.; 1990. Rethinking Genesis; Duane Garrett; 2000. The English Septuagint Version, Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton; 1851. The New King James Version; Thomas Nelson; 1982. The Signature of God; Grant R. Jeffrey; 2010. Three Views on Creation and Evolution; J.P. Morland & John Mark Reynolds; 1999. Unveiling Mysteries of the Bible; Grant. R. Jeffrey; 2002. The Genesis Account of Creation; Lee Warren, B.A., D.D.; 1997. Creation Revealed in Six Days; P.J. Wiseman; 1946. Dispensational Truth; Rev Clarence Larkin; 1920. Unformed and Unfilled; Dr. Weston Fields; 2005.

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THE GENESIS CREATION WEEK MILLENNIAL DAY THEORY

Dec
27

The millennial day theory teaches that each of the seven creation days recorded in Genesis chapters one and two represents approximately one thousand years of human prophetic history on this Earth, then after the seventh day the final Judgment will come. The final judgment for unbelievers is mentioned in Revelation 20:11-15. We must understand that these days are approximately 1,000 years long and not exactly 1,000 years in duration. In other words, the Genesis creation week portends seven long periods of human history in which each period could be a few decades longer or shorter than 1000 years.  According to some eschatology experts, roughly six thousand years of history have already occurred since the creation of Adam.  The seventh millennium has begun in 21st century after the 20th century was beset with two world wars, widespread famine and disease, an increase in earthquake activity, and the revival of Israel in 1948. These events continue during the dawning of the seventh millennium or twenty-first century AD.

EARLY CHRISTIAN WRITERS

Today scholars debate and try to explain away the creation week. However, biblical chronology describes approximately 6,000 years from Adam and Eve to the year A.D. 2000. This means the six creation days of Genesis were prophetic because they forecast six long periods for human history where each day equaled approximately 1,000 years, followed by the seventh, or Sabbath, Millennium. According to 2 Peter 3:8 and Psalm 90:4, one day with God is like 1000 years. God did not require seven days to complete creation. He could have done it in one day or less. The seven days were obviously prophetic a picture showing God’s planned 6,000-year history for humanity.

Early Christian writers held that at the end of 6,000 years of history, Messiah would return and reign for 1,000 years (commonly referred to as the Millennium). These included Barnabas and Irenaeus and many other Christian writers. For example, Barnabas wrote: “As there had been 2,000 years from Adam to Abraham, and 2,000 from Abraham to Christ; therefore, there will be 2,000 years for the Christian era and then would come the Millennium.”

Church father Irenaeus wrote concerning a belief of the early church: “For the day of the Lord is as a thousand years; and in six days created things were completed; it is evident, therefore, that they will come to an end at the sixth thousand years.” Lactantius, tutor of the son of the Roman Emperor Constantine, stated in his Book of Divine Institutes, Chapter 14: “Let the philosophers know that the six thousandth year is not yet completed; and when this number is completed, the consummation must take place.” Therefore, if early Jewish and Christian theologians are correct in their prophetic interpretation of the Genesis creation week, we should be able to point out a prophetic parallel with each millennium of human history reflecting the Genesis creation week.

JEWISH TEACHERS

The Vilna Gaon (1720 – 1797 AD) also known as the Genius of Vilnius of Lithuania. Legend says he memorized the Old Testament Scriptures (Tanach) by age of three. He believed that each creation day in Genesis Chapter One represents one thousand years of human prophetic history, and all the details which occurred on these creation days preview corresponding future events.

CREATION DAY ONE

“And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep, And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. “And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. “And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness. “And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day” (NKJV: Genesis 1:2-5).

On creation day one, darkness is separated from light. This creation event foretells Adam’s separation from God who is light (1-JOHN 1:5) at the beginning of the first thousand years (first Millennium). The first creation day also presage the proliferation of GOOD and EVIL during the first millennium of human history. When God said, “Let there be light,” He divided the light from the darkness. He called the light GOOD, implying that darkness sometimes symbolize EVIL. Light is a natural symbol for what is pleasant, good, or uplifting. Light is closely linked with God; in fact, God is described as light: “No longer will you need the sun or moon to give you light, for the LORD your God will be your everlasting light, and he will be your glory. The sun will never set; the moon will not go down. For the LORD will be your everlasting light” (Isaiah 60:19-20). The psalmist wrote, “The LORD is my light and my salvation” (Psalm 27:1). God is said to be robed with light (Psalm 104:2), and that light dwells with him (Daniel 2:22). Darkness is no problem to God. Darkness and light are alike to him (Psalm 139:12). Micah saw God both as light and also as the force that brings people into the light (Micah 7:8-9). Both are ways of affirming that there is blessing and victory with God, so that a servant of God need never be dismayed.

Darkness on other hand sometime represents evil in the Scriptures. Darkness is mentioned in the story of the plagues God inflicted on Egypt; the ninth plague was an intense darkness that could be “felt” (Exodus 10:21-23). That darkness lasted three days; wherever Egyptians were, it was dark, but where the Israelites were, there was light. When the Israelites left Egypt, a cloud followed, separating them from their enemy, giving light to the Israelites but making darkness for the Egyptians (14:20). The Bible also tells us that thieves or adulterers are likely to do their evil deeds in the dark or at night (Job 24:16-17). However, several biblical passages speak of a darkness surrounding God. God spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai in a dense, black cloud (Exodus 20:21; Deuteronomy 4:11) or from the darkness (5:23). Darkness is pictured as a shelter or cloak around God (2 Samuel 22:12; Psalms 18:11; 97:2). God sets a boundary for light and darkness (Job 26:10), brings darkness (Psalms 104:20, 105:28), and creates light and darkness (Isaiah 45:7). God dwells in thick darkness (1 Kings 8:12; 2 Chronicles 6:1), and thick darkness is under his feet (2 Samuel 22:10; Psalm 18:9).

Therefore, God, who knows the future, could make the first day of Creation to represent the first millennium of human history. “Let there be light and it was good.” Likewise, during the beginning of the first millennium, God put man in the Garden of Eden, and gave him a choice between the TREE OF LIFE and the TREE OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOOD AND EVIL. During the course of the first millennium, mankind grappled with the spread of good and evil. Because the first millennium was established with the creation of Adam, he and his immediate descendants were the first millennium men to choose between forces of good and evil.

CREATION DAY TWO

“And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. “And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. “And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day” (NKJV: Genesis 1:6-8).

The second creation day predicts the worldwide FLOOD of Noah’s violent generation during the second millennium of human history. The global flood caused worldwide destruction on planet Earth. When God divide the waters and made the firmament during the second day, He did not say that this formation of waters were good because He knew that someday in the future the waters above and the waters below would destroy pre-flood humanity. The firmament came as judgment upon an unbelieving human race. It is evident that the great Flood of Noah’s day was predicted by the events of second creation day. Noah was roughly 600 years old when the Flood came. Because the great Flood happened roughly 1,656 years after Adam, then Noah was probably born around 1056 years after the creation of Adam, he probably was born 126 years after Adam’s death. Therefore, Noah becomes the second millennium man after creation.

CREATION DAY THREE

“And God said, Let the water under the heaven be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so. “And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good. “And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so. “And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good. “And the evening and the morning were the third day” (NKJV: Genesis 1:9-13).

On creation day three, dry land appears. This day previews Joshua leading Israel into the Promise land (eretz Yisrael) in the third millennium of human history.  The third creation day also forecasts the rebirth of plant life, human civilization, and call of Abraham during the third millennium of human history. He caused the land to be fruitful and multiply. When God caused the waters of the great flood to decrease and gave the command to “be fruitful and multiply and replenish the earth,” His actions reflect the third day of Creation when the Earth brought forth vegetation following the creation of dry land. During the third millennium, the Earth again produced vegetation to replace that, which was destroyed by the Flood. Furthermore, at the beginning of the third millennium, God called Abraham, born roughly 2,008 years after Adam, to produce a chosen People who would love and serve God, and produce the Messiah Yeshua. Abraham was the third millennium man, after whom the millennium was established. He made a covenant, which sets up an organized system of religion and a way by which the human race can be spiritually fruitful. We can see it at Sinai when God established the Mosaic covenant with the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

CREATION DAY FOUR

“And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: “And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. “And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. “And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, “And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good. “And the evening and the morning were the fourth day” (NKJV: Genesis 1:14-19).

The fourth creation day foretells the Kingdom of David, Messiah Yeshua’s birth,  and the origins of Christianity during the fourth millennium of human history. On that day God created lights in the firmament of the heaven. He created stars and set them in the heavens for signs. This is a prophetic overview of those days that began with the kingdom of David. Born around the turn of the fourth millennium, David becomes the fourth millennium man, after whom the millennium was established. In the years that followed, most of the Old Testament Hebrew Scriptures were written. Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Micah, Joel, Amos, Zechariah, and others were surely lights set in the firmament of human history to give us prophetic signs.

The fourth millennium concluded with the introduction of another great light. When the fullness of time was come, thus ending the fourth millennium, God sent His Son, “made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law” (Galatians 4:4,5). Yeshua said, “I am the light of the world” (John 8:12). The sun is a type of Messiah Yeshua. But then Yeshua turned to His disciples, who represented New Testament Christianity, and said, “Ye are the light of the world” (Matthew 5:14). Just as the moon reflects the light of the sun, New Testament Christianity should reflect the glory of our Lord and Savior, Messiah Yeshua.

CREATION DAY FIVE

“And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the Earth in the open firmament of heaven. “And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good. “And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth. “And the evening and the morning were the fifth day” (NKJV: Genesis 1:20-23).

On the fifth creation day, God made the birds. In the Holy Scriptures, birds are sometimes portrayed as evil demons, but at other times a bird represents God the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove. This creation day previews the corruption of the Church in the fifth millennium.   The fifth creation day also presage the move of the Holy Spirit during the fifth millennium of human history. The water appears to be a type of the Holy Spirit and the term, “bring forth abundantly,” seems to be a picture of the great commission. On this fifth day God called forth the fish.  Messiah Yeshua was born at the beginning of the fifth millennium, making Him the fifth special person born around the turn of the millennium, and after whom the millennium was established. After Yeshua, there are no more millennium men. No one can compare to Him. The fifth day of Creation represents the pouring out of the Holy Spirit (typified by water) and the development of Christianity, as the early church be-came “fishers of men.” We may recall, Yeshua told His disciples that He would make them to be “fishers of men.” And the insignia of the early church was a fish. The phrase, “be fruitful and multiply” is a prophetic picture of our responsibility as New Testament Christians. We are to take the message of the Gospel to every creature.

CREATION DAY SIX

 “And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so. “And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and everything that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good. “And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. “So God created man in his own image, in the im-age of God created he him; male and female created he them. “And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply … “And God saw everything that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day” (NKJV: Genesis 1:24-31).

The six creation day portends the RAPTURE event and believers transformation into GOD’S IMAGE during the the sixth millennium of human history. Because this day is a picture of the rapture of Messiah’s Church and the IMAGE OF GOD, it reflects the sixth day when God made man in His own image. In like manner, many believers in Yeshua are looking for the resurrection and rapture around the end of the sixth millennium, to be made again like unto His image. The fall of Adam may be a prophetic type of the battle of Armageddon when an unbelieving human race will be judged of God. After the fall, God predicted that Eve would travail in childbirth. In like manner, the sixth millennium concluded with a series of the prophetic “birth-pangs of travail.” These birth pangs, however, will bring forth a new humanity recreated in the image of God. The Apostle Paul wrote: “This corruptible must put on incorruption and this mortal must put on immortality” (I Corinthians 15:53). That is what the rapture and the resurrection is all about.

CREATION DAY SEVEN

“Thus the heavens and the earth, and all the host of them, were finished.  And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.  Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.” (NKJV: Genesis 2:1-3).

When God ended His work and rested, He gave us a prophetic view of the great Sabbath rest — the seventh millennium of human history. Because of God’s own emphasis on the SABBATH, literally, spiritually, and prophetically, and since a thousand years to the Lord is as a day (Psalm 90:4; 2 Peter 3:8), ancient and modern scholars see the seventh millennium as the Sabbath Millennium, with many prophetic implications; namely, the return of the Lord and His 1,000-year reign on the earth. God’s labor of creation took six days, followed by a day of rest. His SABBATH commandment to Israel was “to keep it holy.” His creative work with humanity, and humanity’s labor, likewise probably comprises six (thousand-year) days, with the seventh being one of divinely provided rest and holiness, with God present and exalted on the earth.

From the very dawning of human history, one can follow God’s plan of the ages through the Genesis account of the Creation week. This must be what is meant in Isaiah 46: “Remember the former things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me, “Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure” (Isaiah. 46:9-10). God did not wait until the days of Yeshua, or David, or Moses, or even Noah to present His plan, He laid it out from the very beginning. God declared the end from the beginning.

CREATION WEEK PROPHETIC SUMMARY

Skeptics argue that since A.D. 2000 has come and gone, then this fact proves the six day millennial theory is wrong. However,  the prophetic millennial days  in the Holy Scriptures represent approximate time frames and not exact time frames. Some of the days representing each millennium were a few years or decades longer, while other days were a few years or decades shorter. While the Sacred Scriptures are very precise when using the prophetic calendar (360 days for one year) for dealing with the nation of Israel and Messiah Yeshua’s First Coming, the Holy Bible appears to employ a general time-frame for the six day millennial history for mankind and for Messiah Yeshua’s  Second Coming to Earth. The ancient Hebrew’s count time differently than people living today because the number 1,000 was sometimes used as the largest number prophetic writers could think of.  This means that each day of creation represents an approximate time frame of 1,000 years of human history rather than an exact period of 1,000 years.

Based on all the above, it can be concluded that sometime soon after the beginning of the 21st Century, we will see the Second Coming of our Lord and Savior Messiah Yeshua following the global worldwide upheavals. He will first come for His Church at the rapture before revealing himself to the world at Armageddon. The brilliant Sir Isaac Newton, believe the Scriptures contain clues related to the season of Messiah Yeshua’s return.  There is evidence that the Bible reveals the approximate number for years of “the times of the Gentiles” and the exact span of time for Israel’s rebirth in 1948 and the recapture of Jerusalem in 1967. Therefore, leaving believers completely clueless about the season of His return would violate God’s own established pattern as revealed in His Word.  We are not left clueless. There are many signs. Let us remain watchful and ready, and be found doing the work Messiah Yeshua wants us to do. The 21st Century will likely be the Messianic century, which begins the Sabbath Rest for humanity during the millennial era of Messiah Yeshua.

PRIMARY SOURCES

Millennial Day Concept by J.R. Church. Dictionary of Bible Prophecy by Ron Rhodes; The Last Days by Richard H. Perry; the Complete Guide to Bible Prophecy by Stephen Miller; Learn The Bible in 24 Hours by Dr. Chuck Missiler; and The Book of Revelations by Larry R. Helyer, PhD.; The Next World War by Dr. Grant Jeffrey; The Prince of Darkness by Grant Jeffrey;  Isralestine by Bill Salus; Revelation Road by Bill Salus; Unleashing the Beast by Perry Stone. God’s War on Terror by Walid Shoebat, 7000 Years Prophetic History by Steve Cioccolanti.

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SECULAR SCIENTISTS WHO REJECT DARWINISM

Nov
22

For many years, Darwinism has been portrayed as a proven fact of science within the liberal news media, the academic community, and the secular scientific community. Uninformed people will incorrectly assume that persons who reject Darwinism are uneducated, anti-science, and completely irrational. However, today more critics of Darwinism can be found among scientists who reject supernatural creation. There are many publications by such scientists questioning and outright debunking the major principles of evolution.  This narrative highlights the comments by secular scientists who are skeptical of Darwinism.

DR. DAVID BERLINSKI

According to Dr. David Berlinski, the structures of life are complex, and complex structures get made in this, the purely human world, only by a process of deliberate design. An act of intelligence is required to bring even a thimble into being; why should the artifacts of life be different? For many years, biologists have succeeded in keeping skepticism on the circumference of evolutionary thought. However, the burning fringe of criticism is now contracting, coming ever closer to the heart of Darwin’s doctrine” (“The Deniable Darwin,” Commentary magazine, June, 1996). Dr. David Berlinski is an agnostic with a Ph.D. in philosophy from Princeton and has done post-doctoral work in mathematics and biology at Columbia University. He has taught philosophy, mathematics, and English at Stanford, Rutgers, and the University of Paris.

DR. MICHAEL DENTON

According to Dr. Michael Denton, my fundamental problem with the theory of evolution is that there are so many highly complicated organs, systems and structures, from the nature of the lung of a bird, to the eye of the rock lobster, for which I cannot conceive of how these things have come about in terms of a gradual accumulation of random changes. It strikes me as being a flagrant denial of common sense to swallow that all these things were built up by accumulative small random changes. This is simply a nonsensical claim, especially for the great majority of cases, where nobody can think of any credible explanation of how it came about. And this is a very profound question which everybody skirts, everybody brushes over, everybody tries to sweep under the carpet” (“An interview with Michael Denton,” Access Research Network, Vol. 15. No. 2, 1995). Dr. Michael Denton is an atheist who has a Ph.D. in biochemistry from King’s College London. He is the Senior Research Fellow in molecular biology at the University of Otago, New Zealand.

DR. WOLFGANG SMITH

According to Dr. Wolfgang Smith, the doctrine of evolution has swept the world, not on the strength of its scientific merits, but precisely in its capacity as a Gnostic myth. It affirms, in effect, that living beings created themselves, which is, in essence, a metaphysical claim. Smith believes that evolutionism is in truth a metaphysical doctrine decked out in scientific garb (Teilhardism and the New Religion, 2009, p. 24). Smith is a Ph.D. in mathematics from Columbia University and has been a mathematics professor at MIT, UCLA, and Oregon State University.

DR. LEE SPETNER

According to Dr. Lee Spetner, despite the insistence of evolutionists that evolution is a fact, it is really no more than an improbable story. No one has ever shown that macroevolution can work. (“Lee Spetner/Edward Max Dialogue,” 2001, The True Origin Archive). Dr. Spetner earned a Ph.D. in physics from MIT, and worked with the Applied Physics Laboratory of the John Hopkins University from 1951-70.

DR. COLIN PATTERSON

According to Dr. Colin Patterson, the explanation value of the evolutionary hypothesis of common origin is nil! Evolution not only conveys no knowledge, it seems to convey anti-knowledge.  Many scientists will have to admit that in the last 10 years we have seen the basis of evolution go from fact to faith! It does seem that the level of knowledge about evolution is remarkably shallow. We know it ought not to be taught in high school, and that’s all we know about it.” (Patterson was the senior paleontologist at the Museum of Natural History in London when he gave this address at the American Museum of Natural History in 1981; cited from White and Comninellis, Darwin’s Demise, 2001, p. 47.)

DARWINISM SUMMARY

The Achilles heel of evolution is its failure to explain the origin of information within a universe that functions on conservation and deterioration. The entropy factor and the thermodynamic laws in nature do not allow for an increase in complexity and organization, which can give birth to biochemical information systems. Biological and genetic entropy increase as we move forward in time; therefore, this means that naturalistic evolution is a scientific impossibility. Secular scientists are aware of the real problems with evolution. However, the liberal media, many atheists, agnostics, and pagan philosophers continue to push this dogmatic religious philosophy on populations worldwide. Modern  science will never make its next major step forward until the curse of Darwinism has been lifted from the brows of scientists working in the secular scientific community.

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